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Part of Speech

Part of Speech

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Part of Speech

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  1. Part of Speech Grammar and Vocabulary Ⅰ April 15, 2011

  2. English words are categorized into eight groups: Noun Verb Adjective Adverb Conjunction Pronoun Preposition Interjection Part of Speech

  3. Noun • A word which is the name of someone or something • “Jack”, “table”, and “discomfort” are nouns

  4. Verb • A kind of word which shows what a person or thing is doing or the state it is in or what is happening to it • Words like “eat” and “feel” are verbs

  5. Adjective • A kind of word which names a quality • In a sentence “This is a heavy box”, “heavy” is an adjective

  6. Adverb • A word used with verb, adjective, or another adverb telling how, when, and where • Jane carefully (→how) washed her skirt yesterday (→when) and hung it here (→where)

  7. Conjunction • Word used for joining other words or statements • “Jack and Jill went up a hill” • We couldn’t drink the milk because it was too hot

  8. Pronoun • Word used in place of / in stead of a noun • Words like “I,” “you,” “she,” “me,” and “them” are pronouns

  9. Preposition • Word placed before noun or pronoun to make clear its relation, especially of direction, to another word (in, to, at, etc.)

  10. Interjection • Words used as cry to make feelings clear • “Oh, what a surprise!” • “Ah, that’s wonderful!”

  11. Matching Quiz • Web-based Exercise

  12. Exercise 2 (p.2) • What kind of part of speech are the following underlined words?

  13. (1) This watchis cheaper than that one. ⇒noun (2) Is this story so funny? ⇒ adjective

  14. (3) Who studies English hardest? ⇒ verb (4) I must tell you thatyou are wrong. ⇒ conjunction

  15. (5) Do your work as earnestly as possible. ⇒ adverb (6) The subway station is at the next corner. ⇒ preposition

  16. (7) “Hi, Mike. How are you?” “Oh, hi, Sue. I’m fine, thank you.” ⇒ interjection (8) Let me introduce myself. My name is Michael Smith. ⇒ pronoun

  17. Phrase • A group of words not a sentence, which we can understand. In the sentence: The book is on the table. – “on the table” is a phrase.

  18. Exercise 3 (pp.2-3) • Complete the following sentences using the words in the list (p.3)

  19. (1) Parents must ( ) their children all the time. ⇒ take care of (2) We ( ) decide which way to go. ⇒ had to

  20. (3) You can see a large park ( ), can’t you? ⇒ over there (4) People keep cats ( ). ⇒ to catch mice

  21. (5) ( ) produce electricity. ⇒ Power stations (6) British and American people speak English ( ). ⇒ rather differently

  22. For the next class… • Check what kind of suffixes the following word endings are (p.1).

  23. In the next class… • Derivation (pp.3-4) • Vocabulary (p.85)

  24. See you next week!