Nobel Laureates in Physics(1901-1975) www.flashcardsinppt.com
Wilhelm Röntgen 1901 for discovery of the Röntgenrays, commonly known as X-rays Germany
HendrikAntoon Lorentz 1902 for research into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena Netherlands
Pieter Zeeman 1902 for research into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena Netherlands
Antoine Henri Becquerel 1903 for discovery of spontaneous radioactivity France
Pierre Curie 1903 for research on the radiation phenomena discovered by Henri Becquerel France
Marie Curie 1903 for research on the radiation phenomena discovered by Henri Becquerel France
Lord Rayleigh 1904 for investigations of the densities of the most important gases and discovery of argon England
Philipp Lenard 1905 for his work on cathode rays Germany
J. J. Thomson 1906 for theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases Great Britain
Albert Abraham Michelson 1907 for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid U.S.A.
Gabriel Lippmann 1908 for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference France
Guglielmo Marconi 1909 for development of wireless telegraphy Italy
Karl Ferdinand Braun 1909 for development of wireless telegraphy Germany
Johannes van der Waals 1910 for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids Netherlands
Wilhelm Wien 1911 for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat Germany
GustafDalén 1912 for his invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys Sweden
Heike KamerlinghOnnes 1913 for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led to the production of liquid helium Netherlands
Max von Laue 1914 for discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals Germany
Sir William Henry Bragg 1915 for services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays England
Sir William Lawrence Bragg 1915 for services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays England
Charles Barkla 1917 for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements United Kingdom
Max Planck 1918 in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta Germany
Johannes Stark 1919 for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields Germany
Charles Édouard Guillaume 1920 in recognition of his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys Switzerland
Albert Einstein 1921 for his services to theoretical physics and discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect Germany
Niels Bohr 1922 for his investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them Denmark
Robert A. Millikan 1923 for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect U.S.A.
Manne Siegbahn 1924 for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy Sweden
James Franck 1925 for the discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom Germany
Gustav Ludwig Hertz 1925 for the discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom Germany
Jean Baptiste Perrin 1926 for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium France
Arthur Compton 1927 discovery of Compton effect—the scattered quanta have less energy than the quanta of the original ray U.S.A.
Charles Wilson 1927 for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour Scotland
Owen Richardson 1928 for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and discovery of the law named after him United Kingdom
for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons France Louis de Broglie 1929
Sir C. V. Raman 1930 for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him India
Werner Heisenberg 1932 for the creation of quantum mechanics, which has led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen Germany
Erwin Schrödinger 1933 discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory Austria
Paul Dirac 1933 discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory United Kingdom
Sir James Chadwick 1935 for the discovery of the neutron United Kingdom
Victor Francis Hess 1936 for his discovery of cosmic radiation Austria/U.S.A.
Carl David Anderson 1936 for the discovery of positron and muon U.S.A.
Clinton Davisson 1937 for discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals U.S.A.
Sir George Thomson 1937 for discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals England
Enrico Fermi 1938 for his demonstrations of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons Italy
Ernest Lawrence 1939 for the invention and development of the cyclotron, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements U.S.A.
Otto Stern 1943 for the development of the molecular ray method and discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton Germany
Isidor Isaac Rabi 1944 for creating resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei U.S.A.
Wolfgang Pauli 1945 for discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle Austria