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Antichrist and the End Times

Antichrist and the End Times

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Antichrist and the End Times

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  1. Antichrist and the End Times AET-031 and 032: The Second Coming and Yom Kippur AET-031 and 032

  2. Revelation Chapter 4 • 1. After these things I saw, and look, a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I had heard as a trumpet talking to me said: "Come up here, and I will show you what must happen after these things." • 2. Immediately I was in the Spirit, and look, there was a throne standing in heaven, and someone was sitting upon the throne. AET-031 and 032

  3. The Holy Festival's of Israel • THE HOLY FESTIVALS OF ISRAEL • MOEDIM HA'ELOHIM (G-D'S APPOINTED DAYS) • Recall from our studies of Passover and the Tabernacle that "Festival" or "Feast," in Hebrew, is hag or mo’ed, a "Set time" or "Appointed time."  • An appointed festival or feast is a "Holy convocation" or "Sacred assembly," meaning in Hebrew mikrah, a "Rehearsal" or a "Recital."  AET-031 and 032

  4. The Holy Festival's of Israel • THE HOLY FESTIVALS OF ISRAEL • Therefore, for Jews and non-Jews alike, all of the festivals and feasts appointed by God as rehearsals are for one purpose; to reveal the Messiah (Col. 2:16,17) and the completion of God’s Plan. AET-031 and 032

  5. The Feasts of Israel • The Torah details seven feasts which take place during the Hebrew calendar year: • Three feasts are in the spring, in the month of Nisan: Passover; the Feast of Unleavened Bread; and the Feast of First Fruits. Fifty days later there is a fourth feast, Shavout, or the Feast of Weeks, also known as Pentecost. AET-031 and 032

  6. The Feasts of Israel • There are three remaining feasts in the fall, in the month of Tishri: • the Feast of Trumpets; • the Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement); • and the Feast of Tabernacles. • (There are two Calendars of the Hebrew year: the civil year starts in the fall on the First of Tishri and the religious calendar starts in the spring in the month of Nisan.) AET-031 and 032

  7. The Holy Festival's of Israel • THE FORMER RAIN: SPRING FEASTS (Usually in the months of April-June) • Yeshua fulfilled the Spring feasts – Passover, Unleavened Bread and First Fruits, with His death and resurrection. • God sent the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) to indwell the hearts of believers on Shavuot (Pentecost), the last of the spring feasts. AET-031 and 032

  8. The Holy Festival's of Israel • The Spring Feasts show us the Messiah in His Priestly role as High Priest of Almighty God - making the True Sacrifice. • And the Fall Feasts reveal Messiah when He comes in His royal political role as the conquering King of Jerusalem, or Prince of Shalom/Peace. • And after the Judgment He will establish His Millennial Kingdom upon earth for a thousand years as the King of kings. AET-031 and 032

  9. The Holy Festival's of Israel • All the Spring Feasts were fulfilled at Christ's first coming, and on the exact day of the feast.  • All the Fall Feasts picture the second advent, and the Feast of Trumpets is the first of the fall feasts, picturing the rapture. AET-031 and 032

  10. The Feasts of Israel • Everything in the Torah (or the Pentateuch, the Five Books of Moses) has a prophetic as well as historical significance and merits our careful attention. • Jesus indicated this in Matthew 5:17: • Think not that I am come to destroy the Torah, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. AET-031 and 032

  11. Yom Kippur • Eschatologically, Yom Kippur represents the national restoration of Israel at the end of the Great Tribulation period, but it also is a reminder of the terrible cost of sin in our lives. • Sin is so offensive and the debt is so great that it took nothing less than the sacrifice of the Messiah Himself in order to secure our reconciliation with God. AET-031 and 032

  12. Yom Kippur • Just as Rosh Hashanah reveals the coming time of Judgment and the rapture of the Church of Christ (kehillat Mashiach), Yom Kippur prophetically pictures the Day of the LORD or the Day of Judgment in the last days [Acharit HaYamim]. • After the judgment of the nations during the Great Tribulation, national Israel will be fully restored to the LORD and their sins will be purged (see Matthew 24). AET-031 and 032

  13. Yom Kippur • "On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement..." -- Leviticus 23:27, • Jewish eschatology teaches that the Day of Atonement is the day in which the people of Israel are to be judged by God and the sins of the nation of Israel are atoned. • The Day of Atonement is also referred to as Yom HaPeduth, "the Day of Redemption" and Yom haDin, "the Day of Judgment". AET-031 and 032

