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Radiographic Anatomy and Positioning of the Upper Extremity PowerPoint Presentation
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Radiographic Anatomy and Positioning of the Upper Extremity

Radiographic Anatomy and Positioning of the Upper Extremity

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Radiographic Anatomy and Positioning of the Upper Extremity

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  1. Radiographic Anatomy and Positioning of the Upper Extremity

  2. Intended Learning Outcomes • The student should be able to recognize clinical radiographic technical principles of the upper limb

  3. Upper extremity consists of: • Phalanges • Metacarpals • Carpals • Radius • Ulna • Humerus

  4. The hand & wrist consists of : • 27 Bones • Phalanges - 14 • Metacarpals - 5 • Carpals - 8

  5. Phalanges • Fingers & thumb • 3 separate bones Digits 2-5 • Proximal • Middle • Distal • Tuft • Thumb • Proximal • Distal

  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Thumb Index Middle Ring Little Naming of Digits

  7. Joints • Interphalangeal • Metacarpophalangeal • Distal Interphalangeal • Proximal Interphalangeal

  8. Metacarpals • Palm • Numbering • Three parts • Head • Shaft • Base • Joints • MP • Carpometacarpal Head Base Shaft

  9. Carpals (Wrist) • 8 bones • Proximal row • Scaphoid • Lunate • Triquetrum • Pisiform d c a b

  10. Carpals (continued) • Distal row • Trapezium • Trapezoid • Capitate • Hamate d b c a

  11. Carpal Joints • Radiocarpal • Intercarpal

  12. Distal Radius & Ulna • Radial Styloid Process • Ulnar Styloid Process • Distal Radioulnar Jt.

  13. Radiographic Anatomy

  14. Tuft 2nd DIP Jt. 2nd PIP Jt. 2nd MP Jt. IP Jt. 1st MP Jt. CM Jt. Radiocarpal Jt.

  15. Trapezium Trapezoid Scaphoid Pisiform

  16. Hamate Triquitral Capitate Lunate

  17. Radial Flexion (Ulnar Deviation) Ulnar Flexion (Radial Deviation) Motions of the Hand & Wrist

  18. Positioning of the Hand & Wrist

  19. Routine projections PA Medial Oblique Lateral Oblique Lateral Film size SID CR Finger

  20. PA

  21. Lateral

  22. Medial oblique

  23. Lateral oblique

  24. Immobilize Sandbags Tape Short exposure time Prevention of

  25. Routine projections AP PA Oblique AP Oblique Lateral Film size SID CR Thumb

  26. AP

  27. Lateral

  28. PA Oblique

  29. AP Oblique

  30. Structures shown

  31. Routine projections PA PA Oblique-Lateral Rotation Fan Lateral Non-routine projections Lateral for Foreign Body Hand

  32. Routine projections PA PA Oblique-Lateral Rotation Fan Lateral Film size SID CR Routine Hand Projections

  33. PA

  34. PA Oblique-Lateral Rotation

  35. Fan Lateral

  36. Structures Shown

  37. Non-routine projections of the Hand

  38. Lateral for Foreign Body

  39. Routine projections PA (Ulnar Flexion) PA Oblique-Lateral Rotation Lateral Non-routine projections PA-no flexion Stetcher Carpal Canal (Gaynor-Hart) Wrist

  40. Routine projections PA (Ulnar Flexion) PA Oblique-Lateral Rotation Lateral Film size SID CR Routine Wrist Projections

  41. PA (Ulnar Flexion)

  42. PA Oblique-Lateral Rotation

  43. Lateral

  44. Structures shown

  45. Non-routine projections of the Wrist

  46. PA-no flexion

  47. Scaphoid views (Stetcher)

  48. Carpal Canal (Gaynor -Hart)

  49. Anatomy of the Forearm & Elbow

  50. Distal Styloid Process Ulnar Notch Proximal Head Neck Tuberosity Shaft Radius