Contents • Description • Formation • Extreme fjords
Description Once on the fjords of Norway, you can be sure that every moment of your stay here will be special. Inspiring ... incredible ... breathtaking spirit ... fantastic ... if you find a word to describe the fjords of Norway? What is a fjord? It bays in the rocks of glacial origin, formed millions ofyears ago as a result of melting and movement of glaciers. Each fjord is different unique landscape and the color of water.
In the world of the most famous four fordovyh area, located on the west coast of Norway, Chile, South Island of New Zealand and North America from the Gulf of Puget Sound (pcs Washington) to Alaska. Fjords are also available on the shores of Scotland, Iceland, Greenland, Peninsula Labrador, the state of Maine (USA) and some Arctic islands.
Due to its beauty and picturesque - from the water's towering cliffs, covered with dense vegetation, mountains, snow-capped peaks - fjords have earned interest from tourists all over the world.
Formation • Fjords are formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. • Many such valleys were formed during the recent ice age. • Glacial melting is accompanied by rebound of Earth's crust as the ice load and eroded sediment is removed. • In some cases this rebound is faster than sea level rise. • Most fjords are deeper than the adjacent sea; Sognefjord, Norway, reaches as much as 1,300 m below sea level.
Extreme fjords • The longest fjords in the world are: Scoresby Sund in Greenland - 350 km (217 mi) Sognefjord in Norway - 203 km (126 mi) Limfjorden in Denmark - 180 km (112 mi) Hardangerfjord in Norway - 179 km (111 mi) • Deep fjords include: Skelton Inlet in Antarctica - 1,933 m (6,342 ft) Sognefjord in Norway - 1,308 m (4,291 ft) (the mountains then rise to up to 1,000 m (3,281 ft)) Messier Channel in Chile - 1,288 m (4,226 ft) • Even deeper is the Vanderford Valley (2,287 m (7,503 ft)), carved by Antarctica's Vanderford Glacier. This undersea valley lies offshore, however, and so is not a fjord.
Sognefjord in Norway, one of the longest in the world Killary Harbour, western Ireland
Tysfjord in Norway north of the Arctic circle is located in the boreal zone New Zealand's Milford Sound