October 21st, 2013 • Tests • Communication Notes What is one form of non-verbal communication? • Homework: • None. Rejoice.
What is communication? • You think you know, but you have no idea… • Put your name on the packet. • Do NOT lose this!
Why is public speaking important? • Speaking in public is often cited as the number one fear of people. The Book of Lists places the fear of death in fifth place while public speaking ranks first. Jerry Seinfeld said, "That would mean at a funeral, people are five times more likely to want to be in the casket than giving the eulogy."
But why is it important? • Recall moments in your life and/or moments from movies/TV where a person had to speak publicly. Think of at least five different circumstances that demand public speaking. • Write these on the front of the packet…
Verbal versus Non-Verbal What are some verbal forms of communication (with words)?
Verbal • Written- essays, newspapers, books, stories, etc. • Electronic- (plug-in or uses battery) TV, radios, emails, text, facebook • Public Speaking- lectures, speeches, toasts, etc. • Special Occasion- Plays, musicals, sporting events, comedians, concerts, etc.
Verbal • Interpersonal- communication between 2 people • Intrapersonal- communication with yourself- thinking, planning, praying, etc. • Small Group- 3-16 people • Persuasive- can fall in any category What percentage of communication does verbal represent?
Non-Verbal- the 93%- where does it come from? • Paralanguage- it’s not what you say, but HOW you say it- tone, emphasis, loudness/softness, tempo, etc. • Vocal cues- pausing, laughing, crying, giggling • Sign Language- hands and head signs replace words, letters, and numbers; waving hello, ASL, looks (rolling eyes) • Action Language- help emphasize or reveal personality or emotions (pointing, slouching, nodding, etc.)
Non-Verbal- the 93%- where does it come from? • Object Language- display of material things, objects, items (suit vs. t-shirt, art, pictures, books) • Tactile communication- hugging, handshake, kissing, shoving • Space and Time- meanings related to distance and time information is given or not given.
Seinfeld • Which forms of non-verbal communication are illustrated in this scene? One should be very obvious. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NGVSIkEi3mM
The Communication Process • It is a process which is ongoing and constantly changing!
October 22nd, 2013 • Journal • Communication notes continued Vocal Cues • Homework: • Bring independent reading books tomorrow. Which form of non-verbal communication involves laughing, giggling, crying, or pausing?
Another Louis C.K. Journal You have 3 tasks: • While watching, write down the multiple forms of non-verbal language displayed in the video. • Connect Louis CK’s thoughts on the cellphone to what you learned about non-verbal communication yesterday. Why is it so important for kids to learn to read non-verbals? • Overall, what are your thoughts on his discussion? Are cell phones this damaging to the youth of the world? Additionally, do you agree with his thoughts on sadness and happiness?
3 Levels of Communication • Cultural • very little information • Often not accurate • Person on the street, cashier, etc. • Sociological • More information, but not always accurate • Classmate, neighbor, etc. • Individual • Know the person very well • Best friend, parent, sibling, etc. Cultural Sociological Individual
THINGS THAT AFFECT COMMUNICATION Self-Concept Exclusion/ Inclusion Tech. Language External interference Reg. Language Internal Interference Listening Slang Language PERCEPTION
External and Internal Interference • External- anything on the outside that impairs communication (wind, music, darkness, etc.) • Internal- anything on the inside that impairs communication (sadness, sickness, fear, etc.)
October 23rd, 2013 • Finish notes Homework: • Space Invaders due Friday Which type of non-verbal language includes slouching, pointing, or nodding?
Perception- The Filter • Definition- the process by which you filter and interpret what your senses tell you so you can create a meaningful picture of the world. Process- Step 1: Sensing Something Step 2: Assigning meaning to it (interpret) Step 3: Meaningful picture of the world
Things that affect Perception-Physical Differences • We taste differently because we have different taste buds. • We see things differently because some are short while some are small. • Some of us hear things better or worse and so on…
Things that affect Perception-Different Backgrounds • Different race • Different culture • Different religion • Different region of the world
Things that affect Perception-Different Experiences • Growing up in the city versus the country • Going to college vs. going to the army • Getting married vs. staying single • Any others?
Things that affect Perception-Different Feelings (current feelings) • Not feeling well • Angry • Very happy • Any others?
Things that affect Perception-Different Circumstances (more based on economics) • Rich vs. Poor • Familiar vs. Strange Place • Public vs. Private School • Any others?
There are things that help communication…technical language Usually associated with a job, club, team, or organization. Truck Driver Lingo “Back down that linear” – reduce the transmissing power from the linear amplifier used for illegally creating a stronger transmitting signal“Bear in the air” – police doing speed enforcement from aircraft“With a customer” – police officer with someone pulled over“Gum ball machine” – rotating lights on police car“Got your ears on?” – is your radio on“Super slab” – multilane highway
There are things that help communication…regional language Where you are from affects the way you talk. Guess where these are from: Pop Soda Coke
There are things that help communication…slang language Whatever is popular at the time is often used to communicate Yo OBVI WHAT’S UP? FA SHO NM, U? YOLO CRAY CRAY
Quick (group) Quiz • Name the 3 levels of communication. • Draw the communication process. • Name 3 types of non-verbal communication (types, not examples) • Name 3 types of verbal communication • What percentage of communication does non-verbal occupy? Verbal?
