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The Path Forward: Green Chemistry and Chemicals Policy Reform. Ken Zarker, Manager Pollution Prevention & Regulatory Assistance Section firstname.lastname@example.org Spokane River Forum March 27, 2013. Sound Chemical Management Strategies. Products. Materials. Production Processes. Wastes.
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The Path Forward: Green Chemistry and Chemicals Policy Reform Ken Zarker, Manager Pollution Prevention & Regulatory Assistance Section email@example.com Spokane River Forum March 27, 2013
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Products Materials Production Processes Wastes Source: Ken Geiser, Ph.D. Professor of Work Environment University of Massachusetts Lowell
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Waste Management Pollution Control Products Materials Production Processes Wastes Command and Control Regulations 1970s to 1980s
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Pollution Prevention Cleaner Production Products Materials Production Processes Wastes Clean Production Audits Facility Planning and Technical Assistance 1980s-1990s
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Safer Product Policy Chemicals Policy Products Materials Production Processes Wastes Design for Environment Life Cycle Assessment and Alternatives Assessment 2000s
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Green Chemistry Products Materials Production Processes Wastes Chemical Design
Growing the Green Economy through Green Chemistry • “Green chemistry is the utilization of a set of • principles that reduces or eliminates the use • or generation of hazardous substances in the • design, manufacture and application of • chemical products.” • Paul Anastas and John Warner, Green Chemistry: • Theory and Practice, 1998
12 Principles of Green Chemistry 1. Prevent waste rather than treat it or clean it up. 2. Incorporate all materials used in the manufacturing process into the final product. 3. Design synthetic methods to use and generate substances with little or no toxicity to people and the environment. 4. Design chemical products to be effective, but to have little or no toxicity. 5. Avoid the use of harmful solvents and auxiliary substances. 6. Minimize energy requirements and conduct processes at ambient temperature and pressure.
12 Principles of Green Chemisty 7. Use renewable feedstocks. 8. Avoid the use of chemical intermediates to reduce waste. 9. Use catalysts that carry out a reaction many times instead of less efficient reagents. 10. Use chemicals that readily break down into innocuous substances in the environment. 11. Use in-process real-time monitoring and control to avoid or reduce the formation of hazardous substances. 12. Use chemicals with low risk for accidents, explosions, fires, and releases.
NIKE GREEN CHEMISTRY FILTER CHEMICALS EVALUATE HAZARDS PRIORITIZE THE LIST INNOVATE PRODUCT & PROCESS considered chemistry EVALUATE EXPOSURE Source: Nike, Inc., Used by Permission
TRADITIONAL RUBBER ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERRED RUBBER Number of “Red” Chemicals: 5 Number of “Red” Chemicals: 1 considered chemistry TOXICS REDUCTION – EPR “Red” Chemicals by weight 12% “Red” Chemicals by weight 1% REDUCED TOXICS 96% BY WEIGHT Source: Nike, Inc., Used by Permission
Question: • How can the Spokane River Forum promote green chemistry?
Growth of State Green Chemistry Programs • Michigan establishes Green Chemistry Strategy • California launches Green Chemistry Initiative • Minnesota, New England • Oregon Executive Order • Washington Green Chemistry Center & EPA Green Chemistry Centers (2 molecular design & 2 chemical life-cycle
California’s Green Chemistry Initiative 2007---Department of Toxic Substances Control launches the state Green Chemical Initiative Six Objectives: Expand Pollution Prevention Develop Education and Training, Research and Development and Technology Transfer Create an On-Line Product Ingredient Network Create an On-Line Toxics Clearinghouse Accelerate the Quest for Safer Products Move Towards a Cradle to Cradle Economy
California Green Chemistry Initiative • Two bills enacted in 2008 • AB 1879 creates a process of identifying and prioritizing • chemicals of high concern and a process for regulating them where there are safer alternatives • SB 509 requires the establishment of a public Toxic Chemicals Clearinghouse • Established a California “Wiki” tool for public input • Established a Science Panel for advice
Green Chemistry for Michigan 2005 Governor Granholm Executive Order on Green Chemistry 2007 Michigan DEP commences first Stakeholder Meeting on Green Chemistry 2008 Lowell Center contracted to prepare Policy Study on Green Chemistry Building Awareness Building the Program Building the Future Michigan Department of Environmental Quality adopts a three phase “Action Plan” and sets aside $1 million for implementation
Governor Kitzhaber, Oregon April 2012 EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 12 - 05 FOSTERING ENVIRONMENTALLY-FRIENDLY PURCHASING AND PRODUCT DESIGN • Build Awareness for Green Chemistry • Environmental Preferable Purchasing Reforms • Oregon Interagency Toxic Chemical and Pollutant Reduction Strategy • Identify at least two industries in Oregon where green chemistry should be applied to reduce the use and generation of chemicals of concern.
Washington State Green Chemistry Roadmap- Framework Document • Green Chemistry Awareness and Outreach • Advancing Green Chemistry Education • Driving Safer Product Innovation through Tools and Information • Incentivizing Green Chemistry Through Supply Chains • Accelerating Economic development & New Collaborations • Harmonizing Policy and Regulatory Frameworks • Emerging Technology: Green Nanotechnology Washington State Green Chemistry Roundtable
WA State Green Chemistry Innovation • Green Chemistry Roadmap • Green Chemistry Center • Green Chemistry Research Projects • Better Brakes • Roofing Assessment • PCBs in Inks/Dyes Pigments • Educational Network Project
Prospects for TSCA Reform: Safe Chemicals Act of 2011 (S. 847) Senator Frank Lautenberg
TSCA Reform: Key Issues for States • Preserve states’ ability to protect public health and the environment. • Require minimum data for all chemicals and require manufacturers to show that chemicals meet safety standards. • Require EPA to define criteria for “safer alternatives” using a hazard and risk-based approach that considers the entire chemical life cycle, and encourage use of safer alternatives through market incentives and other means.
TSCA Reform: Key Issues for States • Give EPA authority to take immediate action to reduce threats from the most harmful chemicals, especially Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic chemicals (PBTs), including chemical bans where needed. • Reward innovation and help safer chemicals and alternatives get to the market place faster. • Share information and coordinate between state and federal programs to maximize use of resources and ensure a predictable regulatory environment for all stakeholders.
States Leadership on TSCA Reform • States Legislation • States Principles on TSCA Reform (2009) • Environmental Council of the States Resolution (2010) • Congressional Testimony (2011)