DEVELOPING AND MAINTAINING WEBSITE OF DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE AND TOXICOLOGY
Sabri I.*1, Kumar A.2, Husain M.3, Yadav M.4, Das S.5, Usmani J.A.3, Gupta V.5, • *- Presenting Author • 1- Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Dr Rajendra Prasad Govt. Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, H.P. • 2-Joint Secretary, I.A.F.M. & Asst. Prof., Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, AIIMS, New Delhi • 3- Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. • 4- Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar. • 5- Himalayan Institute of Hospital Trust, Dehradun
Introduction • Internet • Online Education System • Website • Webpage • Search Engines. • Financial Burden. • Domain Name
Internet The word Internet is an abbreviation of INTERNATIONAL NETWORK, an INTERnational NETwork of computers spread throughout the globe. The basic idea of internet is to connect all these computers with each other by connection network [dial-up connection, LAN, WAN, Wireless network etc] Intranet: An intranet is an internal, secured business environment, which uses HTML and TCIP protocols like the Internet, but operates on a LAN (local area network).
Useful Terms: Must Know • URL:Uniform Resource Locator. The URL specifies the Internet address of a file stored on a host computer . • Website: a website is the storehouse of information and data. • I.P. ADDESS:is a number of website. • WEB BROWSERS OR INTERNET BROWSER: a web browser is software used to explore internet eg ie,firefox,netscape. • SERVERS are computers with a 24-hour Internet connection. • Clientsare software programs used to access files on a server
Useful Terms: Must Know • DOWNLOADING:is when you take a file from someone else's computer and put it on your own. • UPLOADING: to send/load a file to another computer/server. • FTP: stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is both a program and the method used to transfer files between two computers Eg: filezilla [free], cute FTP, WS-FTP etc. • Internet Service Provider (ISP): connects you to the Internet. • SSH: (Secure Shell) was developed by SSH Communications Security Ltd., to log into another computer over a network, to execute commands in a remote machine, and to move files from one machine to another
Useful Terms: Must Know • CD-ROM: is an abbreviation for Compact Disc, read-only-memory. • CPU: Central Processing Unit. This is the brain of the computer. • Cursor: is a visual indicator. • Drive: any part of the computer where disks reside and operate, temporarily or permanently. See floppy drive, CD drive, and hard disk/hard drive. • Floppy disk/diskette-- is a flat, portable, disk made of plastic that can store files written magnetically on it's surface.
Useful Terms: Must Know • Gig or GB: refers to the amount of memory or space, when used to describe data storage. One Gig or gigabyte is equal to 1,024 megabytes. • Hard disk/hard drive-- this is a permanent storage unit containing a disk or disks, that are made from metal. • Hardware: the physical components of a computer, including cables, the keyboard, the CPU, monitor, etc. • Meg or MB: refers to the amount of memory or space, when used to describe data storage. 1 MB is equal to 1,048,576 bytes.
Useful Terms: Must Know • Modem: is a device used to connect a computer to internet via a telephone lines. Int. or ext • Monitor: the screen on which you see your work, whether in color, grayscale, or black-and-white. • Mouse: a small tool that duplicates the movements of your hand on the computer's screen. • MP3: this stands for "MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3" and is a digital, compressed music file. • Network-- a group of computers spread out over a large area that are connected with each other
Useful Terms: Must Know • NIC: an abbreviation for Network Interface Card, this is a card inserted into your computer or laptop that allows it to communicate with a network. • Operating System or Platform-- these terms refer to the software that your computer uses to operate .Win98, Win ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Linux are common platforms. • Peripherals-- are devices connected to a computer which aren't a part of the main machine. Examples are a mouse, speakers, keyboards, printers, scanners, etc.
Useful Terms: Must Know • RAM-- Random Access Memory, the computer's "short term" memory used whenever an action is performed by a program. It is also called the "active memory". • ROM-- Read-Only Memory, in which information is saved once and can never be altered. • Software- also called an application, this is any information a computer uses to perform a task; also, any information saved on a disk. • Teleconferencing- is to hold a conference using a telephone or network connection. • USB- stands for Universal Serial Bus. • Videoconferencing- is used to transmit audio and video data.
