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Fulfilled Messianic Prophecy

Fulfilled Messianic Prophecy. LTC 3, Week 4. Quiz. What's TULIP stand for? What's the Armenian version of TULIP? Cite a scripture w/ reference which shows that either predestination or election are based on the foreknowledge of God. Define baptism of the Holy Spirit. Cite Scripture & Ref.

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Fulfilled Messianic Prophecy

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  1. Fulfilled Messianic Prophecy LTC 3, Week 4

  2. Quiz • What's TULIP stand for? • What's the Armenian version of TULIP? • Cite a scripture w/ reference which shows that either predestination or election are based on the foreknowledge of God. • Define baptism of the Holy Spirit. Cite Scripture & Ref. • Why does the Holy Spirit work differently in the Old Testament than in the New Testament? Cite Scripture & Ref. • How would you explain being “filled with the Holy Spirit?” • List 4 ministries of the Holy Spirit after conversion.

  3. Introduction • Read Mt.27:3-10; Acts 1:18; all refer to Zech.11:13 • WHY?

  4. Is.41 God’s challenge to false religions to prophecy fulfilled in v.25ff V.25-29 = God gives a near-term prophecy of CYRUS Ch.42 = God Gives a FAR-TERM prophecy of the “Servant”.

  5. Is. 44:7 * * God’s way of authenticating scripture: See Is.41:22-29; 45:21; 46:8-10; 48:3-5 All these refs lead backto here! Other “popular symbols”:x  D     

  6. Acts 17 LIT: “Working hard at length” LIT: “Placing Before” –We need to give evidencein our whitnessing. People give in gradually (1Cor.5:11) Katagellow: “evangelism” lit “strongly announcing” (ala Rom.1:16)

  7. Gen. 3:15 A CAPSULATION OF HUMAN HISTORY: God’s work of Redemption through Eve’s descendant, Satans attempts to destroy God’s work. Mankind, Satan at war! LIT: “Crush” Head (NASB) = Col. 2:15 BUT: Only 1 of Eve’s Descendants. • Serpent = proper name of devil, not a “snake”: • v.14 laguage figureative; snakes don’t “eat dust”; means “defeated” • See Is. 49:23; Ps. 72:9; Mic. 7:16,17 • Conci: The proper name by which he was known to Eve (Rev.12:10) • Thus v.14 curse appies to Satan; le., aitho he’s highest, he’ll be lowest • v.15 sketches how this judgement will take place: a descendant of Eve. “bruise” heel = non-fatal = @ cross

  8. And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed." See also Gen.18:18 Shiloh prophecied to fulfill this in Gen. 49:10 Gen. 12:3

  9. "The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes, And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.” Gen 49:10 From the Kingly Line Means “Peace” – see NASB “to whom it [peace] belongs” Cf. Is. 9:7; 49:6; Zech. 9:10

  10. “He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. [14] "I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men” 2 Samuel 7:13-14 Promise is “thwarted” in Jer. 22:18; see Mt/Lk. Chronology comparisons for resolution. Fulfilled in v.15 via Solomon. v.16 is the Christ POINTS: A) Through a Kingly Line B) UNCONDITIONAL

  11. Psalm 2 Mankind rebels God regathers… Method of regathering… Mt.3:17 Same Person The only response.

  12. Psalms 22 Overview • Suffering – from General to Specific • V.1-5 Rejected by God • V.6-10 Rejected by Jews • V.11-18 Crucified by the Gentiles • Salvation – v19-31

  13. V.6 “The People” = Israelites V8. Apparently, made bold claims about He & God = SARCASM. V9 “Bring me forth from the womb” = Virgin birth? V9 Special relationship of trust & closeness since birth: (NOT David’s case, see Ps.51:5) V15 “Dust of death” – DIES: David never did this way V16 “pierced” – See NASB note #2, Masoretic text rendering, but LXX (200 BC) has “pierced”. HEB:KRW Psalms 22 Incidentals

