Download
upgrading authoritarianism in the arab world n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab world . PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab world .

Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab world .

94 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab world .

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab world. Steven Heydemann By Linda

  2. Steven Heydemann. • Steven Heydemann is a political scientist whose research focuses on democratization and economic reform in the Middle East, and on the relationship between institutions and economic development more broadly.

  3. Outline: • Introduction. • ”Upgrading authoritarianism”. • The fivekey features. • Promotion of democracy in the Middle East. • Ex: Authoritarian upgrading in Syria. • Conclusion.

  4. Introduction. • ”(…)authoritarianupgradinginvolvesreconfiguringauthoritariangovernance to accommodate and managechangingpolitical, economic, and social conditions.” s.145.

  5. The fivekey features. • Appropriating and containing civil societies. • Managingpoliticalcontestation. • Capturing the benefits of selectiveeconomic reforms. • Controlling new communicationstechnologies. • Diversifying international linkages.

  6. ”Upgrading authoriatanism” • Exploitation of social, political and economicsettings. • Makingelectionssafe for authoritaianism. • Selectiveprocesses of economicliberalization. • Strategies to control and manage acces to communicationtechnologies. • Top-down approach to economicliberalizationwithoutpolitical reform.

  7. Promotion of democracy in the Middle East. • ”Authoritarian regimes has beenforced to adjust an reconfigurethemselves in response to pressures for democratic reform.” • ”Strengthening the democratic and oppositional potential of Arab states have reachedtheir limits.”

  8. Authoritarian upgrading in Syria. • Strictcontrol over civil institutions. • When Bashar al-Asadsuccededprecedency in Syria, 2000 hereceived 98 percent of the votes in 2007 hereceived 97,6 percent of the national referendum. • The ba´ath partys control over markets. • Privitazation etc. (RamiMakhloufowner of Syriatel and firstcousin of Bashar al-Asad). • China and Singapore as investors in Syria.

  9. Conclusion. • (…) Arab regimes have concludedthat the most effectivestrategy for resolving the economic, political, and social problems thatthreatentheirstability is not democratization, but the upgrading of authoritarianstrageies of governane,(…) s. 170.