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WWI Breaks Out

WWI Breaks Out

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WWI Breaks Out

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  1. WWI Breaks Out Chapter 18, Section 1 10/3/11: Monday

  2. Why do wars usually begin?

  3. I. MAIN causes of the War • Militarism • Alliances • Imperialism • Nationalism

  4. A. Militarism • Definition: glorification of military strength • Race in arms • Bigger Better weapons

  5. B. Alliances • Nations forming alliances with other nations • Minor incident trigger major problems

  6. Alliances • Triple Alliance: Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany • Triple Entente: Britain, France, Russia

  7. Imperialism What is Imperialism? The Quest for colonial empires Why would a country want colonies? Markets Natural resources Strategic locations

  8. C. Imperialism • Competition for territories overseas • Reclaiming what was rightfully theirs

  9. D. Nationalism • Ethnic groups wanting independence • Example: Ottoman Empire (Turkey) • Albanians • Greeks • Romanians • Slavs

  10. II. The War Breaks Out

  11. A. Assassination of a Duke How does a 19-year old start a World War?

  12. Archduke Franz Ferdinand (A-H) visited Bosnia • Gavrilo Princip shot Franz and his wife • Austria Hungary (A-H) declared war on Serbia

  13. Domino A-H Serbia A-H and Germany are like Serbia and Russia are like France and Russia are like

  14. Allied Powers Britain France Russia Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Emp. Bulgaria B. The Teams

  15. starter: • Pick one of the MAIN causes and explain how it helped to start WWI

  16. C. Germany’s Plan • Massive Strike against France and G.B. then worry about Russia ( 2 front war) • Schlieffan Plan: German forces invade France via Belgium

  17. Early WWI Strategy and Response Central Powers Allied Powers Early Strategy Allied Response

  18. FRANCE GERMANY Reading: Preparedness (pg. 585)

  19. D. First Battle • First Battle of the Marne (France) • Central pushed allies back to Marne River • Only to get pushed back by the allies • Both realized this is going to be a LONG WAR

  20. III. The War Reaches a Stalemate

  21. A. Trenches • Long Ditches stretching for miles • Used as a type of defense • In the middle between 2 trenches • No Man’s Land • Caused a Stalemate among the Allies and Central Powers

  22. B. New Weapons • Poisonous gas • Motorized armored Tank • Airplanes • Aces – Pilots • Baron Manfred von Richthofen (RED BARON)

  23. Trench Foot

  24. WWI Tanks

  25. Casualties From Gas - The Numbers • Country Total Casualties Death • Austria-Hungary 100,000 • British Empire 188,706 • France 190,000 • Germany 200,000 • Italy 60,000 • Russia 419,340 • USA 72,800 • Others 10,000