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SUBMERGED ACOUSTIC RETRIEVAL PowerPoint Presentation
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SUBMERGED ACOUSTIC RETRIEVAL

SUBMERGED ACOUSTIC RETRIEVAL

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SUBMERGED ACOUSTIC RETRIEVAL

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  1. SUBMERGED ACOUSTIC RETRIEVAL Jeff Davies, Brian Regan, Kris Hopkins University of New Hampshire, Department of Mechanical Engineering Signal Processing Mechanical Release Introduction Our submerged acoustic retrieval concept is being used to provide an eco-friendly alternative to current lobster fishing practices. The inspiration for our project comes from entanglement issues caused by floating vertical lines associated with current fishing methods. These lines have caused countless deaths among marine animals along with increasing economic setbacks stemming from equipment failure and replacement costs. Our design concept aims to eliminate vertical lines through a submersible buoy release system. The new trap configuration accommodates an acoustic signal receiver that allows fishing vessels to communicate with a mechanical release system at the bottom of the ocean. Once the appropriate signal is received by the submerged trap, the release mechanism will activate to send the auxiliary buoy floating towards the surface. Once the buoy has surfaced, the auxiliary rope will be hoisted in to start the trap retrieval process. The new concept will seamlessly integrate into current fishing practices with minimal cost impact. • Purchased a mechanical claw to hold submerged line and buoy to the trap • Upgraded all hardware to minimalize movement between components • Modifications were made to the claw to withstand buoyant force from buoy • Attached two steel outriggers to claw hook • One element is fixed to safely hold buoy when closed • Other element moves on a pivot to swing out and release buoy upon opening • Lobster fishing vessels will send out unique coded signals corresponding to their trawl sets • This prevents theft and miscommunication with trawl lines not belonging to the transmitted signal • The fishing vessel will house an onboard hydrophone that transmits the coded acoustic signal Mechanical Release Operation Schematic Battery Pack • Using GearPower ultra capacity mobile power station • 5V1A power output rating • USB port used to power submerged microcontroller Hydrophone • Two hydrophones purchased from Aquarian Audio are used • One transmits the signal while the other receives the signal at the ocean floor Servo Motor Cypress PSOC 3 Microcontroller Current lobster trap configuration • Using Traxxas 2056 high-torque waterproof servo motor • Connects directly to the claw used for the mechanical release • Upon receiving command from the PSOC the servo actuates and opens the claw • Developer board is used to condition the transmitted signal and process the received signal from the hydrophones • Once the correct signal has been received the servo motor is triggered and the mechanical release is opened Depth Step Analysis of Surfacing Buoy • The new system will require the submerged buoy to release from the ocean floor and float to the surface • Typical lobster fishing depths reach up to 425m • Buoy must surface fast enough to have a minimal impact on fishing productivity • Several different buoys and buoy configurations were considered for the surfacing mechanism • Depth step analysis was performed in MATLAB to determine the theoretical surfacing time • Theoretical times were confirmed through testing in the Chase Engineering tank • 14” buoy had the fastest surfacing time and smallest deviation from theoretical surfacing time Pressure Vessel Pressure Vessel • Optimization study was done in SolidWorks on wall thickness • Pressure tested at 425m (445 psi) • Optimal Outer Diameter: 6.2 in. • Shell Thickness: 0.7 in. • Watertight with inner gasket and O-ring at each end • Acknowledgements • Professor Kenneth Baldwin, Project Advisor • Robert Dick, Cyprus Representative • Project funded by N.H. Sea Grant