WindBarriers -Introduction and Methodology Ben Pfluger Fraunhofer Institute forSystems and Innovation Research ISI 6 July 2010 - Bucharest
Agenda • Introduction • Methodology • Reply rate
Introduction • Potential reasons: Administrative and grid access barriers • Explicitly named in the new Renewable Energy Directive in Article 13 (Administrative procedures, regulations and codes) and Article 16 (Access to and operation of the grids)
Objectives Why measure „Wind Barriers“? • Toobtain quantifiable data on: • Administrative barriers • Grid access barriers • Quantify the barriers for the first time and condense them to a few indicators. „From myth to facts“ • To find best practices and reveal existing issues and bottlenecks. • To propose recommendations on how to overcome these barriers. • To raise awareness amongst decision-makers at local, regional, national and European level.
Project consortium • EWEA - European Wind Energy Association (Coordinator) • Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI • DWIA - Danish Wind Industry Association • AEE- Spanish Wind Energy Association • PSEW – Polish Wind Energy Association • MSZET - Hungarian Wind Energy Association • Dong Energy • Iberdrola • Austrian Wind Power + Cooperation with Airtricity and all National Wind Energy Associations
Procedure outlay Applicationprocess Stuckprojects Fullyconsentedprojects EIA Distance rules Grid connection rules … Possibleprojects How to measure these very heterogeneous barriers?
Methodology 2 - Questionnaires 1 - Indicators 4 - EU-27 analysis & country overview 3 – National samples 5 – Recommendations (July 2010)
Reply rate For some countries the representativity is relatively low and the results have to be taken with a pinch of salt.
Further questions? Pfluger@isi.fraunhofer.de Thank you for your attention!
Survey design Definitional (or logic) indicators barrier can be quantified directly Identification of appropriate indicators Identification of main barriers Question formulation Process "What is the average lead time for the overall authorization procedure of your projects?" Lead time for authorisation procedure [months] Authorisation procedure too long Example
Survey design • "Latent variables" • the barrier cannot be quantified directly • has to be derived from one or more indicators operationalisation Transparency of the authorisation process Barrier Possibleindicators procedure well known/ clear? clear deadlines? Decision process clear?