Tahara Course-2 Taught by: HaceneChebbani
Chapter Two: Types of Najasaat • 6- Menstrual Blood Narrated Asma’ Bint Abu Bakr (r) : “ A woman came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: ‘When one of us finds her garments stained with menstrual blood, what should she do?’ He (pbuh) replied: “ She should scrape it, then scrub it with water, then sprinkle it, then she may pray in it” Bukhari and Muslim.
Types of Najasaat • 7- Dog Saliva Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “If a dog licks the dish of one of you, he should wash it seven times, the first time with clean soil” (Muslim) 8- Dead Animals: • Those animals which died a natural death, or by accident, without being slaughtered according to the sharia. • The skin of a dead animal when tanned, then it is purified. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “ If the skin of a dead animal is tanned, it is purified” (Muslim/Abu Dawood).
What is excluded from #8? • Dead fish and locusts: Narrated IbnUmar (r) that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “ Two dead things and two kinds of blood have been made permissible to us: As for the two dead things, they are fish and locuts. And as for the two kinds of blood, they are the liver and the spleen.” (Bayhaqi) • Dead things which have no flowing blood: Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “ If a fly lands in a vessel belonging to one of you, he should submerge it completely, then remove it, for verily, in one of its wings is a poison and in the other is a cure” (Bukhari/IbnMajah)
What is excluded from #8? • The bones, horns, claws, hair and feathers of dead animals: • Based on the basic principal that everything is pure unless there is evidence that says otherwise. • A hadith in sahih Al-bukhari narrated in Mu’allaq form that Imam az-Zuhri said, concerning the bones of dead creatures , such as elephants and the like: “ I have seen some people from among the scholars of salaf combing their hair with combs made from them and writing upon them and they saw no objection to it.” This is the opinion of Imam Abu Haneefa and one of two opinions of Imam Ahmed. • Analogy to the dead things that have no flowing blood.
How to Remove Najasaat • Since sharia informed us what are the najasaat, it also informed us how to remove those impurities. • Cleansing the skin of dead animals by tanning. For a proof (see slide # 3). • Cleansing vessels which have been licked by a dog. They should be washed seven times, the first one with dust. For a proof (see slide # 3).
How to Remove Najasaat • Cleansing a garment if blood is spilt on it. “She should scrape it, then scrub it with water, then sprinkle it, then she may pray in it” (Bukhari/Muslim) 4. Cleansing a garment of the urine of a breastfed infant. Narrated Abu As-Samh, the servant of the Prophet (pbuh), that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “ The garment should be washed if from a girl’s urine and sprinkled if from a boy’s urine” (Abu Dawood/Nasaa’i)
How to Remove Najasaat- Cont • Cleansing a garment from al-madhi. The Hadith of SahlibnHaneef (r), the Messenger replied: “ It is sufficient for you to take a handful of water and sprinkle your clothes with it wherever you see its stains.” (Abu Dawoud/Tirmidhi/IbnMaajah). • Cleansing the soles of the shoes. Narrated Abu Said (r) that the Prophet said: “ When one of you comes to the Masjid, he should turn over his shoes to look at them and if he sees anything filthy, he should wipe them on the ground, then he should pray in them” (Abu Dawood).
How to Remove Najasaat-Cont • Cleansing the Earth: Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that a Bedouin stood up and urinated in the Masjid and the people seized him, but the Prophet (pbuh) said to them: “ Leave him and pour a sajl or a dhanoob of water over his urine for you were sent forth to make things easy, not to make things difficult” (Bukhari/Muslim)
Sunan Al-Fitra • Narrated Aisha (r) that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “There are ten things which are part of al-Fitra: Trimming the moustache, growing the beard, using the siwaak, Istinshaaq with water (Sniffing water in the nostrils ), clipping the nails, washing the finger-joints (and in between them), plucking the axillary hair, shaving the pubic hair, and cleaning the private parts after excretion.” Zakaria said: Mus’ab said: ‘ I have forgotten the tenth one, unless it was madmadah” (Muslim/Abu Dawood/ Tirmithi/ Nassa’i/Ibn Maajah).
Sunan Al-Fitra-Cont • The second hadith: Narrated Abu Huraira (r) that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “ There are five things which are part of Al-fitra: ‘Shaving the pubic hair, circumcision, trimming the moustache, plucking the axillary hair and clipping the nails.” (Bukhari/Muslim) • The sunan of Al-alfitra are: • Trimming the moustache • Growing the beard (Obligatory) • Using the Siwaak (highly preferred) • Istinshaaq with water • Clipping the nails. • Plucking the axillary hair
Sunan Al-fitra-Cont • Shaving the pubic hair • Washing the finger-joints • Cleaning the private parts after excretion (Istinjaa’) • Madmadah (Rinsing the mouth with water) • Circumcision (khitan) (Obligatory for men).
Toilet Room Etiquette • It is reported on the authority of Salmaan al-Faarisi (r) that it was said to him: “ Your Prophet taught you everything, even how to defecate!” He replied: “Yes, he forbade us from facing the qiblah when defecating or urinating, from cleaning our private parts with the right hand, and from using less than three stones to clean our private parts, and from using dung or bones to clean our private parts.” (Muslim/Tirmidhi/Abu Dawood/IbnMaajah)
Toilet Room Etiquette • This hadith shows that the Islamic Sharia covers all aspects of our daily life. • What are the etiquettes of using the washroom? • Any article which bears the name of “Allah” should not be taken into the toilet room except when there is a fear of its loss if left outside. • Privacy in the sense of keeping out of sight should be maintained. • The dua’ “BismillahAllahommaInniA’oodhoBikaMinalkhubuthiWalkhaba’ith” should be recited when entering the toilet room. It means “In the name of Allah, O Allah! I seek Your protection from the evil jinn, male and female.” • Silence should be kept when using the toilet except when there is a need to warn others of a danger.
Toilet Room Etiquette • Commonly used places such as roads, meeting places or shaded areas should not be used as a toilet. • It is disliked to urinate in standing position, and it is haraam if impurities are most likely to splash on one’s clothes. • The left hand should be used in cleaning oneself. It is haraam to use the right hand to clean one’s private parts. • The left foot is to be used first to enter the toilet room, and the right foot is be used first to leave the toilet.
Toilet Room Etiquette • The dua’ “Ghufranak” should be said when leaving the toilet. This means “ I seek Your forgiveness.” • It is not permitted to face the qiblah nor to turn one’s back to it when answering the call of nature. • It is forbidden to urinate in still water. Jabir (r) said that the Prophet (pbuh) forbade us to urinate in still water” (Muslim/Nasaa’i) • It is permitted to clean the private parts with water, or stones or their like, such as wood or paper. This instruction is relevant when someone is hiking outside the city and does not find water. It is not permitted to use less than three stones. To be continued