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Chapter 7 Section 1

Chapter 7 Section 1

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Chapter 7 Section 1

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  1. Chapter 7 Section 1 Inside the Earth

  2. Compositional Layers of the Earth (Brown) (Gray/green)

  3. Composition of the Earth: • The Earth is divided into 3 compositional layers: • Core: • iron, nickel • Mantle: • magnesium, iron, aluminum, silicon, oxygen • Crust: • oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, & magnesium • Crust and mantle are not very dense. • Core is denser than the crust & mantle.

  4. Compositional layers of Earth

  5. CRUST • The outermost layer • 5-100 km thick • Thinnest layer • 2 types of crust • Continental- thick • Oceanic-thin

  6. MANTLE • 2900 km thick • Layer between the crust and core • Thicker than crust • Contains most of Earth’s mass • Scientists study the mantle by looking at the composition of magma. • Magma from volcanoes gives scientists clues about the composition of the mantle.

  7. How scientists see the mantle • Volcanic eruption of Mt. Etna in Sicily

  8. CORE • Innermost layer, below mantle to center of Earth • Made mostly of iron and nickel • Divided into two parts • Inner core—solid • Outer core—liquid

  9. Physical Properties of Earth: How the layers respond to heat and pressure • Earth divided into 5 physical (mechanical) layers: • Lithosphere • Asthenosphere • Mesosphere • Outer Core • Inner Core

  10. Lithosphere • Outer layer of Earth • Made of crust & rigid, upper mantle (asthenosphere) • Divided into pieces called tectonic, or continental plates • Continental plates drift slowly—a few centimeters a year—on top of the mantle

  11. Asthenosphere • Layer below lithosphere • Pieces of lithosphere (tectonic plates) move along this layer • Made of solid rock, soft, plastic-like layer of the mantle

  12. Mesosphere • Below the asthenosphere • Strong lower part of mantle • Extends to the Earth’s core

  13. Outer Core • Liquid layer of Earth’s core • Surrounds inner core

  14. Inner Core • Solid dense center

  15. Quiz • 1. What are the three compositional layers of the Earth? • 2. What are the physical layers of the Earth? • 3. Is the mantle solid or liquid? • 4. What physical and compositional layers of the Earth do you live on?

  16. Quiz Answers • 1. What are the three compositional layers of the Earth? Crust, Mantle, and Core (CMC) • 2. What are the physical layers of the Earth? • Lithosphere, Asthenosphere, Mesosphere, Outer Core, and Inner Core • 3. Is the mantle solid or liquid? Liquid that can be forced to act as a solid • 4. What physical and compositional layers of the Earth do you live on? • Physical: lithosphere Compositional: Crust