Aligning Common Core State Standards to IEPS For Students with Moderate to Severe Disabilities Shasta County SELPA With Information from Frank Donovan, Ed.D.
The Least Dangerous Assumption Students with the most significant cognitive disabilities are competent and able to learn, and we support increased educational opportunities in a range of learning environments.
Current PracticeGoals Written for the Severely Handicapped Student: • Most IEP Teams focus on the unique needs of the student • Unique needs are often discussed without reference to grade-level standards, curriculum and instruction
CCSS • College and Career Readiness (CCR) For ALL Students • Research and evidence-based standards, reflective of rigorous content and skills, and internationally benchmarked THEMES • 21st Century Learning • Learning and Innovation Skills • Life and Career Skills • Information Media and Technology Skills • 4-Cs— • Critical Thinking • Communication • Collaboration • Creativity
Similarity of Essential ELA Standards To CCSS • Before CCSS: ELA Four Categories Called Domains • Reading • Writing • Listening and Speaking • Written and Oral English-Language Conventions • CCSS ELA: Four Categories Called Strands • Reading • Writing • Speaking and Listening • Language http://www.scoe.org/castandards/
Literacy Across the Content Areas • Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects are embedded in the Reading and Writing Standards at each Grade Level, K-5. • Grades 6-8, 9-10, and 11-12, Include Reading Standards for Science and Technical Subjects, and Writing Standards for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects.
ELA/Literacy Shifts in Focus • Content-Rich Nonfiction • Informational Text • Evidence from Text • Reading for Information • Complex Text with Academic Language • Linkages to Content Knowledge
Are CCSS For Math Similar to our Current Standards? • Shift in Grade Level for some Skills • Organization is Different • Grade Level Standards K-8 • Set of Standards for Algebra 1 • Conceptual Cluster Standards for 9-12 • Two Options for 8th Grade • Algebra 1 • Option for those Not Ready for Algebra http://www.scoe.net/castandards/
Mathematics Shifts in Focus • Focus • Narrowing Strongly on Focus of Standards • Coherence • Building Upon Each Grade Level and Linking to Major Topics • Rigor • Building Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Skills, and Focus on Application
Identify student’s unique needs in relation to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) • Report present levelsbased on unique needs and in relation to CCSS • Identify the gap between Present Levels and grade-level CCSS • Develop annual IEP goals based on all of the above
In Other Words, Develop An Instructionally Appropriate IEP • The IEP team directly aligns the IEP to the to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) including: • Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance • IEP Goals • Specific accommodations and modifications addressing students needs to access the general education instructional program
What is the difference betweenthe Traditional and Instructionally Appropriate IEP?
Instructionally Appropriate IEP: Necessary For All Special Education Students???? Best practice would suggest that an Instructionally Appropriate IEP would be beneficial for all students
Developing A Grade-Level Instructionally Appropriate IEP When a Student Is Not On Grade-Level • The National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) produced a document that illustrates a recommended seven-step process, with accompanying guiding questions, to assist special education teachers and other professionals in developing a standards-based IEP • See Handout http://www.nasdse.org/publications-t577/a-seven-step-process-to-creating-standards-based-i.aspx
The Benefits • IEP is aligned to the general education curriculum • Encourages higher expectations for students with disabilities • Provides positive directions and goals for intervention • Promotes a single educational system that is inclusive through common language and curriculum for sped & gen ed students AND promotes consistency between schools and districts
Does An Instructionally Appropriate IEP = Student Is At Grade-Level In That Content Area No • The student is working toward meeting grade-level expectations and are receiving grade-level content instruction
Instructionally Appropriate Goals Start With Writing Instructionally Appropriate Present Levels • Present Levels are always directly related to the goal • Always Include strengths and weaknesses • Weakness = Goal • Avoid TMI
Present Levels Are: • A current description of evaluation data in areas from academic to social • A narrative of what the student can do/is doing (strengths), what the student can do with support (i.e.: fluency), and what the student cannot do/is not doing (needs) in specific areas
Step 1: Review the Grade-Level Standards (NASDSE): ASK • What is the intent of the content standard? • What must the student know and be able to do to meet the content standard?
