(9A)Chapter4 Fishing with birds 第七中学 王春萌
1. Presentation new words 2. P52--53 3. P54—55 Class design arrangement Reading3 1.Explain passive voice 2.Exercise P56--59 Language 2 Speaking 1 Describing people Listening Writing1 Traditional Chinese skills More practice 2 1.Read and answer questions 2.Explain in detail
A traditional Chinese skill Cormorant fishing
Fishing with birds • P1 describes an old man. • P2 describes a kind of bird. • P3 describes how the man works. • P4 is about the future of this type of work.
Moral training teaching Let students know many traditional skills are disappearing in Chinese as it develops and becomes more modern .we should pass them on to the next generation.
Language :passive voice • A Active and passive sentences • B Passive sentences that tell us who or what does something • C Passive verb forms
语态转换时所注意的问题 • 把主动语态变为被动语态时，其谓语动词的时态要与原句时态保持一致，其谓语动词的数要与新主语保持一致。Wehaveboughtanewcomputer.Anewcomputerhasbeenbought.(正确)Anewcomputerhavebeenbought.(错误) • 把主动语态的主语变为介词by的宾语，放在被动语态里谓语动词之后，by短语可以省略。如果原句主语是地点名词，在被动语态中用in+地点名词作状语。如： Myauntinvitedmetoherdinnerparty.Iwasinvitedtoherdinnerparty (bymyaunt).Theschoolsetupaspecialclasstohelppoorreaders.Aspecialclasstohelppoorreaderswassetupintheschool.
含有双宾语的主动句变被动句时，可分别将其中的一个宾语变为主语，另一个不动，一般变间接宾语为主语时比较多。Myunclegavemeapresentonmybirthday.Iwasgivenapresentonmybirthday.如果把直接宾语(指物)改为主语，则在间接宾语(指人)前加适当的介词，如上句还可以说： Apresentwasgiventomeyesterday.注意：一般在下列动词后，常在间接宾语前用介词to，如： bring,give,hand,lend,offer,pass,pay,promise,sell,show,take,teach,tell等。 • 一般在下列动词后，间接宾语前用介词for,如： build,buy,cook,cut,choose,do,fetch,find,fix,get,keep,make,order,paint,play,sing等。
感官动词和使役动词的被动语态 • see,watch,hear,notice,listento,lookat,make,feel等动词后作宾语补足语的动词不定式都不带to，但改成被动语态后都带to，这时不定式为主语补足语，也就是说不定式作主语补足语不存在省略to的问题。 • Weoftenhearhimplaytheguitar.Heisoftenheardtoplaytheguitar.Theearthquakemadetheroadfallontoanotheronebelow.Theroadwasmadetofallontoanotheronebelowbytheearthquake.
由动词+介词或副词构成的短语动词，要把它们作为整体看，即把它们看成一个及物动词，介词或副词不可拆开或漏掉。由动词+介词或副词构成的短语动词，要把它们作为整体看，即把它们看成一个及物动词，介词或副词不可拆开或漏掉。 • 这类动词有：不及物动词+介词，如:agreeto,askfor,laughat,operatedon,listento,lookafter,thinkof,talkabout等。 • 及物动词+副词：如：bringabout,carryout,findout,giveup,handin,makeout,passon,pointout,putaway,putoff,thinkover,turndown,workout,turnout等。 • 例句The baby should be looked after well. Thesportsmeetwillbeputoff
A B 1.The young man was often seen _____ by the lake. A. to draw B. to drawing C. draw D. drew 2. I believe that these mountains ____ with trees in a few years’ time. A. are covered B. will be covered C. are covering D. will cover
D D 3. After the hero’s story ____ on CCTV, many people are learning from him. A. reports B. reported C. was reporting D. was reported 4. Mr. Johnson’s story _____ by everyone who heard it. A. laughed at B. was laughed C. laughed D. was laughed at
A C 5. --- How beautiful our hometown is! --- Yes, trees and flowers ____everywhere. A. can be seen B. can see C. be seen D. can’t see 6. Personal computers ____ in 1976. It has changed the whole world. A. have been invented B. are invented C. were invented D. invented
B 7. --- I want to be a doctor. --- Doctors _____ greatly in every part of the world , I think. A. need B. are needed C. are needing D. will need 8. The village is building a school. I hope it _____ before August this year. A. finishes B. will finish C. is finished D. will be finished D
C A 9. I know she won’t come to join us unless she ____ to. A. tells B. has told C. is told D. was told 10. Can you tell me whom the play ____ in 1998? A. was written by B. was written C. is written by D. is written
Speaking describing people
fat/plump build thinly-built well-built thin/slim
height below average height above average height of average height
age-group elderly young middle-aged
head/face beard moustache blond straight curly bald
Listening Correcting mistakes in a picture.
