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ELEMENTS OF ART Beginning Drawing NOTES

ELEMENTS OF ART Beginning Drawing NOTES

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ELEMENTS OF ART Beginning Drawing NOTES

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  1. ELEMENTS OF ARTBeginning Drawing NOTES The basic elements of art are: • LINE:mark made with a moving pointed tool • SHAPE:a two dimensional area defined in some way • FORM:is any object that has 3 dimensions ( length, width, and depth) • VALUE:element of art that shows how dark or light something is. • TEXTURE:visual patterns that make you think how the image would feel if it was actually touched( actual: you can actually feel it, invented: made up, simulated: a drawing of a rabbit, a painting of the sand dunes etc.) • COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light:

  2. LINE • There are 5 basic types of lines-> Vertical( static, elegant , stiff), horizontal(calm, peace, relaxation), diagonal(motion, unstable), curved( feminine, elegance, softness, gradual motion) and zigzag( crazy, chaotic, unpredictable, sudden movement). • There are other lines often used in the process of learning how to draw • Implied: series of dots that the viewer connects • Outline: show only the outside line of an object • CALLIGRAPHY : beautiful handwriting. Lines that go from thick to thin or thin to thick in one stroke • Contour: show the outline and some surface and ridges around the object. • Gesture: drawn quickly , there are no details, usually used in timed activities and generally shows movement.

  3. PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN:The choice or arrangement of elements of art in an artwork • BALANCE: concerned with equalizing elements/forces/objects in art. It can be informal or formal ( asymmetrical/symmetrical and radial )Balanced work looks like the elements are arranged in a satisfying way. • CONTRAST: ability to create a focal point by using differences in elements • EMPHASIS: principle of art that makes one part of a work more dominant over the other • MOVEMENT: created by the look and feel of action and to guide the viewer’s eyes throughout the work of art • PATTERN: decorative and visual repetition • RHYTHM: Its created by repeating positive shapes, separated by negative shapes/spaces. Indicates MOVEMENT by REPETITION • UNITY: the quality of “wholeness” or “oneness” that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of art. Unity is created by simplicity, repetition and proximity • PROPORTION: Concerned with the size relationships of one part to another. • HARMONY: Creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts. • VARIETY: differences, and contrasts, making everything NOT the same

  4. SHAPE • Two dimensional area defined in some way • Free-form : irregular and uneven • Geometric: can be defined using a math formula • Organic: those created by or found in nature. • Positive space/shape: The object itself • Negative space/shape: the shapes or spaces around the item being drawn

  5. FORM • 3Dimensional object ( length, width, and depth) • In visual arts a drawing of a 3Dimensional object can be obtained by using various shading technique to create a range of values. • VALUE: how dark or light something is. • VALUE CHART: organized arrangement of lights to dark or dark to light • SHADING TECHINQUES:HATCHING: (small diagonal parallel lies, layering and overlapping), crosshatching( Same as hatching but criss crossing the direction of the lines), stippling/pointillism (little dots applied in layers, somewhat randomly placed), blending: (applying layers of values, and smoothing them with blending utensils) SCRIBBLING: shading with scribbles, layering values • TINT: when you combine White and a color ALWAYS adding the color TO the white • SHADE: color combined with black

  6. STILL LIFE • COMPOSITION: the way an artist arranges the items in their art work • Thumbnail sketches: small sketches with different views to help select a final composition • View finder: a window-like gadget that helps select an interesting composition by zooming in or out.

  7. COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light • HUE: the NAME of a color in the color wheel • PRIMARY COLORS: red, yellow, blue • SECONDARY: you create them by mixing 2 primary colors ( R+Y=O, B+Y=G, B+R=V) • TERTIARY: Adding more of one of the primary colors to an already mixed secondary ( RedViolet, RedOrange, YellowGreen, YellowOrange, etc) • COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected

  8. COLOR cont…. • TINT: when you combine color and white. You MUST always add color TO the white. • TONE: When you add black and white ( gray) to a color • SHADE: When you combine a color with black. (black can be overpowering so use a little amount at once) • PRIMARY, SECONDARY, TERTIARY add up to how many colors are there in the color wheel?