Curriculum Overview Curriculum Team Work
KTD – Curriculum Development K = What I KNOW I Know T = What I THINK I Know D = What I know I DON’T Know
KTD – Curriculum Development • Iowa Core • Big Idea/Enduring Understanding • Mission Statement • Course Purpose • Grade Level Benchmark • Component
Goal for the Year • Identify current reality based on IA Core Alignment • Write a Mission Statement, Course Purposes, Grade Level Benchmarks and Components • Begin work on Writing Common Summative Assessments
Goal/Outcomes for Today • Discuss the process for our work to understand expectations and work for the year • Determine Subject Mission Statement • Define our current reality (what we teach) • Determine Course Purposes • Begin to Write Grade Level Benchmarks and Components
Year 1 – alignment to ICC Write Grade Level Benchmarks and Components for each grade/course Alignment in Curriculum Maps Curriculum Embedded in Year 2 and Year 3 Assessment Training – Use of Assessment FOR Learning Year 3 – Aligning assessments with our curriculum. Writing common summative assessments Continue Training on Assessment OF and FOR Learning TeachingAnd Learning Assessment Instruction
Importance of Curriculum • Second biggest impact on learning is from what is taught. (Shanahan) • Explicit curriculum is important in ensuring that teaching occurs. • Explicit curriculum prevents excessive overlaps across grade levels. • Curriculum needs to be organized. • An explicit curriculum makes differentiated instruction possible.
Curriculum Framework – ICC and OCSD • Big Ideas/GLB: Declarative statements of enduring understandings for all students at all grade/course levels. Grade Level Benchmarks (Essential Questions) • Concepts: Describe what students should know, key knowledge, as a result of instruction, specific to grade level. Components (Concepts and Skills) • Competencies: Describe what students should be able to do, key skills, as a result of this instruction, specific to grade level. Components (Skills)
Hierarchy of OCSD Curriculum The Grade Level Benchmarks and Components drive instruction = they provide the roadmap to what the teacher needs to teach. Currently these are reflected in the Essential Question and the Content and the Skills. But…. They all do not meet the requirements of “Big Ideas” Bigger Ideas….. How do we help students “master” this content? What do we do if they don’t?
Steps in the Process • Step 1: Define Current Reality • Step 2: Analyze the Iowa Core Curriculum • Step 3: Align current reality with ICC – eliminate any gaps and/or overlaps • Step 4: Develop a Subject Mission Statement • Step 5: Develop Grade Level/Course Purposes • Step 6 and 7: Write Grade Level Benchmarks and Components • Step 8: Develop way to validate or monitor implementation of curriculum
ICC and the “Big Ideas” • What does the Iowa Core Curriculum look like? • Do we teach the big ideas described in the ICC? What’s our current reality? • What if we don’t teach something in the Iowa Core Curriculum now? • Do we have any gaps or overlaps in our curriculum right now after aligning to the ICC?
Current Reality – Step 1 • As a grade band, list what you are currently teaching at your grade level/course • Look at the essential question/content/skills and identify the “Big Ideas” your grade level or course teaches.
Mission Statement – Step 2 • Answer the questions: • Why do we have a Science curriculum and what we want students to know and be able to do? • Why does this area exist in our curriculum? • Is: • Student focused (Students will be able to…) • Measurable • Descriptive about curricular area
Mission Statement • We inspire people of all ages and cultures to enjoy science and technology, in order to better understand ourselves and our world. • to develop a desire to learn as much about the world and its inhabitants as possible, and to grow as thinking, aware, concerned human beings
Grade Level/Course Purpose – Step 3 • Answers the questions • What will students in the 4th grade know and be able to do? • What will be different from the emphasis in another grade? What will the focus be in this grade/course? • Is: • Student focused (Students will be able to…) • Measurable • Descriptive about grade level/course
Course Purpose • 4th Grade Example • Students will explore a variety of topics and verify hypotheses using simple experiments.
