What is Cubism? • Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement • pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso • It revolutionized European painting and sculpture • Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century. • A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne, which were displayed in a retrospective at the 1907 Salon d'Automne. • In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.
Pablo Picasso • Pablo Picasso (Spanish:25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) • was a Spanish artist who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century • He is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. • Among his most famous works is Guernica(1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. • Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a realistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. • During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His revolutionary artistic accomplishments brought him universal renown and immense fortune, making him one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art
Gurnica, 1937 • Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso. It was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain. • Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularly innocent civilians. This work has gained a monumental status, becoming a perpetual reminder of the tragedies of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace. Upon completion, Guernica was displayed around the world in a brief tour, becoming famous and widely acclaimed. This tour helped bring the Spanish Civil War to the world's attention. • Although mention is frequently made of the painting's "return" to Spain, this is not in fact correct. Guernica was painted in Paris, where it was first exhibited, before being placed in the care of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), as it was Picasso's express desire that the painting should not be delivered to Spain until liberty and democracy had been re-established in the country. On its arrival in Spain, in September 1981,it was first displayed behind bomb-and bullet-proof glass screens. The exhibition was visited by almost a million people in the first year.Guernicawas moved to its current permanent location in a purpose-built gallery at the Museo Reina Sofía in 1992.
How to… • 1. Decide if your piece is going to be a picture broken up or a load of objects or shapes mashed together. • 2. Plan out your piece. Before you start on your final piece, PLAN!!! Note down what media (art tools-pencil, pastels, paints, etc.), what colors you want, and other things you think are necessary. After that sketch out a few designs and practice what you want to draw and achieve.
3. Sketch out on final paper, Further break up the bigger shapes using straight lines going in all directions. • Now you can start to add color.You color every section individually, not the object you originally drew. Vary the direction of brush strokes and blend your colors together, make them gradually darker by add a tiny bit of black, make it lighter using water and anything other you want to do. Remember this is your piece!!!