Effective Speeches . . . • Any effective talk must do three things: • Communicate your ideas • Persuade your audience that you are right • Be interesting and entertaining
Turn to the person next to you • 7 seconds: What three things must an effective speech do?
Support • Your supporting material – examples and details – help to • Clarify • Prove • Make speech interesting • Make speech memorable
Guidelines For Delivery • Be natural • Be lively • Be appropriate • Pair delivery with message • How does a comedian deliver material? • How does a paleontologist deliver information?
Speech Notes Information to present: • Saturn Auras come in all different types and colors. • Some Auras have heated seats. • Many Auras come equipped with remote start. • Anyone who drives an Aura is totally awesome. • Auras are the wave of the future.
Vocal Variety • The purpose of vocal variety is to emphasize main points and to keep the audience interested throughout. It’s about NOT being monotone! TERMS: • Pitch: High or low • Pace/rate: Fast or slow • Volume: Loud or soft • Inflection: speaking with emotion, understanding, and emphasis • Eliminate filler statements such as “ums” and “ahs”
Eye Contact • The purpose of eye contact is to display confidence in your message, connect with your audience, create emotional appeal, and to emphasize main points. You should SPREAD your eye contact. Find a spot on the left, right, and middle to focus on and rotate around the room. Avoid looking down!
The purpose of pausing is to add emphasis and indicate transition Pauses
Body Language • The purpose of body language is to emphasize main points while not distracting from what you are saying. • Gestures: purposeful, planned, natural • Posture: erect; no rocking, swaying, or shifting weight; no leaning on podium • Eliminate fidgeting • Planned movement: walking • Professional use of notecards: no fidgeting
Dressing For Success! • Physical appearance or dress should not distract from the message! Some tips . . . • Hair: neatly styled; kept out of face • Attire: professional; ironed, coordinated (neutral solids such as black, gray, navy, or khaki work best). Suits are always the most appropriate. Khakis and a button down or nice sweater will suffice. NO JEANS! • Jewelry: Minimal; earrings should be small (no dangles); necklaces, watches, and bracelets should not be colorful, clashing, or distracting. • Fingernails: clear or polished, but no chips! • NO CHEWING GUM!
Controlling Nervousness • Be familiar with your topic • Practice with your note cards until you are comfortable • Practice in front of a mirror • Practice in front of other people
Your energy and enthusiasm level shows your audience whether or not you care about your topic. Energy and Enthusiasm
Why Use a Visual Aid? • To enhance understanding of the topic • To add authenticity • To add variety • To give your speech lasting impact • To help build ethos (speaker character credibility)
Types of Visual Aids • Sketches • Maps • Photos and pictures • Chalkboard/textual graphics • Posters • Objects or models • Souvenirs • Handouts • Films, videos, audio tapes, cd-rom
October 25th, 2013 • Turn in Space Invaders • Pick topics • Research notes Homework: • Reminder: Independent Reading Book projects due in a week! • 3 sources for your topic by Wednesday with research sheet filled out- You’ll get that sheet on Monday… TACTILE Which type of non-verbal language involves hugging, handshakes, or high fives?
Speech Skills Watch the speech. Tell us what he does well. Tell us what he does poorly. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UhV5RgcNJjE
The Entire Process- In a Nutshell Find information (research in library) Organize information (double entry notes) Organize it more (outline)
Researching in the Media Center or Lab Tomorrow, you’ll have the entire period to look up information on the topic of your choice. Today, we’ll go through the many steps it takes to get quality information.
Reliable Sources • You might be thinking to yourself: why do research in the media center when I have the internet??? • Good question. • Well, some sources aren’t reliable. • Reliable source: any source that comes from a reputable source (journal, database, book, etc.). • What’s not a reliable source? • Any random website • Wikipedia.com • Anything from Google.com, Yahoo.com- notice the .com
Where can I get information? • Source #1- Library books • Look up your topic on the library catalog. • Ask a librarian! They are bundles of knowledge! • Source #2- Research databases • On the media center webpage, go to “Research Databases.” • You have to log-in using your username and ID# • Then, you can use any of the databases there!
What steps do I need to take to get the right information? • Step #1- Do some basic research on your topic • Look up your topic on the internet (this is okay ONLY this time) to find out basic information on the topic. • Step #2- Find reliable sources on your topic • Look up your topic on the library or research databases. • Read articles or books about your topic. • Step #3- Write down important information • This is where you decide on what to do. • What do you find to be important? The above are the best databases.