5.2 Why Do People Preserve Local Languages? Deaton APHG
Basic Facts • Creole – a language that results from the mixing of the colonizer’s and that of those being dominated. • Most languages including English fall under the Indo-European branch. • The rest in this branch include: • Romantic, Germanic, Balto-Slavic, Indo-Iranian • Albanian, Armenian, Greek, and Celtic.
Basic Facts and Exercise • The most widely spoken language in the world is Mandarin. • The Chinese language consists of ideograms instead of letters. • They represent ideas rather than sounds. • Right now create five ideograms for everyday things for you.
Preserving Language Diversity • Extinct languages- once in use but no longer spoken or read in daily activities. • Many languages die due to several reasons. • What could they be?
Hebrew: Reviving Extinct Lang. • Hebrew was the language of the Bible which was used daily until the 4th century (Jewish afterwards) • However, in 1948 when Israel was recognized as an independent country it was 1 of 2 official languages.
Hebrew: Reviving Extinct Lang. • The task was difficult: • Many new words had to be made. • New inventions that did not exist in biblical times. • Nearly 4,000 new words were created in a dictionary.
Multilingual States • Typically small countries that are at a crossroads of larger countries. • Ex: Belgium and Switzerland • Belgium: has two, and it has flipped due to political instablity. • Switzerland: Four, due to decentralized government.
Isolated Language • Isolated language- language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family. • What would be examples?
Global Dominance of English • Lingua Franca- A language of international communication. One everyone gets. • Refers to Language of the Franks. First coined by the Arabs during the middle ages to communicate with Europeans. • A group that learns the LF learn a simplified form called pidgin language.