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Update on HPV research agenda

Update on HPV research agenda

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Update on HPV research agenda

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  1. Update on HPV research agenda N R Manyere UZ, College of Health Sciences Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

  2. Human papillomavirus (HPV) • HPV is a virus that infects humans and causes diseases. It is the commonest sexually transmitted viral infection. • More than 150 types of HPVs have been identified in humans and about 40 are sexually transmitted and infect the genital tract.

  3. Chronic HPV infection causes genital warts which are benign and cancers of the genital tract ie, cervix, vagina, vulva and anus • Burden of HPV related cancer is high in women especially cancer of the cervix • In Zimbabwean black women the commonest cancers are cervical cancer (32%), breast (12%) and Kaposi Sarcoma (6.9%) ; 1 in every 3 women with cancer has cervical cancer. [Zim cancer registry 2013]

  4. Primary Prevention of Cervical Cancer • Cervical cancer is preventable • A vaccine against HPV infection has been available since 2006 • Zimbabwe has successfully completed an HPV vaccination pilot project in 2 districts. The vaccine targets 2 cancer causing HPVs; 16 and 18 • The Ministry of Health has plans to roll out the national HPV vaccination programme in 2016

  5. UZ-UCSF coordinated HPV research • UZ-UCSF in collaboration with UCSF set up the first HPV testing and typing facility in Zimbabwe in an attempt to find out the HPV types affecting our population. • 2 lab scientists have received specialist training at UCSF in HPV typing • HPV testing and typing started in March 2014

  6. Research concepts 1)The different types of HPV causing abnormal cells that give rise to cancer in the anus in HIV positive adults attending the Opportunistic Infections Clinics (SimbaChinyowa) 2) The different types of HPV among women presenting for cervical cancer screening (Racheal S Dube-Mandishora) 3)Different types of HPV in genital warts among women in Harare-Zimbabwe(NgatendweManyere) 4) Different types of HPV in women with cervical cancer (Washington Mudini) 5) Different types of HPV in vulva or vaginal cancer (ThulaniMagwali)

  7. Summary of the study on HPV types in genital warts • as part of the HPV research agenda • Objective To determine the HPV types in women with genital warts presenting at Harare, Parirenyatwa and Wilkins hospitals

  8. We enrolled 100 women who were 18 years or older and had genital warts • We collected tissue from the participants and tested for HPV

  9. Demographic characteristics(N=100)

  10. HPV types • 98% of participants had 1 0r more HPV types detected • 43% had a single HPV type • 29% had a mixture of cancer causing and non-cancer causing types • 83% had type 6 and/or 11 which are known to cause genital warts • Type 16 which is part of the vaccine was in 14% and 18 which is also covered by the vaccine was found in 2% of participants • 18% had cancer causing types that are not covered by the vaccine(51,33,31,58,45,52,59,66)

  11. Conclusion • Among women with genital warts 98% have a detectable HPV type • As expected types 6 and/11 constituted 83% of the HPV types. • 34% had cancer causing HPV

  12. Acknowledgements • We are grateful to the collaborative effort of UZ-UCSF and UCSF which has created the first HPV research laboratory in Zimbabwe

  13. Thank you For and on behalf of the HPV research group

  14. Genital Warts in HIV infected Woman

  15. Genital Warts in HIV infected Woman