  14. Yom Kippur • The people of Israel were instructed in Leviticus 23:32 to confess their sins to God for twenty-four hours prior to the Day of Atonement. • On this day, God would either grant or deny atonement for the coming year. AET-031 and 032

  15. Yom Kippur • YOM KIPPUR is the holiest day of the Jewish year, and provides prophetic insight into the Second Coming of Messiah (Mashiach), the restoration of national Israel, and the final judgment of the world. • It is also a day that reveals the High-Priestly work of the Mashiach Yeshua as our High Priest (Kohen Gadol) after the order of Malki-Tzedek (Hebrews 5:10, 6:20). • The biblical name for the day of Atonement is Yom Kippurim, meaning "The day of covering, canceling, pardon, reconciling." AET-031 and 032

  16. Yom Kippur • Remember from our study of the tabernacle, Yom Kippur was the only time when the High Priest could enter the Holy of Holies and call upon the Name of YHVH to offer blood sacrifice for the sins of the people by sprinkling the blood of the Lamb on the mercy seat. • This "Life for a life" principle is the foundation of the sacrificial system and marked the great day of intercession made by the High Priest on behalf of Israel AET-031 and 032

  17. Yom Kippur • In Rabbinic Judaism, Yom Kippur marks the climax of the ten day period of repentance called the Days of Awe or yamim nora’im. • In the Hebrew calendar, Erev Yom Kippur begins at nightfall on Tishri 9 and continues 25 hours through the next day until nightfall. • It is a day marked by complete fasting, prayer, and additional synagogue services. AET-031 and 032

  18. Yom Kippur • According to the Jewish sages, it was on Tishri 10 that Moses came down from Sinai bearing the second set of tablets, after God had forgiven Israel for worshipping the Golden Calf. • This explains why Orthodox Jews begin the season of Teshuvah beginning with Elul 1 and continue through to Tishri 10 -- for the 40 days that Moses was upon the mountain receiving the second set of tablets. AET-031 and 032

  19. Yom Kippur • Here we also find the first mention of the Book of Life (see Rosh HaShanah), when Moses asked to be stricken from "The Book you have written" if God would not make an atonement for his people (Exodus 32:32-3). • The willingness of Moses to be "Stricken from the book" on the people's behalf is a powerful image of the mediating role of Yeshua ha-Mashiach (Hebrews 9:15). AET-031 and 032

  20. Yom Kippur • Every year on Tishri 10 the Kohen Gadol [High Priest] would perform a special ceremony to purge defilement from the tabernacle (mishkan) or temple (Bet Ha-Mikdash) as well as from the people of Israel (see Leviticus 16 for the details). • In particular, in addition to the regular daily offerings, he would bring a bull and two goats as a special offering, and the bull would be sacrificed to purge the mishkan/temple from the defilements caused by misdeeds of the priests and their households (Leviticus 16:6). AET-031 and 032

  21. Yom Kippur • He would sprinkle the blood of the bull inside the veil of the Holy of Holies upon the kapporet ("Mercy Seat"). • Then he would draw lots and select one of the two goats to be a sin offering on behalf of the people. • This goat was designated L’Adonai - "To the LORD"). • He would likewise enter the Holy of Holies to sprinkle the blood of the goat upon the kapporet - the Mercy seat, between the cherubim. AET-031 and 032

  22. Yom Kippur • David exclaimed, "I will take refuge in the shadow of your wings..." (Psalm 57:1b).  Another psalmist concurred:  ["God] will cover you with his feathers, and under his wings you will find refuge..." (91:4ab).  • These wings refer to the wings of God’s cherubim, images of whom stood atop the atonement cover of the ancient ark of the covenant (Exo. 25:19; Heb. 9:5a).  AET-031 and 032

  23. Yom Kippur • "Their wings spread upward, overshadowing the [atonement] cover with them" (Exo. 25:20).  • God told Moses, "Here, above the [atonement] cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the Testimony, I will meet with you..." (25:22).  • With our faith in the Messiah’s blood atonement, we are overshadowed by God’s "Wings" (of His cherubim) and may take protective refuge under these wings, where He will commune with us until He returns again, in person, to reign. AET-031 and 032

  24. Yom Kippur • One day, on a Yom Kippur appointed in the future, Yeshua haMashiach (Jesus, the Christ) will return to earth again physically (Isa. 63:1-6; Zech. 14:3-5; Rev. 19:11-16, bringing with Him real, lasting peace.  • When He comes again, redemption then will be complete for those who have believed in and accepted His atonement for and removal of their sins by His death and resurrection.  AET-031 and 032