  14. Psalms 45 • “Kingly Psalm” • Apparently the King is God Himself: • v.6 “Thy throne, Oh God…” • V.7 “Therefore God, thy God, has annointed thee..” • V. 11 “The King…is your Lord…”

  15. Psalms 89 • Davidic Covenant Expounded • V.4 “I will establish your seed forever” • Repeated v.28, 33-37 Unconditional • See also Is. 9:6; 2 Sam. 7:12

  16. Kingly Messiah Priest V.1 “The LORD says to My Lord…” Since David IS King, aside from Yaweh, who’s David’s Lord? V.1-7 Describe this one’s authority and absolute rulership V.4 “will not change his mind” = Unconditional “priest forever” PROBLEM: Priests were Levites, Kings are from Judah; cf 2 Chron. 26:16-18. This person is both. 2 Chron. 26:16-18 But when he became strong, his heart was so proud that he acted corruptly, and he was unfaithful to the Lord his God, for he entered the temple of the Lord to burn incense on the altar of incense. [17] Then Azariah the priest entered after him and with him eighty priests of the Lord, valiant men. [18] They opposed Uzziah the king and said to him, "It is not for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to the Lord, but for the priests, the sons of Aaron who are consecrated to burn incense. Get out of the sanctuary, for you have been unfaithful and will have no honor from the Lord God." Psalm 110

  17. Isaiah 7 Background v.1-3 Israel, Syria join forces; ask Judah to join. Backgr: 2 Chron. 28:16 Ahaz & Assyrians forming a coalition.

  18. Isaiah 7 • Backgr: 2 Chron. 28:16 Ahaz & Assyrians forming a coalition. • V.3ff Isaiah’s Message: • V6 Davidic line threatened: becomes Isaiah’s focus to “house of Davide” message in v.13,14 • V9 “Ie, Believe in God, not man!” = thrust • V.11 God offers proof for trusting in Him. • V.12 Ahaz displays false humility, actually doesn’t want to listen to God’s msg. • V13 Rebuked for forming coalition, having alternative plans in place. • V14 Sign given to House of David (v13,2) to console re: v.6 threat. • V.15 Impoverished times, don’t come about until after v.16 destruction (cf. v22 curds & hoey) • V16 2 Kings = Syria & Israel, destroyed 4 yrs after Hezekiah becomes King (2Ki.18:9)

  19. Isaiah 7 Issues • Liberals reject Messianic interpretation: • Virgin (HEB: “alaman” can mean “young maiden” • Sign was given contemporary with Ahaz (v11) • Response: • #2 rejected because the sign was refused by Ahaz; so Is. Gives it to the House of Davide instead (v13) • #2 isn’t true, because this child would not be a contemporary of Ahaz. • #1 “Alaman” is the closest Heb. Word to “virgin”. LXX Translates “virgin” – GK: “partheonos”). • #1 is absurd because there’s no “sign” here, no miracle, no proof of God’s hand.

  20. Is. 9:6 Virgin birth • v.1,2 talks about the Galileean ministry of Christ • Zeb & Napth were shafted by land allotments: 1st to be conquered, but will be made up because they’ll be the 1st to see the Messiah • V.1 Christ’s Galillean Ministry • V2 they’re the first ones to get the light • V.2,3 Gap appears inbetween: 2 comings of Christ. • proof: Mat. 4:15,16 says so. • V.5,7 Millenial Kingdom (v5 end of wars) • V.3-5 are true because of v6-7 • V.6 The reason for the “joy” in v.2ff • V6 “government” see also 10:20-1 = Millenial Promise • V.7 Davidic Covenant. • see John 7:41,42 (Applic: Deliberate hardness of heart on Pharasee’s part) • (cf Micah 5:2) • POINT: passage teaches his humanity and deity

