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Physical Activity for Life

Physical Activity for Life

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Physical Activity for Life

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  1. Physical Activity for Life Chapter 4

  2. Objectives • Understand the importance of regular physical activity for enhancing and maintaining personal health throughout the life span. • Examine the effects of regular physical activity on body systems. • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention • Discover ways to incorporate physical activity into daily life

  3. Chapter 4 Lesson 1Physical Activity and Your Health

  4. Physical Activity and Your Health • Whatever you preference, regular physical activity enhances your health. • Physical Activity – any form of movement that cause the body to use energy. • Physical Fitness – the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.

  5. Benefits to Physical Health • Physical activity makes your body stronger, increases your energy, and improves posture. • Cardiovascular system – physical activity strengthens the heart muscle, allowing it to pump blood more efficiently. • Respiratory System – Physical activity makes the respiratory system work more efficiently by breathing in larger amounts of air. • Nervous System – Physical activity helps you to respond more quickly to stimuli, improving reaction time.

  6. Benefits to Mental/Emotional Health • It can help to reduce stress. • Allow you to manage anger in a healthy way. • Help you look and feel better to increase self-confidence. • Give you a sense of pride and accomplishment in taking care of yourself. • Reduce mental fatigue by bring more oxygen to the brain.

  7. Benefits of Social Health • Building self-confidence which helps you cope better in social situations, such as meeting new people. • Giving you the opportunity to interact and cooperate with others. • Helping you manage stress which can enhance relationships with others.

  8. Risks of Physical Inactivity • More that 1 in 3 teens do NOT participate regularly in vigorous physical activity. • Vigorous physical activity declines significantly during the teen years, from 73% of 9th grades to 61% of 12th graders. • Only 29% of teens attend a daily physical education class.

  9. Risks of Physical Inactivity • Sedentary lifestyle – a way of life that involves little physical activity. • May spend time watching TV, playing video games, or working on the computer rather then being physically active. • This will lead to negative affects on your health.

  10. Risks of Physical Inactivity • Diabetes – a disorder that prevents the body from converting food into energy. • Unhealthful weight gain, which is linked to cardiovascular disease. • Osteoporosis – condition characterized by a decrease in bone density , producing porous and fragile bones.

  11. Approaches to Everyday Activities • Instead of…. • Playing video or computer games. • Getting a ride to a friends house. • Using a shopping cart. • Watching TV or taking a nap. • Taking the car to the car wash. • Try… • Playing soccer, basketball, tennis. • Walking, skating, or ride a bike. • Carry groceries to car. • Gardening or mowing the lawn. • Wash the car yourself or for your parents.

  12. How Ironic?! • Instead of taking the escalator or elevator • Try…walking the steps!

  13. Physical Activity and Weight Control • Metabolism – the process by which your body gets energy from food. • Food’s energy is measured in heat units called calories. • When you are physically active your metabolism rises and your body will burn more calories.

  14. Fitting Physical Activity into Your Life • Health professionals recommend 60 minutes of physical activity each day. • Examples: walking, biking, pick-up games with friends, hiking, swimming, bowling, golfing, and tennis are just a few examples of activities.

  15. Small Group Activity: Promote the Benefits of Physical Activity p.76 • In this activity you will think of ways that different activities benefit all three parts of the health triangle. Then you’ll choose an activity and create a plan to try it out.

  16. Lesson 1 Review Questions • What is the difference between physical activity and physical fitness? • Examine and briefly describe the effects of regular physical activity on 3 body systems. • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention.