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Original Power Point By Chris Reeves

Original Power Point By Chris Reeves

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Original Power Point By Chris Reeves

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  1. Original Power PointBy Chris Reeves Additions to the original By Jack Wheeler Clovis Ca. Email: jack@powerpointstojesus.com

  2. Book of Jeremiah Prepared by Chris Reeves * Winter Quarter 2004

  3. Historical Background to Jeremiah • National History • Israel had already fallen to Assyria in 722 B.C. • Material prosperity led to religious apostasy, political, moral and social decay, indifference and forgetting God; idolatry was rampant (1:16) • Judah holds awhile longer because of the righteous reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah. Hezekiah’s reforms were short-lived. The wicked kings Manasseh and Amon led God’s people back into sin and idolatry • It is now the “midnight hour” for Judah (3:11). Jeremiah is God’s spokesman in the last 40 years of Judah’s history; its darkest days

  4. Historical Background to Jeremiah • NationalHistory • Josiah’s reforms (about 9 in all) failed to produce a real change of heart, and did not completely eradicated the sins of the people (2 K. 23:26; 24:3; Jer. 3:6-10; 15:4). Thus, Judah was destined for judgment (Jer. 7:23-24; 8:11) • Jeremiah lived in perilous times (Jer. 16:1-4). The princes, priests, prophets and people were corrupt (1:18; 2:26; 4:9; 5:31; 14:13-16) • Background in 2 Kings 22-25; 2 Chron. 34-36; Jeremiah is mentioned by name in 2 Chron. 35:25; 36:11-12,21,22; Ezra 1:1; Dan. 9:2; and Matt. 2:17; 16:14; 27:9

  5. Historical Background to Jeremiah • International History • Assyria and Egypt had been the main threat to Judah in recent times (Jer. 2:18,36) • Assyria experienced rapid decline during the reign of Josiah. Assurbanipal, the last ruler of the Assyrian Empire, died the year Jeremiah began his work, 627 B.C. • Babylonia was struggling with Assyria for her independence. Babylon finally conquered Asshur in 614 B.C., Nineveh in 612 B.C., and Haran in 610 B.C.

  6. Historical Background to Jeremiah • International History • Egypt controlled Palestine from 609 to 605 B.C. Pharaoh Neco fought with Josiah in Megiddo in 609 B.C. (2 Chron. 35:20-25)

  7. Historical Background to Jeremiah • International History • Egypt challenged Babylon’s power in the battle of Carchemish, but was defeated in 605 B.C. (Jer. 46:2,13) • Babylon controlled Palestine from 605 B.C. to 539 B.C. Babylon was used by God to punish Judah (“Babylon” mentioned 143 times in Jeremiah!)

  8. Kings and Kingdoms in Jeremiah * = Shallum in Jer. 22:11; reigned 3 months ** = Coniah in Jer. 22:24; reign 3 months

  9. The Last Kings of Judahruling in the days of Jeremiah(1 Chronicles 3:14-17) Josiah 640-609 B.C. (2 Kings 22:1) Zedekiah 597-586 B.C. (2 Kings 24:18) Jehoiakim 609-598 B.C. (2 Kings 23:36) Jehoahaz 609 B.C. (2 Kings 23:31) Jehoiachin 598-597 B.C. (2 Kings 24:8)

  10. Josiah and Jeremiah2 Kings 22-23 and 2 Chronicles 34-35 • Eighth year, 632 B.C. - Josiah began to seek Jehovah (2 Chron. 34:3) • Twelfth year, 628 B.C. - Josiah began to purge idolatry (2 Chron. 34:3) • Thirteenth year, 627 B.C. - Jeremiah began his work (Jer. 1:2) • Eighteenth year, 622 B.C. - Hilkiah book of the law found (2 Chron. 34:15) Verse changed

  11. Key Locations in the Book of Jeremiah Damascus (Jer. 49:23) Assyria (Jer. 50:17) Carchemish Tyre / Sidon (Jer. 47:4) Israel (Jer. 2:3) Medes (Jer. 51:11) Judah (Jer. 1:3) Elam (Jer. 49:34) Philistia (Jer. 47:1) Babylon (Jer. 50:1) Moab (Jer. 48:1) Ammon (Jer. 49:1) Arabia (Jer. 25:24) Edom (Jer. 49:7) Egypt (Jer. 46:2) Kedar (Jer. 49:28)

  12. Fall of Major Nations in Jeremiah

  13. Babylonian Captivity * Years of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar

  14. Jeremiah in the New Testament

  15. Jeremiah’s Messiah in the New Testament

  16. “Jeremiah or one of the prophets…”Matthew 16:14Comparisons Between Jeremiah and Jesus • Both preached to a Jerusalem, and in a temple on the verge of destruction • Both had a message for Judah and the world • Both came from godly ancestry, and grew up in a village town • Both were conscious of their call fro God, and knew their place in God’s plan from their youth up • Both preached in the temple to hypocritical worshippers • Both foretold the destruction of the temple • Both enjoyed open fellowship with God

  17. Comparisons Between Jeremiah and Jesus continued • Both were accused of treason • Both were tried, persecuted and imprisoned • Both lived unmarried • Both did not write down their message • Both were tender-hearted, loved Judah deeply, and wept for their people • Both forcefully condemned the religious leaders of their day • Both were rejected by their own kin; lonely and rejected messengers of God

  18. 6th Century B.C.and21st Century A.D. • A time of deep sin; apostasy and hypocrisy abound • Balance of power among nations changes • Alliances change from decade to decade • God’s faithful are in a lonely minority • Destinies of peoples are in the hands of God • Religious people are hypocritical

  19. Our First - Jeremiah for Today • The importance of responding to God’s call with boldness (Jer. 1:4-8; Eph. 6:19) • Genuine religion vs. the outward show of religion (Jer. 2:8; 7:4-11; 23:9-17; 2 Tim. 3:5) • The true God vs. idols (Jer. 10:1-4) Guard against idols (1 Jn. 5:21) • God keeps his word (Jer. 29:10). God’s word is reliable (Dan. 9:2) • God is sovereign; in control of the nations (Jer. 18:7-8; Rev. 17:17).

  20. Jeremiah for Today • The godly suffer persecution (Jer. 1:19; 2 Tim. 3:12) • A nation will suffer for its sins (Jer. 39:1; Prov 14:34; Isa 60:12) • The ugliness of sin, disobedience and rebellion (Jer. 2-7; Rom. 6:23) • God is absolutely pure, holy and righteous (Jer. 12:1; Heb. 10:31; 12:29) • Mankind can repent and enjoy the blessings of restoration (Jer. 30-33; Lk. 15)

  21. Jeremiah Authorship • Jeremiah does not arrange his material in chronological order, but in topical order: • Call of Jeremiah (1) • Prophecies of doom (2-29) • Prophecies of hope (30-33) • Siege and fall of Jerusalem (34-39) • Post Jerusalem fall (40-45) • Prophecies to foreign nations (46-51) • Fall of Jerusalem (52)

  22. Jeremiah Outlined – Another Author • Jeremiah and Judah (1-45) • Call of Jeremiah (1) • Condemnation of Judah (2-25) • Conflicts of Jeremiah (26-29) • Consolation of Judah (30-33) • Capture of Judah (34-45) • Jeremiah and the Gentiles (46-51) • Jeremiah and Jerusalem (52) • Capture of Jerusalem (52:1-11) • Destruction of Jerusalem (52:12-23) • Exile of Jerusalem (52:24-30) • Liberation of Jehoiachin (52:31-34)