  21. Is. 11 • V1 “Stem of Jesse” Jesse was David’s father. • V2 “spirit of the lord…” repeated Is.42:1; 48:16; 61:1 • Will be a prophet-King • “spirit of wisdom…understanding” describes HS role • V.3-5 2nd Advent described • V11 At the time of the regathering of Israel (1948)

  22. Context: “Distant” M.K. prophecy given to support 41:25-29 assertions V1-4 Addressed to all nations V1 “uphold” = unconquerable “delights” cf Ps.2:7,2 V1 “spirit” = prophet/king V.1 “justice” NOT fulfilled by Israel. V2 Not seeking publicity (Mt. 12:18ff; also Zech 9:9; Mt. 21:5) “Silent Coming” V3 Upholds oppressed (cf Is. 61:1ff, also Mt. 11:28-30) V.4 =1st Clue He’ll suffer bringing all this about. V.4b “established justice” ie, MK. V.4c “coastlands” = distant lands v.5-9 Addressed to Servant V.6 “righteousness” doesn’t describe Israel 6b “covenant” = a new covenant bringer. 6c “light” = Revelation of God (Is.9:2) V.7 repeated in Is.61:1ff – SPIRITUALLY blind V9b ie, hasn’t come about at time of prophecy Is. 42 – Messianic Ministry

  23. V1 “Islands” = “coastlands” = gentiles 1b “from the whomb” cf 46:3b; 49:5 1c “mother” Significant: Servant, OT messianic passages never refer to FATHER as parent. 2a “sword” Speaks convictingly Rev. 1:16; Heb 4:12 2b “arrow” = far-ranging effects V3 reveals G’s glory V4 apparently fails (crucifixion) – (see v.7) yet still trusts V5 womb = virgin birth V5 “bring Jacob back” = critical mission of the Servant (and why he can’t be Israel) V6 Servant & Israel= 2 entities “light to nations” = fulfills Gen.12:3 V6c Is “source of salvation” V7 “despised one” = Is.53:3 V7 “the nation” rejects him = Israel (& thus why servant isn’t Israel) V7b “Servant” is identified GAP inbetween v7 & 8 V8 Future prophecy after v7a is accomplished V8 “covenant” = Covenant Maker (cf 42:6) 8ff = MK description Is. 49 – Savior Rejected by Israel

  24. Is. 50 Suffering Servant • V4 “me” = Servant v10 • V4 “tongues…” LIT “instructed tongue” means discipled by God (Jn.17:7-8; cf 4D, 5) • V4 “my ear” spoken to directly by God (Jn. 5:19,30; 8:28) • V5 “disobedient” Righteous, obedient: NOT ISRAEL. • V6 “I gave…” voluntary submission of servant to suffering: Israel NEVER did (cf John 10:18) • V6 “pluck…spitting” happened at crucifixion

  25. Psg begins 52:13-35, a prolog V13 “will prosper” speaking in future, after v14ff sufferings V14 “astonished” at crucifixion, sufferings V14 “marred…” physical tortchure (50:6) V14 “beyond…any man…” ie, beyond human likeness (“form”) V15 “sprinkle” synonymous with purification – as a result of v14 GAP begins: V15b “…Kings” V15 “not been told” = the “mystery”; or Gentiles hadn’t heard before (Zech 12:10) Chapter 53 V1 “Who…” ie, few would believer (Jews) tho they heard V1 “our” speaker = believing Jews V1 “arm” = God’s saving powers (51:9; 52:10) V2 “before Him” Known by God, unkown by man (50:4) V2 “shoot” or root? (Is.11:1) V2 “parched” the Poverty & misery of Nazareth “no stately form” Doesn’t look like a Kingly messiah; only a carpenter V3 “forsaken” = rejected, which caused grief (Lk.19:41), thus a “man of sorrows” V3 “despised” concl of Jews of the day Is. 53 Most Significant Suffering Servant Passage

