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  1. Introducing… Click on the arrow to go to the next slide.

  2. FIGURE OF SPEECH

  3. Creativity of: Dr. Aejaz U. Shaikh S.P.College of Law Chandrapur

  4. Introduction Authors often use figures of speech in both literature and poetry to enhance their writing. Figures of speech present ordinary things in new or unusual ways. They communicate ideas that go beyond the words’ usual, literal meanings.

  5. Objectives By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to: Recognize seven figures of speech Identify figures of speech in poems

  6. Definitions Imagery:Descriptive writing that appeals to the senses. Simile: Comparing two unlike things using like or as. Metaphor: Comparing two unlike things without using like or as. Alliteration: Repetition of beginning consonant sounds. Hyperbole: A major exaggeration or overstatement. Onomatopoeia: A word that sounds like its meaning. Personification: Giving human traits or characteristics to something that isn’t human.

  7. Imagery Descriptive writing that appeals to the senses (sight, taste, touch, smell, and hearing) Definition: Think of it this way: When a writer uses imagery, the descriptive writing helps create a picture or image in our mind. Imagery = Mental Image

  8. Imagery Example: The bearers bear the bride along like a pearl on a string.

  9. Imagery Another example: The bride skims like a bird on the foam of a stream .

  10. Simile Comparing two unlike things using like or as. Definition: Example: We bear her along like a pearl on a string. Explanation: The bride and the pearl are unlike things. When you compare the softness of carrying the bride to the softly carried pearl, you are using a simile.

  11. Simile More examples: She swayslikea flower. She skims likea bird. She hangslikea star. She falls likea tear. His temper was asexplosive asa volcano.

  12. I am hungry as a horse. You run like a rabbit. She is happy as a clam. He is sneaky as a snake.

  13. Metaphor The definition of a metaphor is similar to the definition of a simile but there is one important difference between the two. Remember the definition of simile has two parts: • Two unlike things are being compared • The words like or asare used to make the comparison There will also be two parts to the definition of a metaphor.

  14. Metaphor vs. Simile Use the following examples to figure out the definition of metaphor. Simile: Mike is like a teddy bear. Simile: Mike is as soft as a teddy bear. Metaphor: Mike is a teddy bear. Simile: That boy is like a donkey. Simile: That boy is as messy as a donkey. Metaphor: That boy is a donkey.

  15. An implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common. Example: The boy was a fish in the water. Metaphor Definition

  16. The girl was a fish in the water. The clown was a feather floating away.

  17. Alliteration Take a look at the following examples of alliteration.. Brad wore his blue and brown blazer. She springs like a beam on the brow of the tide. Gaily, O Gaily we glide and we sing. Six swans went swimming in the sea.

  18. Alliteration Have you figured it out yet? Here are more examples to help refine your definition. Alliteration  Sue shook her silky silver hair as the sun was setting. NOT AlliterationElizabeth easily eyed an elephant in the elevator.

  19. Stan the strong surfer saved several swimmers on Saturday. Tiny Tommy Thomson takes toy trucks to Timmy’s on Tuesday.

  20. You’re Right! Alliterationis the repetition of beginning consonant sounds, such as “Six silly swans went swimming in the sea.” It’s important to note that not every word in the sentence has to begin with the same letter in order for it to be considered alliteration. In the above example, only 5 out of 8 words begin with an “s”.

  21. Hyperbole Think about the following examples of hyperbole. You will later select the best definition for this figure of speech. My backpack weighs a ton.

  22. Hyperbole Another example: The wolf was 100 feet high.

  23. Hyperbole More examples: You could have knocked me over with a feather. I’ve told you a million times!

  24. Hyperbole Hyperbole is a major exaggeration or overstatement. Authors use this figure of speech to emphasize a point or add humor. Example: I nearly died laughing

  25. Onomatopoeia When you see this: You often hear this: Buzz and ring are both examples of onomatopoeia.

  26. Onomatopoeia More examples: When you see this: You often hear this: Moo Boom Quack

  27. Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like its meaning. It can also be described as the use of a word which imitates a sound. Other examples include: screech, whirr, sizzle, crunch, bang, , zap, roar, growl, click, snap, crackle, and pop.

  28. Yeeeeee Ahhhhhhhh Swish swish swish Chug chug chug!! Glippp Gluppp Gluppp

  29. Personification Giving human traits or characteristicsto something that isn’t human, such as animals, objects or non-living things Definition: Think of it this way: When a writer uses personification, he or she gives characteristics of a person to an animal, object or thing.

  30. Personification Example: The willow tree shook her long hair. Explanation: The example is referring to the way that the willow tree’s long branches sway in the wind. By saying “shook her long hair”, the tree is given characteristics of a human.

  31. Personification More examples: The car danced across the icy road. The angry clouds marched across the sky. The stars in the clear night sky winked at me. The tulips nodded their headsin the breeze.

  32. The flowers danced in the wind. The friendly gates welcomed us. The Earth coughed and choked in all of the pollution.