  25. Yom Kippur • He will "Sprinkle" many nations (Isa. 52:15), as well as the house of Israel (Ezek. 36:25), thereby cleansing them, just as the high priest in Israel sprinkled blood on the atonement cover to cleanse the people of their sins and as the Levites were sprinkled with water to make them ceremonially clean (Num. 8:6,7a).  • On that future Yom Kippur the world will come "Face to face" with God, in the physical, glorified form of the Lord Jesus.. AET-031 and 032

  26. Yom Kippur • 3) Finally, the High Priest would lay both hands upon the head of the second goat (designated "For Azazel") while confessing all of the transgressions of the people. • This goat was then driven away into the wilderness, carrying on it "All their iniquities unto a land not inhabited"(Leviticus 16:22). • According to the Talmud, a scarlet cord was tied around the neck of the scapegoat that was reported to have turned white as the goat was led away from city. AET-031 and 032

  27. Yom Kippur • While the High Priest performed these functions, the people would fast in eager anticipation of the outcome of the rituals. • After completing his tasks, the garments of the High Priest were covered with blood (Leviticus 6:27). • Only after this did the LORD accept the sacrifice. (according to one midrash, as the High Priest hung out his garments, a miracle took place and his garments turned from bloodstained crimson to white; see Isaiah 1:18). AET-031 and 032

  28. Yom Kippur • Jesus as Kohen HaGadol of the New Covenant • Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession, who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God's house. (Hebrews 3:1-2) AET-031 and 032

  29. Yom Kippur • The Importance of a Blood Sacrifice • In Leviticus 17:11 it is written: "For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it for you on the altar to atone (l’kapeir) for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement (y’khapheir) by the life." • One of the roles of Mashiach Yeshua (Jesus Christ) is that of Kohen HaGadol (High Priest) who offered true kapparah [atonement] for our sins by offering His own blood in the Holy of Holies made without hands. AET-031 and 032

  30. Yom Kippur • Hebrews 9:22: "Without the shedding of blood there is no remission." • Yeshua offered His own body up to be the perfect Sacrifice for sins. • By His shed blood we are given complete atonement before Adonai. • The Levitical system of animal sacrifices, including the elaborate Yom Kippur ritual, was meant to foreshadow the true and abiding Sacrifice of Yeshua as the means of our reconciliation with God. AET-031 and 032

  31. Yom Kippur • The Old Covenant(B’rit Yeshanah) provides a shadow of the substance revealed in the New Covenant (B’rit Chadashah). • If the old covenant had been sufficient to provide a permanent solution to the problem of our sin, there never would have been need for a new covenant to supercede it (Hebrews 8:7). AET-031 and 032

  32. Yom Kippur • Under the old covenant, sacrifices merely "Covered" sins, but under the new covenant, these sins are taken entirely away (Hebrews 7:27, 9:12, 9:25-28). • There is no more need for continual sacrifices, since Yeshua provided the once-and-for-all sacrifice for all of our sins (Hebrews 9:11-14; 9:24-28; 10:11-20). AET-031 and 032

  33. Yom Kippur • Indeed, Yeshua ha-Mashiach is the "Propitiation" or "Expiation" for our sins. • The Greek word used in Romans 3:25, 1 John 2:2, and 1 John 4:10 ("Hilasterion") is the same word used in the LXX for the kapporet [cover of the ark of the covenant] in the Holy of Holies which was sprinkled with the blood of the sacrifice on Yom Kippur. AET-031 and 032

  34. Yom Kippur • Hebrews 9:24-ff "For Messiah has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf. • Nor was it to offer himself repeatedly, as the high priest enters the holy places every year with blood not his own, for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world…" AET-031 and 032

  35. Yom Kippur • "But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself... • So Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him." (Hebrews 9:24-ff) • "For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified." (Hebrews 10:14) AET-031 and 032

  36. Yom Kippur • In three separate passages in the Torah, the Jewish people are told "The tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri) is the Day of Atonement. It shall be a sacred occasion for you: you shall afflict your souls." (Leviticus 16:29-34, Leviticus 23: 26-32, Numbers 29:7-11). • This is the only Holiday of the year where fasting is commanded by God. AET-031 and 032

  37. Yom Kippur • It is enlightening to note the sequence of this holiday in relation to the time of preparation (Elul) and the activities surrounding Rosh HaShanah leading up to Yom Kippur. • First God commands that we repent, or return to Him in earnestness of heart, and then He provides the means for reconciliation or atonement with Him. AET-031 and 032

  38. Yom Kippur • Since the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE, the Day of Atonement cannot be properly observed by the rabbis. • Without a proper place of sacrifice, there cannot be a sacrifice. • Without a sacrifice there cannot be atonement. • The first century rabbis made some substitutions that are supposed to provide for atonement, therefore the modern observance is very different than the ancient observance. AET-031 and 032