Step 2: Examine Class-room and Student Data • Identify the grade-level Common Core standards that are most affected by the student’s disability. • Consider whether the data are valid measures of the student’s abilities. • Use the data to predict future learning needs. • Consider parent and student input. • Review previous IEPs and progress monitoring data regarding the student’s performance.
Step 2: ASK… • Can the assessment data provide useful information for identifying the student’s strengths and needs? • What gaps in knowledge and skills does the student have? • What can we learn from the way the student responded to previous accommodations? • Were the previous interventions successful? • Are there skills from previous grade levels that the student has not learned that are crucial to acquiring the grade-level standard? Which are most important to supporting progress? • Are there authentic, real-world tasks that demonstrate evidence of student learning? • Are there data on student reflection and self-assessment? • Is anyone collecting multiple measures? If so, who?
Step 3: Writing Present Levels • Describe individual strengths and needs of the student in relation to accessing the general curriculum. • Include data from evaluations, classroom and state assessments, observations, information from parents and students, and other resources (examples listed above). • Identify the skills and knowledge that a student needs to achieve to meet academic grade-level content standards. • Identified needs will be used to develop annual IEP goals.
Step 3: Ask… • What is the student’s performance in relation to grade-level standards? • What are the student’s strengths in terms of accessing and mastering the general curriculum? Include sources of this information. • What are this student’s areas of need in accessing and mastering the general curriculum? Include sources of this information. • What academic skills and behaviors is the student able/unable to perform? • What functional skills and behaviors is the student able/unable to perform? • Do functional, organizational, or social skills issues affect the student’s involvement and progress in the general curriculum
Step 3: Ask… • What strategies, accommodations, and/or interventions have been successful in helping the student make progress in the general curriculum? • How does the identified disability affect involvement and progress in the general curriculum? • What are the parental concerns? • What are the student’s interests, preferences, and goals? Include postsecondary aspirations if age-appropriate. • Is the student progressing at a rate to achieve grade-level proficiency within the year?
Present Level Phrase Examples Specific Verb Phrases: Vague Verb Phrases: • greets peer • is friendly • can count to 25 • received a math score • speaks in one to two of 90 word sentences • knows his letters • uses eye gaze • can’t communicate • spell 20 familiar sight • knows different words careers • can name 5 careers • talks excessively and five jobs associated • is a loner with each
Present Level Quick Check • Is the information educationally valuable and written in a user-friendly fashion? • Does the baseline data represent the student’s needs in relationship to the general education curriculum? • Would any teacher know where to begin instruction based on the information provided in the Present Level?
Present Levels: Drive the Goals • When written in this format, the goal may be lifted from the narrative
Step 1: Putting the “I” in CCSS • Identify the student’s present level of academic achievement and functional performance (assessments, teacher-kept data, etc.) • Identify the appropriate grade level standard(s). • Examine the essential content and skills within that standard based on the student’s Identified unique skills • Determine accommodations and/or modifications needed for the student to successfully reach the standard
Identify what the student needs to know and be able to do in the simplest terms possible. Are the goals written in terms that parents and teachers can understand? • Do the annual goals support postsecondary goals? • Determine a plan for monitoring progress
Aim High! Rigor and Fidelity Based on: • Bloom’s Taxonomy • Webb’s Depth of Knowledge • Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
Webb’s Depth of Knowledge • Level 1:Recall & Reproduction Specific Facts, Definitions, Routine Procedures • Level 2: Skills & Concepts Applying Skills and Concepts, Relationships, Main Ideas • Level 3: Strategic Reasoning Reasoning and Planning in Order to Respond • Level 4: Extended Reasoning Complex Planning and Thinking—Usually Over a Period of Time
