Poetry Ajarn Steve
Poetry Poetry is difficult to define. Poems use words to paint a picture in your head. A good poem brings out strong emotions in people.
Poetry Traditional Poetry: A piece of literature written in meter; verse. Source: American Heritage Dictionary (A traditional poem rhymes.)
Poetry Meter: poetic measure; arrangement of words in regularly measured, patterned, or rhythmic lines or verses. (Source: Dictionary.com) Verse: A single metrical line in a poetic composition; one line of poetry. (Source: American Heritage Dictionary)
Simple, Four Line Rhyme Rhyming a,b, c, b: Mary had a little lamb Its fleece was white as snow And everywhere that Mary went The lamb was sure to go.
Simple, four line rhyme Rhyming a,a,b,b: Twinkle, twinkle little star How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high Like a diamond in the sky.
Simple, four line rhyme Rhyming a, b, a, b: The rain was like a little mouse, Quiet, small and gray. It pattered all around the house And then it went away.
Simple, four line rhyme Rhyming a, a, a, a: Rain, rain, go away Come again another day Little children want to play So rain, rain, go away.
Cinquain A short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing respectively two, four, six, eight and two syllables.
Cinquain Example: Popcorn Jumpy, bouncy White, yellow and bumpy Jumbly, rumbly, hot and mushy Popcorn.
Haiku Japanese poem of 17 syllables arranged in three lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables. Syllable: a unit of spoken language that consists of one or more vowel sounds alone. “Sun” is one syllable and “sunshine” is two syllables.
Haiku Example: The pond I used to Swim in has hardened now, but It is mine year round. Andrea Baccigalupi (age 9)
Free Verse Poetry Free verse: is a type of poetry that is written without using strict meter, rhythm or rhyme, but is still recognized as poetry. Source: Wikipedia
Free Verse Poetry Bring me all of your dreams, You dreamers, Bring me all of your Heart melodies That I may wrap them In a blue cloud-cloth Away from the too-rough fingers Of the world. Langston Hughes
Free Verse Poetry Free Verse Poetry has had a huge influence on hip hop and rap music.
Sonnet A poem of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter (stress is on the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th syllables of each line), restricted to a definite rhyme scheme. Shakespeare wrote sonnets.
Ballad Ballad: A ballad is a narrative poem, usually set to music; thus, it often is a story told in a song. Any story form may be told as a ballad, such as historical accounts or fairy tales in verse form. Source: Wikipedia
Ballad The Ballad of the Landlord, which was written by Langston Hughes is an excellent example of a ballad.
Haiku Poetry Line 1: 5 syllables Line 2: 7 syllables Line 3: 5 syllables
Haiku Poetry Clouds float slowly by Fluffy, lumpy, cotton balls Silver, gray, and white
Haiku Poetry Bursting in bright hues Splashing colors all about Autumn leaves must fall
Haiku Poetry Forest finery Of purest green, fern boast their Delicate beauty
Haiku Poetry In Haiku Poetry, the author’s purpose is to transform a seemingly common nature-related topics into something special or extraordinary using words.
Haiku Poetry Haiku Poetry stresses the use of interesting and descriptive words in the elaboration of its subject. Nouns: clouds, cotton balls, hues, colors, autumn, leaves, forest, finery, ferns, beauty.)
Haiku Poetry Verbs: float, bursting, splashing, fall, boast. Adjectives: fluffy, lumpy, silver, gray, white, bright, green, delicate.
Haiku Poetry: Sample Topics Types of weather: • Tornado • Hurricane • Spring rain • Thunder storm • Snow storm
Cinquain Cinquain is a highly structured form of poetry. Must pay attention to word choice, word meaning, syllabication, and parts of speech, while at the same time expressing a meaningful message.
True Cinquain 1 word title (noun) 2 syllables 2 descriptive words (adjectives)4 syllables 3 words that express action 6 syllables 4 words that express feeling 8 syllables 1 word (synonyms or reference to title in line 1) 2 syllables
True Cinquain Example Friend/ship Pre/cious, awe/some Bright/ens gloom/y mo/ments Rain/bow’s treas/ure trove dis/cov/ered Al/ways
Poetry Webites http://www.poetry.com http://famouspoetsandpoems.com http://www.poetseers.org
Poetry Websites http://www.poets.org http://www.poetry-portal.com http://www.poetrysociety.org
Author’s Note I did not write any of the poems in this presentation. When it was possible, I correctly cited the author of each poem.