Front of the Room Michaela Toni Mohammad Chanisty Brianna Ebrahim Tiffany Derrick Keijuan Monica Aniyah Brionna Clare Shahriar Isaiah Solomon Deangelo Jacques Vepsey Tabitha Lauryn Anika Capria Laura Tia
World History 4th Period: Graham WH.1: Apply the four interconnected dimensions of historical thinking to the Essential Standards for World History in order to understand the creation and development of societies/civilizations/nations over time. Things to do today: Syllabus/ Review Rules/procedures Parent Note card Which of the following statements do you agree with most? What is a historian? Famous Quotes around the world! Tuesday, January 3rdEssential Question: What skills & sciences help us uncover the past? Journal Entry: What is my History Timeline
1.) We study history because past events have an impact on today?2.) We study history because we can learn from the mistakes of the past?3.) We study history because we interact with people around the world?4.) We study history because a democracy requires us to be informed citizens?
A historian isA person who studies and writes about the people and events of the past. Historiansfind out how people lived, what happened to them, and what happened around them. Historians rely on Calendars or dating systems created by the people of the past to measure time. Most of these calendars were created based on important events.
Historians rely on • Calendars or dating systems created by the people of the past to measure time. Most of these calendars were created based on important events.
The Western Calendar • gives us the dates used in our class and in our book. The Western Calendar was created around 500 by a Christian monk. This calendar is also called the Gregorian Calendar. • begins on the year in which Jesus was thought to be born.
In the Western Calendar • The years before the birth of Jesus are known as B.C. or “before Christ.” • The years after the birth of Jesus are called A.D. or “Anno Domini.” This phrase comes from the Latin language and means “in the year of our lord.” • Sometimes calendars and documents are dated with BCE (Before the Common Era) and CE (Common Era).
To date events • Before the birth of Christ or B.C., historians count backward from the year 1. • After the birth of Christ or A.D., historians count forward starting at the year 1. • THERE IS NO YEAR 0!!!
Historians organize history • By dividing it into blocks of time known as periods or eras. • Into periods like decades, centuries, or time periods that are given names.
Historians make sense • Of the flow of dates and events by putting these things in chronological order • By putting these events on a timeline or a diagram
Timeline Example: Place the following dates on your timeline in chronological order. Always start with the oldest date on the left and move to the newest date on the right. • Remember: The largest BC date is the oldest and the largest AD date is the newest. • Dates • 467 BC • 4000 BC • 44 • 592 BC • 34 BC • 136 • 4 • 500 BC • 2009 4000 BC 592 BC 500 BC 467 BC 34 BC 4 44 136 2009
How Historians Work • Find evidence • Read primary or secondary sources • Piece information together and draw conclusions or interpret what they have found
History and Geography • Geography shaped the course of events in world history and historians look at the five themes of geography when they interpret history • Five Themes: location, place, human/environment interaction, movement, and region
Based on this picture, what geographic advantages did the ancient Greeks have when invaders attacked?
How did people who lived in the desert adjust to their surroundings?
This is a picture of rice growing in China. Based on the fact that they had to feed huge populations of people, how did the Chinese adapt their environment?
History Themes: • Power and Authority: Who has the power? How do they get it? • Economics: How does a region trade? Do they have money or barter? • Revolution: Drastic changes that occur in society • Cultural Interaction: How does one culture/region interact or come into contact with another region? • Science and Technology: What tools does a group of people use to help themselves? • Interaction with the Environment: How do they change to be able to deal with their living conditions? • Religious and Ethical System: What do the people believe in? What kind of religion do they have? What do they believe is right and wrong?
World History 4th Period: Graham WH.1: Apply the four interconnected dimensions of historical thinking to the Essential Standards for World History in order to understand the creation and development of societies/civilizations/nations over time. Things to do today: 1. Tools of Historians Notes 2. “The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs” 3. Primary/Secondary source? Sort (CGW) Wednesday, January 4thEssential Question: What skills & sciences help us uncover the past? Journal Entry: Predict, what do you think are the tools of a historian?