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Causes of the War

Causes of the War

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Causes of the War

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  1. Causesof theWar

  2. Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers: Central Powers:

  3. Europe in 1914

  4. 2. Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s.

  5. 3. Economic & Imperial Rivalries

  6. 4. Aggressive Nationalism

  7. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The“Powder Keg”of Europe

  8. The“Spark”

  9. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family

  10. The Assassination: Sarajevo

  11. The Assassin: GavriloPrincip

  12. Who’s To Blame?

  13. The Schlieffen Plan

  14. German Atrocities in Belgium

  15. Recruitment Posters

  16. Womenand theWarEffort

  17. Financing the War

  18. For Recruitment

  19. Munitions Workers

  20. French Women Factory Workers

  21. German Women Factory Workers

  22. Working in the Fields

  23. A Woman Ambulance Driver

  24. Red Cross Nurses

  25. Women in the Army Auxiliary

  26. Russian Women Soldiers

  27. Spies • “Mata Hari” • Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide Zelle • German Spy!

  28. Posters:WartimePropaganda

  29. Australian Poster

  30. American Poster

  31. Financing the War

  32. German Poster

  33. The Western Front: A “War of Attrition”

  34. A Multi-Front War

  35. Verdun – February, 1916 • German offensive. • Each side had 500,000 casualties.

  36. The Somme – July, 1916 • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day. • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.

  37. War IsHELL !!

  38. Sacrifices in War

  39. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun

  40. Germany’s Advance: Aug 1914

  41. The Allies Advance: Sept 1914

  42. Trench Warfare

  43. Trench Warfare • Both sides began to construct deep trenches protected by machine guns & barbed wire. • Parallel lines of trenches soon stretched from the English Channel to Switzerland • Opposing forces were only separated by 25m in some areas. • Trench warfare dominated the battlefields of WWI.

  44. No-Man's Land • The space between the trenches was called "No-man's Land" because it did not belong to either side. • Most of the time the soldiers could only peep at it through tiny holes in defences. It was a horrible sight with dead bodies stuck in the barbed wire, broken trees and big holes caused by explosions.