LAP 4: Poetry Literary Types Understanding Sight and Sound
Technique of Sight • Imagery is the descriptive language that creates a vivid picture in the mind of the reader and appeals to one of the senses. • Imagery uses concrete objects to represent a scene, an emotion or an experience.
Techniques of Sound • End rhyme: the most common type of rhyme is the repetition of sounds that occur at the ends of lines. • A rhyme scheme is the pattern of end rhyme designated by assigning a different letter of the alphabet to each line: abab.
Sound Devices • Alliteration is the consonant sound repeated at the beginning of several words. • Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore. • Onomatopoeia is the use of words or phrases that sound like things to which they refer. • Repetition can add emphasis to an idea.
Types of Poems • Free Verse: poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter. • Haiku: a Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world. • Prose poetry is written like prose, in paragraphs rather than verse, but contains the characteristics of poetry, such as poetic meter, language play, and a focus on images rather than narrative, plot, and character. • Sonnet: a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.