Bund One day I was walking near the _____, when I saw a small group of people. I walked over to see what they were looking at. In the middle of the crowd, there was a ____ old man. He was wearing a _____ hat on his head. He was dressed in a dark shirt and trousers, and _____ shoes. In his hands he was holding a ______ pair of scissors. He was cutting something carefully, using black paper. short little black small
A young girl sat on a _____ in front of him. She was looking up at her _____, who was standing near her. The girl had lovely, ____ hair. Then I realized that the man was cutting a picture of her. A sign next to the man said: ’Paper Picture, _______. One man in the crowd was holding a black paper picture. He was showing it to a woman. She was ________ at the picture. chair mother long 500yuan laughing
I watched the old man carefully. He was very skillful. I thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station. 6p.m.
Writing • Write a short article describing an old person,like Damin,who has a traditional skill or job • Write a short article describing someone skilled in the art of dough sculpting.
【面塑的特点】 面塑艺术的特点是“一印、二捏、三镶、四滚”（泥塑的步骤），还有“文的胸、武的肚、老人的背脊、美女的腰。 面塑体积小、便于携带,又经久不霉、不裂、不变形、不褪色,因此为旅游者喜爱,是馈赠亲友的纪念佳品。外国旅游者在参观面人制作时，都为艺人娴熟的技艺、千姿百态栩栩如生的人物形象所倾倒，交口赞誉，称北京面塑为“中国的雕塑”。 【面塑的起源】 捏面人真正始自何时已不可考。但从新疆土鲁番阿斯塔那唐墓出土的面制人俑和小猪来推断，距今至少已有一千三百四十多年了。南宋《东京梦华录》中对捏面人也有记载：“以油面糖蜜造如笑靥儿。”那时的面人都是能吃的，谓之为“果食”。而民间对捏面人还有一个传说，相传三国孔明征伐南蛮，在渡芦江时忽遇狂风大作，机智的孔明随即以面料制成人头与牲礼模样来祭拜江神，说也奇怪，部队安然渡江并顺利平定南蛮，因而从此凡执此业者均供奉孔明为祖师爷。
More practice Can you guess?
Riddle ? It’s brown . When you put some dry leaves into the hot water, you can have the drink. It’s healthy for your body. Fujian, Hangzhou are famous for it.
Information About Tea China had tea trees 5 to 6 thousand years ago , and the Chinese began to plant them 2 thousand years ago, but tea was not introduced into Europe until 17th century. From then on, tea has become an important export（出口） for China. In 1820s, an English lady invented “Afternoon tea”. Now they have “Afternoon tea” at 3 or 4 pm. Usually they also have cakes.
Story about tea green tea new green leaves red tea, black tea dry tea leaves white tea oolong tea flower tea flowers
Questions • Where does all tea come from? • Why did people invent black tea? • In many western countries, which kind of tea do they like best?
What other kinds of tea do you know? • Are they real tea? • Do all the tea naturally have caffeine? • Where does it come from?
What does herbal tea contain? Does it contain caffeine? • What is the function of antioxidants? • Why does decaffeinated tea have this name? • Where does organic tea come from? Why does it cost more?