Search Engines • Search engine is a searchable database of Internet files collected by a computer program. An index is created from the collected files, e.g., title, full text, size, URL, etc. There is often no selection criteria for these collection of files, except a ranking of "best fit" results. • Searching for something, or someone? The Internet can be the quickest, and least expensive way to find information...as long as you know how to use the search engines efficiency.
Free Search Engines • www.google.com • www.yahoo.com • www.altavista.com
Website and Portals • INTERNET WEBSITE contains all the information offered by a particular organization, individual, or company, and will sometimes include links to other sites as well. • WEBPORTAL is a big website having different type of information in one website eg: www.yahoo.com providing free email, information in each and every field including online shopping. Same is the case with medbeats.com which provide free email, medical information and AMU related information etc.
Need of Developing Website • To provide information online. • To discourage use of paper and have eco-friendly communication. • To display information online for undergraduate and post-graduate students in forensic medicine department. • To develop an online museum concept so that the need of specimens is minimized.
Need of Developing Website • To provide information onliSharing information via internet by providing to each other. • PowerPoint sharing . • Person can visit each other and can interact with each other. • One can just search for each other to have external examiners from nearby places. • To link all the website to Academy website.
Online Teaching • Powerpoint sharing • Lectures • Photograph of Interest • Online Forensic Museum • Challenging cases to be displayed • Crime Scene Photographs • Online Videos of Post-mortem examination. • Audio Lectures by eminent experts
Online Forensic Museum • www.forensicindia.com is the first indian website to develop online forensic museum. • Interlinking of online museum is beneficial for students. • Photographic presentation with small description is enough. • Rarest of the rare photographs can be easily accesible.
Website providing Online Training in Forensic Medicine • www.dna.gov • www.nfstc.org • www.cftco.com • www.onlineforensictraining.com
How to develop website • One Computer with printer and internet facility installed on it. • One domain name to be registered by internet domain registrar. • Webspace to be booked from a reputed webhosting company. • A person/ resident/faculty member with specialized training in the field. • Webmaster to develop the website. • Knowledge of FTP & Uploading. • Knowledge of Server level programming of Domain Control panel, Hosting Control panel.
Financial Burden • Purchase of Domain. • Purchase of Webspace • Computer:Available in department • Internet Connection: Available • Webdeveloper
Domain Details • Domain Name is the name of website eg: forensicindia.com. • Domain Name is very similar to house number and name of person living in that house. • http://www.yahoo.com : this complete url [Uniform Resource Locator] of a website. • http [hypertext transfer protocol] • Yahoo.com is domain name, • .com is the domain extension and stands for commercial, • www is superdomain or subdomain. • Cost Rs 500/year
Domain Registration Online • godaddy.com, • networksolutions.com, • stargateinc.com, • registrar.com, • enom.com • Economicalhost.com • Fatcow.com • Squarebrothers.com • Cleverdot.com
Free Domain Registrar • www.co.cc • www.freedomain.co.nr
Server Space • The Server Space is required to host/ load a website. The space is to provided by webhost companies after payment of the hosting fee. Server is not your property.It is allotted to you for one year which is to be renewed each year or you can register it for more than one year. Server Space is a kind of Rented house on Internet. • Cost starting Rs 1000/year
Websites providing Hosting • www.fatcow.com • www.squarebrothrs.com • www.greengeeks.com • www.hostgator.com • www.economicalhost.com • www.pluginspace.org • www.godaddy.com • www.hostvoice.com • www.manashosting.com • www.speedhost.in
Websites Providing free Servers • www.000webhost.com • www.freewebhostingarea.com • www.bravenet.com • www.awardspace.com • www.doteasy.com • www.webs.com • www.minster.net • www.110mb.com
Others Necesseties • Computer • Internet Connection: BSNL Broadband • Trained Person: May be PG Student/Faculty.
