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India. Oriane Blondel Jannice Pettersson Kirsten van der Sluijs. Agenda. General information Culture and customs Do´s and dont´s Travel tips Doing business in India Discussion. Geography . 7th largest country in the world Capital : New Delhi Total landmass of

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  1. India

  2. Oriane Blondel Jannice Pettersson Kirsten van der Sluijs

  3. Agenda • General information • Culture and customs • Do´s and dont´s • Travel tips • Doing business in India • Discussion

  4. Geography 7th largest country in the world Capital : New Delhi Total landmass of 3,287,590 sq km Located in South Asia Neighbours: Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, Burma, Nepal and Bhutan

  5. Climate Multiplicity of climates and terrains - snow-peaked Himalayas in the north - desert in the west - thick rain forests in the north-east - flat green pastures in the Gangetic planes - plateaus in south and central India

  6. Population and ethnic composition • Population more than 1 billion • Religion all major world religions and ethnic strains 82% of Indians are Hindu 12% Muslims 3% Christians 2% Sikhs Other big religious groups Buddhists, Jains and Parsis

  7. Institutional system • Federal system with 28 states based on a linguage selection and 7 territories created for political or historical matters • Its the largest democracy in the world inspired by the British model

  8. Language • 18 constitutionally recognized major languages • Around 1,600 other languages and dialects • English is the co-official language

  9. Economic situation • Indian growth rate is about 5,7% for the past ten years and between 2003-2004 : 7,8% • India suffers from infrastructural disabilities • A rate of 9% of growth is necessary in order to reduce poverty • India is the 127 place in the 175 country of IDH

  10. Indian culture and customs • Indian treat guests as they were gods, or from there own family • Elders and the respect for elders is a major component in Indian culture.An individual takes blessings from his elders by touching their feet • Helpful nature

  11. Indian culture and customs (2) • How to great each other in India To greet a friend or another Indian, you join your hands (palms together), bow down in front of the other person, and say: Namaste (feminin:Namaskar) or Pranam

  12. Eating and hospitality • When refreshments are offered, it is customary to refuse the first offer, but to accept the second or third • Under no circumstances should you eat with your left hand in India, the left hand is considred unclean • Never offer any other person food from your plate in India, this is unacceptable • Never thank your host after a meal • Although Indians are vegetarians, most people eat lamb, chicken, and fish

  13. The Cast system • Definition • The hereditary, endogamous social classes or subclasses of traditional Hindu society, stratified according to Hindu ritual purity.

  14. The Cast system (2) • Four generic casts ( the Varna’s) - Brahmanes (priests) - Kshatriya (warrios) - Vaishya (salesmen) - Shudra (servants) • Besides the Hindous who belong to a cast, there are people who are the ´untouchables´ or being ´off casts´

  15. Do´s and dont´s • Wear your clothes properly and respect local tradition • Never enter a religious place with your shoes on • Make sure you have all the permissions needed for taking photo’s

  16. Do’s and dont’s (2) • Never make eyecontact with a professional begger, or you will have a hard case to be left alone • Try do bargain as much as possible, you will get ripped or any way • Whistling in public is unacceptable • Never point your feet at another person as feet are considered unclean

  17. Travel tips in India Transportation Transportation in India is a big hustle. Don’t ever expect the train being on time It is very busy during department time and many reports of robbery during this hour

  18. Travel tips in India (2) • You are not allowed to bring local currency in or out of the country • Change your money in large amounts and prepare your patience for a challenge • Tipping is not a common habit execpt in really fancy places • Baksheesh  You pay to get things done

  19. Doing business • Deal-focused vs. relationship focused • Informal vs. formal cultures • Rigid time vs. fluid time cultures • Expressive vs. reserved cultures

  20. Relationship Focused • Indirect approach of via a third party • Relationship focused • No contract but trust • Indirect use of language, avoid saying no

  21. Formal culture • Status • Boss vs. employee • Using titles

  22. Fluid time culture • Punctuality • Scheduling of an appointment • Polychronic culture

  23. Reserved Culture • Distance • Gestures • Eye contact • Attitude

  24. Discussion

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