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Sleep Problems

Sleep Problems

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Sleep Problems

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  1. SleepProblems

  2. Evenwhenweneedsleep, wemayhavetroublegettingsleepor sleeping soundly. Whenthesetroubleslastforlongperiods of time orbecomeserious, they are consideredtobesleepproblems. INSOMNIA Insomniaistheinabilitytosleep. Theword comes fromtheLatin in-meaning “not”, and somnus, meaning “sleep”. Themostcommontype of insomniaisdifficultyfallingasleep.

  3. Formanypeople, insomnia comes and goes, increasingduringperiods of anxietyortension and decreasingordisappearingduringlessstressingperiods. Somepeople use sleeping pillsto cope withinsomnia, butmanypsychologistsbelievethatthesafest, simplest, mosteffectivewaystoovercomeinsomnia do notinvolvemedication.

  4. TechniquesforpeoplewithInsomnia • Tense themuscles, one at the time, thenletthetensiongo, thishelps relax thebody. • Avoidworrying in bed, ifworryingpersists, get up for a while. • Establish a regular routine, particularlyforgetting up and goingtosleepeachday. • Use pleasantimagesordaydreamsto relax.

  5. Nightmares and nightterrors Youhaveprobablyexperiencedoneor more nightmares in yourlifetime. Commonnightmaresinvolvesnakesormurderers. Nightmares, likemostotherdreams , are generallyproducts of REM sleep

  6. They are alsocalledslepterrors, they are similar but more severethannightmares. Dreamerswithnightterrorsfeeltheirheartsracing and theygaspfor air. Theymaysuddenlysit up, talkincoherently, they do notfullywake up, in themorningtheymightrecall a feelingoranimagefromthenight terror. Nightterrorsdifferfromnightmaresbecausetheytendtooccurduringsleepstages (3 and 4) and nightmaresoccurrduring REM sleep.

  7. Sleepwaking Manychildrenwalk in theirsleep. Sleepwalkersmayroamaboutalmostnightlyduringstages of deepsleep, theymayrespondtoquestionswhilethey are up, buttheydon´trememberwhattheysaidordid. Contrarytothemyth, thereis no evidencethatsleepwalkersbecomeviolentorupsetifthey are awakened.

  8. Sleep Apnea Weallhaveoccasional apneas, orinterruptions in breathing. Sleep apnea occursduringsleep. Peoplewithsleep apnea do notautomaticallystartbreathingagainuntiltheysit up and gaspfor air, once theybeginbreathingagain, theyfall back asleep. Sleep apneas occurwhen a person´s air passages are blocked, thusthey are sometimesaccompaniedbysnoring. About 10 millionAmericanshave apnea and itisassociatedwithobesity and snoring.

  9. narcolepsy Narcolepsyis a raresleepproblem in whichpeoplesuddenlyfallasleep no matterwhat time itisorwherethey are. One minute they are awake, thenexttheirmuscles are completlyrelaxed and they are in REM sleep. Drugtherapy and frequentnapshavebeenusedtotreatnarcolepsy. Althoughpeopleusuallyawakenfromanepisode of narcolepsyfeelingrefreshed, suchepisodesmaybedangerous, forexampletheymayoccurwhen a personisdrivingoroperating heavy machinery, no oneknowswhat causes narcolepsy, itisbelievedtobe a geneticdisorder.