  39. Yom Kippur • Modern-day Observances of Yom Kippur • Though originally focused on the Kohen Gadol [High Priest], since the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD, Rabbinic tradition states that each individual Jew is supposed to focus on his personal avodah, or service to the LORD. • Most Yom Kippur prayers, therefore, revolve around the central theme of personal repentance and return. AET-031 and 032

  40. Yom Kippur • According to Halakhah, we must abstain from five forms of pleasures: • 1. Eating and drinking • 2. Washing and bathing • 3. Applying lotions or perfume • 4. Wearing leather shoes (a sign of luxury) • 5. Marital relations • Any form of melakha [work] is prohibited. AET-031 and 032

  41. Yom Kippur • In fact, Yom Kippur is called Shabbat Shabbaton, a Sabbath of Sabbaths. • According to the Jewish sages, performing any form of work (other than work required to save a life) is punishable by premature death. • This solidified in the minds of the Hebrews that the work was to be entirely God's responsibility, and not their own. AET-031 and 032

  42. Yom Kippur • By giving up the sensual pleasures of life and refraining from melakha, we are said to live for 25 hours as if we are dead. • Many men wear kittels - white burial robes - and white raiment, to remind them of their fate as mortals before God. AET-031 and 032

  43. Yom Kippur • The Meal before Yom Kippur • On Erev Yom Kippur, a special meal (seudah ha-mafseket) is usually prepared - the last meal before the Fast and eaten after the afternoon confessional service before sundown. • (The usual explanation for having confession before Yom Kippur is that in case you choke to death on a chicken bone, you will have at least asked for forgiveness before you died!) AET-031 and 032

  44. Yom Kippur • The Kapparot Ceremony • An old custom, called kapparot [atonements] is sometimes performed as a sort of "Scapegoat" ceremony. This custom was said to symbolically transfer a person’s sins to a rooster or hen. • After verses from Psalms and Job are recited, a live chicken is swung around the head three times, while the following declaration is made: "This fowl shall be in my stead, shall be my atonement, it shall go to death, so that I can attain a good life and peace." AET-031 and 032

  45. Yom Kippur • The purpose of the kapparot ceremony was to serve as a vicarious sacrifice in place of the sacrifices offered in the Temple which could no longer be practiced after the destruction of the Temple. • At any rate, the chicken was then slaughtered by a Rabbi and given to the poor for their Erev Yom Kippur meal (seudah ha-mafseket). • Today, many Orthodox Jews observe kapparot by simply giving tzedekah [charity] to the poor ('Tzedekah can avert the evil decree"). AET-031 and 032

  46. Yom Kippur • Some people also observe Erev Yom Kippur by going to the mikveh - the ritual bath - BAPTISM - to purify themselves before the Holy Day. • John 1:29 The next day John [the Baptist] saw Jesus coming to him and said, Look! There is the Lamb of God, Who takes away the sin of the world! • 35 Again the next day John was standing with two of his disciples, • 36 And he looked at Jesus as He walked along, and said, Look! There is the Lamb of God! AET-031 and 032

  47. Yom Kippur • "We will be helped in our comprehension of John’s gospel if we can identify with these first believers and see events through their eyes. • Observe the pattern of God’s working in the lives of Jesus’ disciples. His earliest followers had been disciples of John the Baptist. As such, they had accompanied him as he baptized and taught along the Jordan Valley. AET-031 and 032

  48. Yom Kippur • The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. (1:29–30) • Again the next day … John stood, and two of his disciples; And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God! (1:35–36) • These statements were made some time after the actual baptism of Jesus by John in the Jordan. AET-031 and 032

  49. Yom Kippur • Evidence of this is the fact that John speaks of the event in the past tense and also because the forty days of temptation experienced by Jesus were entered upon immediately following His baptism. • One can safely conclude that some time had elapsed between the baptism and the disciples’ encounter with Christ. What took place during this interval? John himself explains it. “This is he of whom I said …” We can be very sure that John, who was specifically sent to prepare the way for the Messiah, was instructing his followers in the identification of the Anointed One. AET-031 and 032

  50. Yom Kippur • Andrew and his companion seem to have turned to Jesus and followed Him in a natural act of transition resulting from this preparation. How, we may ask, had he gone about preparing them? Obviously through acquainting them with the messianic prophecies of the Old Testament. The mystical air that dominates the thinking of some in regard to Jesus’ first contacts with His disciples is not substantiated. AET-031 and 032