WWW WikiWikiWeb Justin Navarro
Origins of Wiki • Ward Cunningham – “Fiddling around” in 1995, he created the first wiki* as a supplement to a knowledge base called the “Portland Pattern Repository.” • This “knowledge community” ran with it and continued to enhance the technology in an early demonstration of the power of ‘open source’ collaboration. *Wiki: Hawaiian for “quick.”
Technical Aspects of Wiki • Wiki code is available as free open source (Twiki) and in commercial applications (Social Text). • Wiki operates just like any other web page accessed by a browser except it has an edit button on the page. • WSIWYG: Wiki does not use html but rather a simple formatting convention. • Wiki occupies a space between email, discussion groups and traditional web pages/intranets in the way it is accessed and used.
For example: The Wiki Wiki Sandbox is accessible at: http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WikiWikiSandbox
Social/Business Aspects of Wiki • Businesses using Wiki: • Eastman Kodak • Walt Disney • SAP • Motorola • British Telecom • Ziff Davis • “Wiki gets hit by the great unwashed as often as any other site - but to make an impact on Wiki, you need to generate real content.” • Source: http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WhyWikiWorks • “Like open-source software, wikis may make their biggest mark less as a business than as a potent force for change -- in this case, in the way people work.”Source: Hof, Robert. (2004, June 7). Something Wiki This Way Comes. BusinessWeek. • “A wiki often will teeter close to anarchy, but it's a common ground, not a corporate room owned or controlled by the bosses. Wikis tend to get disorganized and wild, but that reflects the nature of real human interaction and idea sharing.”Source: Needleman, Rafe. (2004). All take, no give: why collaboration fails. CNet. • Creating versus debating seems to be the number one reason wikis work—the Golden Rule reigns in a potentially chaotic environment.