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Major Events of the French Revolution

Major Events of the French Revolution

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Major Events of the French Revolution

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  1. Major Events of the French Revolution Objectives: analyze the major events of the French Revolution Be able to compare and contrast the French and American Revolutions

  2. Financial Problemsin France, 1789 • Urban Commoner’sBudget: • Food 80% • Rent 25% • Tithe 10% • Taxes 35% • Clothing 20% • TOTAL 170% • King’s Budget: • Interest 50% • Army 25% • Versailles 25% • Coronation 10% • Loans 25% • Admin. 25% • TOTAL 160%

  3. What were the causes of French Revolution ? • Inspired by the American Revolution • Influence of the Enlightenment • Social inequality • Poor leadership of the monarchy • The financial crisis in France

  4. Meeting of the Estates General 1789 • Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General to solve France’s Financial Problems • Louis XVI wanted to vote by order • 3rd estate wanted to vote by head

  5. The Number of Representativesin the Estates General: Vote by Head! Clergy 1st Estate 300 Aristocracy 2nd Estate 300 648 Commoners 3rd Estate

  6. The Suggested Voting Pattern:Voting by Estates Clergy 1st Estate 1 Aristocracy 2nd Estate 1 1 Commoners 3rd Estate Louis XIV insisted that the ancient distinction of the three orders be conserved in its entirety.

  7. French Budget, 1774

  8. Convening the Estates General May, 1789 Last time it was called into session was 1614!

  9. Tennis Court Oath • After being locked out of the Estates General the 3rd estate met a nearby ______________ • 3rd Estate began calling themselves the __________ • National Assembly swore to not stop meeting until they had written a new constitution for France

  10. Storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789 • A rumor that the king was planning a military coup against the National Assembly. • 18 died and 73 wounded • Signaled the Start of the French Revolution

  11. The Reign of Terror Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible. -- Robespierre Let terror be the order of the day! • The total number of victims nationwide was over 20,000 • Victims included anyone who was a “enemy of the Revolution” • Attempted to “de-Christianize”

  12. Different Social Classes Executed 7% 8% 28% 25% 31%

  13. Maximillian Robespierre(1758 – 1794) “Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible. “ --

  14. The Rise of Napoleon • extremely successful military general • Led a coup d’ etat • Became emperor in 1804 • “Child of the Revolution”?

  15. Napoleon’s Tomb

  16. Napoleon’s Defeat at Waterloo(June 18, 1815) Prussian General Blücher DukeofWellington

  17. Napoleon’s Empire in 1810

  18. British Cartoon

  19. Hitler Visits Napoleon’s Tomb June 28, 1940

  20. What AP themes are met in the French Revolution? • Theme #3 STATE BUILDING AND EXPANSION ( France VS Austria & Prussia) • Development of cultures- (De-Christianization) • Theme#3 Revolutions-(the whole chapter:)

  21. Compare the French and American Revolutions ( Pair share) • Both were inspired by enlightenment ideals • Both were against an unjust “monarchy” • Both did not like the “unfair tax system”