  26. V4 “Surely…” What was really going on was v4ff substitutionary death. V4 “smitten of God” – it was obvious God was judging Him (Mt.12:24) V5 “Pierced” (Ps.22; Zech 12:10) at cross V5 “our transgressions” substitution V5 “well being…” Peac w/ God Rom. 5:1 V6 “all of us…” Total depravity of Man V6 “each of us…”: we’re responsible V7 “did not open…” patient through mistreatment, willingly suffers (Is.50:5) V7 “lamb” Jn. 1:29 V8 “taken away” Dies via judgement V8 “for the transgression” Substitutionary death V9 “wicken men” died a criminal’s death V9 “with a rich man” see Mt.27:57-60; not buried like a criminal V10 Again, substitutionary death V10 “offspring” = Christians V10 “prolong days” = resurrection, comes back to life V11,12 Justification & intercession Is 53 Cont’d

  27. Is. 61 • V1: there are 2 persons: Spirit of the Lord God & “Me” • V8 1st person = God, no break in Context; therefore the trinity, or at least a duality

  28. Why Two Servants? • Both servants are carrying out God's plan of redemption on earth • Isaiah is a book re: judgement of God's 1st servant (Jacob); • Intermixed is description of 2nd servant (who completes the task) • You can't sell this message easily to an unbelieving Jew because the key to interpreting is the NT.

  29. Background: writing 700’s bc., in Judah, predicting N.,S., conquests Ch.4:1 Break: “The last days” 1-8 = millenial kingdom 9 Jews need a king to usher this in (ie., Christ) 10 Going to Babylon first 4:11—5:1 returns to last days discussion and war 5:1 “Muster” means get ready to fight; “smite judge” is enemy’s plan 5:2—5 this is when the promised king will arrive leads to victory v.3 “she in labor” is Israel (c.4:10) distressed until arrival of King v.3 “his bretheren” = messiah’s brethren v.4 “they will remain” = reversal of v.3a “He will give them up...” cf.Zech.12:10 “they will look on him whom they have pierced” at 2nd advent APPLICATION OF PASSAGE: Comes from Bethlehem; (Mt.2:6) Clearly teaching a pre—existence to birth; CONCL: more than human! Contrasts his lowly emergence (Bethlehem) and beginnings (days of old) Micah 5

  30. Zech 9 • v.1—7 Predicts alexander’s conquest of Tyre (Ez.26) and Philistia. • v.8 predicts God providentially sparing Israel • History: Jews showed Alexander the Daniel prophecies regarding him, and be left them alone • Break at end of v.8 “Any more... • oppressors did pass thru after Alexander! eq., Romans • it’s because he’s “seen with my eyes. What did he see? v.9,10 • v.9 = humble, suffering servant • v.10 = the anticipated king which had been propbecied Mic.5:2; Is.9, etc • Jewish interpretation • They’ve always looked at this as messianic passage • these are 2 different pictures of Messiah • It depended on wether tbey’re sinful as a nation or not as to which one they get.

  31. v.4 Zech. asked to play role of shepherd other prophets having to play act: Isaiah naked 3 yrs; Hosaih married whore v.4—6 soon to be diaspora v.7 favor, Union interpreted speculatively union = internal unity favor = external protection v.8 Three shepherds = priest, propbet, king OT offices replaced by Shepherd OR: pbarisees, saducees, priests rejected him, he annihilated their offices 7 0ad v.9,10 Israel’s shepherd rejects them because tbey reject him (v.8) God temporarily suspended protection v.11,12 people watching his little play give him 30 pcs. of silver v.13 And indication the shepherd is God “I was valued”, yet Zech played it the potter = “Smelting Pot” (LXX) or “Low Class of people” (Feinberg) 30 pcs. = price of a slave gored to death (Ex.21:32) v.15 “foolish” or “worthless” shepherd, as contrasted to “good” one in v.4 Feinberg interprets as antichrist ie., since they rejected the one who did care for them, I’ll give them someon who doesn’t care for them Zech 11

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