Developing Website: • Languages to design website • HyperText Markup Language [HTML] [Most easy and Common] • PHP • ASP [Active Server Pages] • JAVA • FLASH • CFM • PERL
Available Designing Programmes • Microsoft Frontpage • Dreamweaver • JAVA • Macromedia Flash • PHP • DHTML
Designing in Frontpage[easy] • Open Microsoft Frontpage • Three pages in one • Normal • HTML • Preveiw • Type your information in normal page • HTML will automatically generated • Preview page show website • Save File in .htm format
Basic Design • Creating Webpage. • Creating Hyperlink. • Creating Marquee. • Hoverbuttons • Inserting Table. • Seeing Links. • Viewing in Browser. • Inserting Picture. • Inserting Script • View Source Code.
Creating Hyperlink • Open Microsoft Frontpage • Create new page • Type any text in normal page • Select the text • Right click • Select hyperlink • Select the page to be hyperlinked • SAVE CHANGES • That’s all
Creating Marquee or Moving Text • Open Microsoft frontpage. • Open any page or create new page • Open webcomponents in INSERT of task bar • Insert marquee • Add text which you want to display in moving text. • Click on OK • Save the change • You can edit speed/color etc later
Creating Hoverbuttons • Open Microsoft frontpage. • Open any page or create new page • Open webcomponents in INSERT of task bar • Insert Hoverbuttons • Add text which you want to display. • Click on OK • Save the change • You can edit border/color etc later
Creating Table • Open Microsoft frontpage. • Open any page or create new page • Open INSERT on task bar • Insert Table • Add text which you want to display. • Click on OK • Save the change • You can edit border/color etc later
Inserting Picture in Page • Open Microsoft frontpage. • Open any page or create new page • Open INSERT on task bar • Insert Picture from file/web • Click on OK • Save the change • You can edit border/color etc later
Inserting Script[not for beginners] • Just open the html page • Add <html> • Paste your script • Add </html>
View Source Code • Just right click on any webpage • Click on view source code • That’s it
Seeing Links Pattern • Open Microsoft frontpage • Open the page whose links you want to see. • Just click on hyperlink given on left side of page. • It will show the link pattern • Click on normal after visualization
Seeing your design • Open Microsoft Frontpage • Click on file • Click on preview in browser • You will be able to see your developed page in you default browse or how it appear on web.
Website Templates • A web template is a pre-designed webpage that only lacks content and photos. Web templates reduce or eliminate the need for a professional webpage designer.
Website providing free templates • freewebtemplates.com • freesitetemplates.com • templatesbox.com • freelayouts.com • websitestemplates.com • Websitetools.com • www.steves-templates.com
Creating website from predesigned themes • On the File menu, point to New, and then click Page or Web. • Click on format • Click on Theme • Select the theme of yourchoice • Click on OK • Microsoft FrontPage opens a new page based on the template. • You can change color etc later
Websites providing free webtools & Stuff • www.homepagetool.com • www.dynamicdrive.com • www.bravenet.com • www.hotscripts.com • www.webweacer.nu • www.websitegoodies.com • www.freebyte.com • www.1000websitetools.com
Server level programming • Domain Control Panel • Nameserver Setting • DNS Setting • MX setting • Email Setting • Web hosting Control Panel • Mail setting • File manager • Uploading • Scripts
Nameserver or DNS Setting • A DNS (Domain NameServer) record (also known as a zone file) is a small set of instructions for resolving specified Internet domain names to the appropriate number form of an Internet Protocol address (an IP address). • Nameserver provided by webhost. • NS1.domainname.com • NS2.domainname.com
Mail Setting • For website providing email service • Modify the Mail Exchange setting in your DNS record. • MX to pointed to host.
Hosting ControlPanel • File Manager • FTP Manager • Counter • Password Manager • Disk Usage • Visitor Statistics. • Server Information