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Introduction to Computer Ethics. Computer ethics defined (1). The ethical questions that arise as a consequence of the development and deployment of computing technologies. This involves: clarifying the issues & problems developing a framework for their resolution Johnson & Nissenbaum.
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Computer ethics defined (1) • The ethical questions that arise as a consequence of the development and deployment of computing technologies. This involves: • clarifying the issues & problems • developing a framework for their resolution Johnson & Nissenbaum
Computer ethics defined (2) • The analysis of the nature and social impact of computer technology and the corresponding formulation and justification of policies for the ethical use of such technology James Moor
Computer ethics defined (3) • Computer ethics examines the impact of computers on our social, legal, and moral systems … Tavani
The uniqueness of the computer • It plays a defining role in the world • It has expanded capabilities • And provides expanded possibilities • It has created new entities • The scale of computer-dependent activities is greater than ever because of its: • Speed • Scope • Ability to store & manipulate large amounts of data • Ability to perform complex calculations
The uniqueness of computer ethics? • Consider some examples of the impact of this unique technology: • Privacy issues • Intellectual property issues • Workplace issues • Effects of malfunctions
Deborah Johnson New species have special features and…if we simply treat them as the same as other familiar cases we may fail to recognize how the new features change the situation in morally significant ways.
James Moor The logical malleability & informational enrichment capabilities of computers give rise to policy vacuums caused by conceptual muddles.
Computer ethics as a field of professional ethics • Most professions promote standards for acceptable behavior. What special responsibilities do computer professionals have?
Computer ethics as a field of philosophical ethics • Johnson • New species of old problems • Moor • Filling ethical policy vacuums • Brey • Disclosive ethics
Ethical Hacking • Independent computer security Professionals breaking into the computer systems. • Neither damage the target systems nor steal information. • Evaluate target systems security and report back to owners about the vulnerabilities found.
Ethical Hackers but not Criminal Hackers • Completely trustworthy. • Strong programming and computer networking skills. • Learn about the system and trying to find its weaknesses. • Techniques of Criminal hackers-Detection-Prevention. • Published research papers or released security software. • No Ex-hackers.