Depth of Knowledge--Activities Level 1: Recall & Reproductions Concept Map, Timeline, Keywords, Chart, Recite Facts, Cut Out, Draw, Cartoon Strip, Oral Report, Outline, Paraphrase, Retell Level 2: Skills & Concepts Classify a Series of Steps, Construct a Model—Demonstrate How it Works, Perform a Play, Make a Game or Puzzle About the Area of Study, Explain the Meaning of a Concept, Explain Relationship Among a Number of Concepts, Multi-Step Calculations
Depth of Knowledge--Activities Level 3: Strategic Reasoning Venn Diagram to Show how Two Topics are the Same and Different, Design a Questionnaire, Flow Chart to Show Stages, Conduct an Investigation, Debate, Persuasive Speech, Letter with Point of View, Research and Report on the “Why” of an Issue or Topic Level 4: Extended Reasoning Formulate and Test Hypotheses, Perspective Taking and Collaboration, Persuasive Writing Tasks, Devise a Way To…, Sell and Idea, Write a Jingle to Sell an Idea, Develop a Menu with a Variety of Healthy Foods
UDL Strategies for Instruction • Strategies and lessons are taken from the general education curriculum • Principles of UDL are applied: • Multiple Means of Engagement give learners various ways of acquiring information and knowledge. • Multiple Means of Representation give learners options for expressive skills and fluency. • Multiple Means of Expression provide learners alternatives for demonstrating what they know and provide options for recruiting interest, sustaining effort, and self regulation. • Great Resource: National Center State • Collaborative. Listed in Resources
UDL Strategies (cont.) • All strategies/lessons are modified and or adapted for Emerging Readers and Emerging Communicators Additional Considerations for Emerging Readers and Communicators • Multiple Means of Engagement: Show the end first; present the concrete example of the graph; with the end in mind, have students at multiple levels solve in multiple ways; count or solve using a calculator, graph paper, 2 and 3 dimensional manipulative materials • Multiple Representation: 2 dimensional paper; 3 dimensional objects; etc. • Multiple Means of Expression: Picture problem choices: present 2 choices of possible correct responses and include words or pictures, tactile representations
Aligning IEPs to the CCSS for Students with Moderate and Severe Disabilities (Courtade & Browder, 2011) Speaking and Listening IEP Goal Comprehension and Collaboration Frank will use picture communication in group context to acknowledge others’ communication Speaking and Listening Standard Comprehension and Collaboration Engage Effectively in a range of collaborative discussion (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led)
CCSS Goal and Instructional Strategies Alignment Tool • CCSS Standard • Possible Goal Areas • Instructional Strategies • Accommodations/Modifications • Goal Format (Given—Will—Measured By) • Goal See Handout
CCSS Spirals • Anchor Standards—Progress Through Multiple Grade Levels • Skills Build Upon Prior Grade Levels • http://ctaipd.ning.com/page/deeper-dive-into-the-common-core-state-standards-and-assessments- • http://api.ning.com/files/E12ZO5fIjR2btsFSJ3bENitBMEuc6Joxo42FFoDTrL5unURlrZNVm*xAJVloUEq6kTr8aAv45N2z43DKR0lLFKnsLSRZXnX0/A28SpiralsforGTCWorkshop.pdf See Handout
Goal For Student with Mild Disability • By April 22, 2015, given a 5th grade level text, Susie writes a sequentially ordered 4-6 sentence paragraph introducing the text topic and stating her opinion to support the writers' purpose with at least 2 reasons and a concluding sentence related to her opinion in 4 out of 5 opportunities as measured by student portfolio and teacher-kept data.
For Student with Moderate Disability • By April 2015, given a 5th grade level text, Joel writes a sequentially ordered 3-4 sentence paragraph introducing the text topic and stating his opinion to support the writers' purpose with at least 1 reason and a concluding sentence related to his opinion in 4 out of 5 opportunities, as measured by student portfolio and teacher-kept data.
For Student with Severe Disability By April 2015, given an orally presented story, John will use his electronic device to compose sentences by selecting and sequencing sight words in 4 out of 5 opportunities, as measured by student portfolio and teacher-kept data.
Moving From “What Do We Do?” To “How Do We Make It Meaningful”?
Raising the Bar For Students With Severe Disabilities(Courtade & Browder, 2011) • Active Participation in the Curriculum • Promote Broad Skills in ELA and Math • Teach Self-Determination • Use Assistive Technology Devices