Early Japanese Society • Early Japanese society received little influence from the rest of Asia • But, by the 500s, Japanese leaders started sending people to China and Korea to learn more about their cultures
Changes in Language • Early Japan had no written language • Japan borrowed Chinese as a written language • Chinese characters represented Japanese sounds
Language • The rich and educated learned to write in Chinese • Chinese was the official language of Japan’s government
Religion and Philosophy • Remember Shinto? • It originated in Japan • Shinto is Japan’s traditional religion • Shinto is the worship of nature spirits, called kami
Religion and Philosophy • One of the most influential leaders to bring Chinese ideas to Japan was Prince Shotoku • Prince Shotoku was a regent- a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule
Religion and Philosophy • Prince Shotoku sent scholars to China- they brought back Confucianism • What two principles did Confucius teach? • Japanese families began to live by the rules of Confucianism
Religion and Philosophy • Korea introduced Buddhism to Japan • People knew about Buddhism, but many still wanted to practice Shinto
Religion and Philosophy • Prince Shotoku was Buddhist- he worked to make Buddhism popular in Japan • He even built a Buddhist temple that still stands today
Government • Villages in Japan were ruled by clan chiefs • What is a clan? • One clan, the Yamamotos, became powerful by conquering other clans • They called themselves the emperors of Japan The son and grandson of Japan’s current emperor
Government • Prince Shotoku wanted Japan’s emperors to be powerful, like China’s • But, the clans didn’t agree • As a result, Japan’s emperors gained little power
Review Questions True or False- Japan is made up of mountains, volcanoes and flat coastal plains
Review Questions • How did Japan’s location both separate it from and tie it to China and Korea? Hint
Review Question • What is a clan?
Review Questions • What two religions did Prince Shotoku help spread in Japan?
Review Question • The influence of China and Korea on Japan’s early history, culture and development is found in all of the following except • Japan’s first writing system • The traditional Japanese diet • Early rules for family behavior • The practice of Buddhism
Review Question • What is a regent?
Changes in Language • ___________________________________________________ • ___________________________________________________ • ___________________________________________________
Religion and Philosophy • __________________________________ • __________________________________ • __________________________________ • __________________________________
Government • __________________________________ • __________________________________ • __________________________________ • __________________________________ The son and grandson of Japan’s current emperor