Writing Grade Level Benchmarks – Step 4 • Must: • Be student focused “The student will…. • Be measurable • Begin with a verb which determines level of thinking and indicate method of summative assessment • Be from Bloom’s top 4 levels of Bloom’s taxonomy • Be indicative of the main skill/concept – the essential question or purpose of the unit of study
Writing Components – Step 5 • Must: • Be student focused “The student will…. • Begin with a verb which determines level of thinking and indicate method of formative assessment • Be measurable • Be from Bloom’s any levels of Bloom’s taxonomy – scaffolding of skills and concepts should take place • Provide direction for instruction toward success of the Grade Level Benchmark
Big Ideas/GLB are… • Reflect Higher Order Thinking - Rigorous • They require “uncoverage.” or “investigation” or “evaluation” These abstract concepts stimulate higher-level thinking. They are more than just facts. They come from the top 4 levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. They have a greater potential for engaging students. The verb provides clues as to the assessment • Student Centered • They reflect what the student will know or be able to do as result, not what the teacher will do • Timeless • The concept transcends individual examples and/or activities. They have enduring value beyond the classroom. They will be relevant to any time teaching and do not reflect specifics – reflect skills such as problem solving • Measurable • They can be measured to determine success. • Essential Concepts or Skills • They are the heart of the discipline. They are worthy of the time it will take to study them at some depth (www.movingbeyondthepage.com and Understanding by Design. Wiggins & McTighe. ASCD. 1998.)
Big Ideas/GLB Are Not… • Topics (Apples, Winter, Shakespeare, Maps, Fractions) • Facts (2x4=8, red and yellow make orange, the capital of Illinois is Springfield) • Skills (multiplying, painting, memorizing, rhyming) • Assignments (research paper, collage, speech, book report) • Textbook Units (Unit 1, The World At War, Rational Numbers)
Science Example • Apples • Better Choices: • Students will describe different species of plants and animals and different classify them by observable characteristics • Students will demonstrate understanding that plants and animals have life cycles including being born, developing into adults, reproducing, and eventually dying. • Students will illustrate that organisms have basic needs. • Students will consider a variety of ways humans change environments in ways that can be either beneficial or detrimental to themselves or other organisms. (ICC/Life Science/K-2)
Developing big ideas/GLB helps students • “Understand rather than memorize • Retain ideas and facts longer because they are more meaningful • Make connections between subjects and facets of a single subject • Relate ideas to their own lives, and • Build networks of meaning for effectively dealing with future knowledge.” (from How to Differentiate in Mixed-Ability Classrooms, 2nd Edition; C.A. Tomlinson; ASCD; 2001)
Grade Level Benchmarks • Describes the “essential” things ALL students in this grade level or course MUST KNOW or BE ABLE TO DO in Social Studies/World Language • GLB's are units of instruction that make connections between separate concepts or skills • Year-long course = 7-12GLB's • Trimester = 3-6 GLB's
Grade Level Benchmarks • Each GLB requires high level of student thinking as well as dynamic student involvement in their learning • Written with verbs from top 4 level of Bloom's Taxonomy – application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation • Each GLB written directs assessments • Formative and Summative
GLB's • Criteria: • A positive statement about what the students will do • Verbs describing specific, measurable actions • Includes an end result – what the student will be able to do • High levels of achievement – Bloom's top 4 levels of thinking
GLB's - Example • What is wrong with these examples? • By the end of the lesson, students should be able to describe a cell. • Introduce the vocabulary words • Students will understand the scientific method • Students will read the textbook chapter about conducting an experiment
Components • Statements of concepts or skills that describe what students must know or do in order to perform the GLB. • Can be written from all levels of Bloom's Taxonomy • Content or skills scaffold as the GLB is taught • 3-8 per GLB
Components - Continued • Simple and Complex skills • Must have students being active, not passive learners • Teachers become more facilitative instead of only providing information that students memorize
Components - Continued • Which are simple and which are complex? • Students will list the steps in the scientific method. • Students will conduct research to determine and discuss the scientist who had the greatest impact on the world today. • Students will classify the elements. • Students will explain in their own words the meaning of photosynthesis. • Students will design and carry out an experiment to demonstrate their understanding of a scientific concept.
Grade Level Benchmarks • How do you go about identifying GLB's? • What are the “essential” skills/topics? • What is the relevance of the topic/skills? • What might students “do” with the information they learn? • What skills will be involved? • Are several topics related – if yes, group together • Those connected skills/topics make up a GLB • Quiz time!
Grade Level Benchmark • Answer the following questions to make sure it meets all GLB requirements • DOES IT....? • Uses a positive statement and tells what the student will do • Uses a specific measurable action verb • Contains an end result • Requires high levels of thinking • Requires dynamic student involvement • Make connections – topics, skills and applications related • Directs the summative assessment
Grade Level Benchmarks • How do we write the GLB? • Group topics/skills together • Don't force groupings • Visualize the grouping – what will students be able to do when they participate in the learning? • What will students know or be able to do? • Check the criteria to be sure all topics are present • Are all the components – skills and topics – identified and included in the GLB? • Remember to make all statements specific and measurable • Components tend to scaffold content or skills