history • Born in 1593 to well-known Roman artist, Orazio Gentileschi. • Followed Caravaggio’s use of putting dramatic events on a plain dark background. • Was a well-known artist in Florence by 1615. • Moved to Rome in 1620. Portrait of Artemisia Gentileschi, by an unknown artist, c. 1614-1620.
Gentileschi’s artwork • One of most famous artworks: • Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes • Focused on drama rather than the violence of killing. • Dark shadows, only candlelight, foreshortening of the women’s figures. Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, about 1625.
Gentileschi’s artwork • Another famous artwork: • Judith Beheading Holofernes • Notable for extreme violence. • Linked to her date rape by her painting instructor, Agostino Tassi, when she was 19. Judith Beheading Holofernes by Artemisia Gentileschi. (1612-21)
Baroque movement • Started in Rome in the 1600’s • Then spread to the rest of Europe • Lasted until 1750
Baroque movement • Took movement and emotion from the Mannerist style • Took grandeur and solidity from the Renaissance • Artists tried to show emotion, variety, movement, drama, richness, vitality, tension, and exuberance • Did this by appealing to the senses • Leading Baroque figure was Caravaggio • He was Gentileschi’s inspiration • Gentileschi featured people, high level of intensity and expression, violent, women getting revenge from men Judith Beheading Holofernes. Caravaggio. 1598.
What was happening? • 1612: John Smith drew the first detailed map of Virginia. • 1620: Mayflower lands at Cape Cod • 1650: Anne Bradstreet was the first published American woman writer. • 1700’s: First mention of playing Solitaire with cards.
Other facts • Well known for: • Being raped by instructor Agostino Tassi • Father brought suit against him for the rape • Trial lasted seven months and was highly publicized • Graphic depictions of paintings • Symbolic attempts to deal with the psychic pain from the rape • Paintings depict women getting revenge on men Hand of Artemisia Gentileschi by Pierre Dumonstier le Neveu, 1625.
summary • Most famous artworks: • Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes • Judith Beheading Holofernes • Involved in Baroque Movement • Baroque Movement: • Lasted from 1600 – 1750 • Started in Rome then spread to rest of Europe • Artists tried to show emotion, variety, movement, drama, richness, vitality, tension, and exuberance by appealing to the senses • Caravaggio was leading Baroque figure • Where Artemisia got her inspiration • Paintings featured women getting revenge on men • Probably from rape by painting instructor • Paintings also featured people, high intensity, and emotion • Put dramatic events on dark background
Quiz!!!! open note! Use complete sentences unless it says to list! • Where was Artemisia first a well-known artist? • List Gentileschi’s two famous artworks. • Who was Artemisia’s inspiration? • When did the Baroque Movement take place (year-year)? • What did the artists of the Baroque Movement try to show in their paintings, and what did they use to show these things? • What did most of Artemisia’s paintings depict and what event in her life inspired her to paint these scenes? • What two things are Artemisia well-known for? • Which well-known Roman artist was Artemisia’s father? • What is Judith Beheading Holofernes notable for? • List three things that were going on during the Baroque Movement.
bibliography • (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2006, from http://www.svreeland.com/judith-maids-candle.jpg • Brommer, Gerald F. (1997). Discovering Art History. Worcester, MA: Davis Publications, Inc. • Artemisia Gentileschi. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2006, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemisia_Gentileschi • Artemisia Gentileschi. (n.d.). Retrived November 13, 2006, from http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/gentileschi.html • The Life and Art of Artemisia Gentileschi. (n.d.). Retrieved November 13, 2006, from http://www.artemisia-gentileschi.com/index.shtml • Artemisia Gentileschi. (2000). Retrieved November 13, 2006, from http://library.thinkquest.org/C005470F/history/gentileschi.html • Art History: Baroque: (1600-1750). (n.d.). Retrieved November 13, 2006, from http://wwar.com/masters/movements/baroque.html • Baroque. (November 14, 2006). Retrieved November 14, 2006, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baroque • (n.d.). Retrieved November 14, 2006, from http://www.traveldocs.com/images/europe_b.jpg • Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da. (September 19, 2002). Retrieved November 14, 2006, from http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/caravaggio/judith.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/caravaggio/&h=788&w=1075&sz=109&hl=en&start=1&tbnid=3J4mDUU2E1yv-M:&tbnh=110&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3DCaravaggio%2527s%2BJudith%2BBeheading%2BHolofernes%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D • History of Games Timeline. (n.d.). Retrieved November 14, 2006, from http://www.historicgames.com/gamestimeline.html • The History Place: American Revolution. (1998). Retrieved November 15, 2006, from http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/rev-early.htm • Celebrity Trivia Collection. (n.d.). Retrieved November 15, 2006, from http://www.corsinet.com/trivia/1-triv.html • Tried to go back to this site but it didn’t work!!!! :S www.nationalgeographic.com/resources/ngo/education/chesapeake/voyage/ - 17k • Julie’s Genealogy: Mayflower. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2006, from http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~julieann/art/mayflower.jpg&imgrefurl=http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~julieann/Mayflower_Stephen_Hopkins.htm&h=280&w=445&sz=24&hl=en&start=3&tbnid=xlLyDw4Rk8KqjM:&tbnh=80&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmayflower%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D • The Life and Art of Artemisia Gentileschi. (1999-2005). Retrieved November 17, 2006, from http://www.artemisia-gentileschi.com/index.shtml