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21 st Century Workforce Changes

21 st Century Workforce Changes

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21 st Century Workforce Changes

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  1. 21st Century Workforce Changes Why Student Planning is So Important! Developed by: The N Region Career Resource Coordinator Program

  2. Workforce Terms • Changing (USA) • Surplus • Outsourcing • Insourcing • Mobile • Informing/Wireless

  3. Changing Labor Force (USA) • Aging • 77 million baby boomers retiring before 2030 • By 2015, 19% of workforce will be over 55 yrs. • Diverse • More racially and ethnically diverse • 40% of U.S. population growth due to immigration

  4. Surplus • World supply of highly skilled and relatively low pay workers is increasing • China has 220 million “surplus” workers (U.S. has 140 million workers) • Professionals available on world market in wide range of fields for a fraction of the cost of U.S. professionals

  5. Surplus • Example: • 2005 College Graduates • China – 3.3 million • India – 3.1 million • U.S. – 1.3 million • Engineering Graduates in 2005 • China – 600,000 • India – 350,000 • U.S. – 70,000

  6. Outsourcing • Outsourcing is utilizing experts from outside the business to perform specific tasks that the business once performed itself, often for reasons of lowering costs and efficient use of labor.

  7. Insourcing • Subcontracting or bringing in specialists to fill temporary needs. • Foreign industries opening a plant in the U.S. (ex. Nissan, LM Glasfiber) • A business decision that is often made to maintain control of certain critical production or competencies.

  8. Mobile • Workers less likely to spend the major portion of their career with a single employer. • Employees (students) need skills marketable to a variety of employers rather than employer-specific training. • Employers may not invest in worker training if that training will make their employees more attractive to other companies.

  9. Informing/Wireless • Informing: the internet is the personal supply chain of knowledge. • Wireless: • collaboration is mobile and personal. • Employees available to the world’s employers without moving.

  10. Demand for Highly Skilled Workforce • Technical • Operate & repair equipment • Develop & install software • Build & monitor networks

  11. Demand for Highly Skilled Workforce • High Performance • Analytical • Problem-solving • Communication skills • Generating & conveying knowledge • Lifelong learners

  12. “Because technology makes simple tasks easier, it places a burden on higher level skills” enGauge 21st Century Skills

  13. “The illiterate of the 21st Century will not be those who cannot read or write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” Alvin Toffler, Futurist & Author

  14. 80% of the fastest growing jobs in the US require some sort of education after high school. ** Educational attainment (years of schooling) does not necessarily equate with skills that workers need.**

  15. Who will pay the highest wages? Employers & industries that are technologically creative frontiers. (Like IPod) These industries need the best-educated, most creative workers.

  16. Best jobs of the 21st Century Students need to know it’s important to consider picking a career that will be in high demand in the future and will afford them the lifestyle they want without creating credit or debt problems.

  17. Best jobs of the 21st Century Healthcare • Administration • Nursing • Physical health • Dentistry • Mental health

  18. Best jobs of the 21st Century Technology • Biotechnology • Engineering • Information Technology • New Technologies (nanotechnology,…)

  19. Best jobs of the 21st Century Business & Professional Services • Financial Services (Banking, Securities, Accting.) • Human Resources • Law • Communications • Public Relations • Sale & Marketing • Food Services

  20. Worst jobs of the 21st Century • Manufacturing (Manufacturing is actually growing in ND.) • Journalism • Radio Announcers • Travel Agent Forbes.com 10-09-2007 The workers at the highest risk are those at all skill levels who do routine work!

  21. Emerging High Demand Careers • Information broker • Job developer • Leisure consultant • Bionic Electron Tech. • Computational linguist • Fiber optic technician • Fusion engineer • Image consultant • Myotherapist • Relocation counselor • Retirement counselor • Robot technician • Space mechanic • Underwater archaeolog.

  22. How to help students plan for the 21st Century?

  23. First! Assist students in figuring out what is important to them: • Interests • Values • Skills/Strengths Their “Passions”

  24. The Career Outlook • Most commonly used career resource in ND • North Dakota Information • Career Exploration • Education & Training • Relevant High School Courses Interest and ability surveys are on pages 4,5,17 and 21.

  25. Guidance Central Or Bridges.com

  26. Assist them in finding their “Passion” in theirJob Choice – Yes “Choice” Next! Match interests and strengths (their passions) …to Career Clusters

  27. 16 Career Clusters National Model

  28. Each Career Cluster Has A Plan of Study

  29. A Plan of Study provides: • More occupations to think about • Suggested Classes • Other learning opportunities • Postsecondary programs to consider

  30. What is a Plan of Study? • Classes 9th grade through entering the job market • Academic Skills • Math, Science, Communication • Also • Career & Technical Education Classes • Computer Classes • Dual Credit/AP Classes

  31. Next!(or at the same time) Match chosen Career Clusters… …to jobs that are in demand and pay a good wage.

  32. ND Employment by Education Level Pro - $45,911 typical Unskilled – $19,501 typical Skilled - $31,221 typical Job Service North Dakota Employment Projections 2004-2014

  33. Let’s look at examples of Jobs(ND High Demand Jobs) Unskilled (36%) Annual Salary Food Service $12,600 – $15,200 Receptionist $15,300 – $23,700 Truck Driver $17,900 – $31,600 Construction Laborer $19,500 – $27,200 Retail Clerk $12,900 – $27,200 Nurse Assistant $ 17,600 - $23,200

  34. Let’s look at examples of Jobs(ND High Demand Jobs) Skilled (48%) Annual Salary Electric/Electronic Tech. $33,300 – $54,200 Dental Hygienist $46,100 – $57,200 Carpenter $22,600 – $34,100 Plumber $47,100 – $95,000 Nurse $33,400 – $54,200 Welder $23,200 – $39,100 Medical Sonographer $29,100 - $60,848

  35. Let’s look at examples of Jobs(ND High Demand Jobs) Professional (16%) Annual Salary Social Worker $29,500 – $43,500 Engineer $40,000 – $84,000 Teacher $26,000 – $39,300 Pharmacist $56,200 – $85,600 Architect $30,600 – $64,000 Business Manager $39,300 – $70,700

  36. Starting Pay forUncool, High-Paying Jobs Pharmacist 157,000 by 2020 $80,000 to $100,000 Nurse Anesthetist 13,000 by 2011 $80,000 to $95,000 Funeral Director 34,000 needed now up to $130,000

  37. Starting Pay forUncool, High-Paying Jobs Industrial Electrician 200,000 by 2011 Up to $70,000 Commercial Plumber/ 107,000 by 2011 Pipefitter $56,000 to $95,000+ HVAC Cannot find enough up to $80,000

  38. Conclusions 21st Century Workforce needs: • Technical Staff who operate & repair equipment, develop & install software, and build & monitor networks. • Higher level skills: analytical, problem-solving, communication, generating & conveying knowledge. • Lifelong workers

  39. Conclusions How to help students prepare: • Identify interests, strengths and values • Pick career cluster(s) that fit those passions • Follow a plan of study (updating often) • Choose careers within the cluster that are high demand & high wage.

  40. Questions/Comments???