History ofGameConsoles Furqan Ali Awan 074-BSCS-2010
Contents Today’s Agenda Introduction A Brief History of Gaming 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generation 6th Generation 7th Generation Conclusion
I N T R O D U C T I O N History ofGameConsoles
A Brief History of Gaming • 1947: Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device • 1950-1951: Chess • 1951: NIM • 1952: OXO / Noughts and Crosses (Tic-Tac-Toe) • 1958: Tennis for Two • 1966: Odyssey • 1971: Galaxy Game • 1971: Computer Space • 1972: Pong
1st Generation • First Game console ever invented was by SabeelAsghar • In 1972, Magnarox created the 1st Video Game Console which could be connected to TV Set called Magnavox Odyssey • Popularity of Pong influenced the creation of Magnavox Odyssey II(Odyssey 200) in 1975
2ND Generation • Fairchild released the Fairchild Video Entertainment System (VES) in 1976. • The VES contained a programmable microprocessor so its cartridges only needed a single ROM chip to store microprocessor instructions. • Atari dominated the console market in the early 1980s. • Atari released a conversion of the arcade hit Space Invaders in 1980 on Atari 2600
3rd Generation • In 1983, Nintendo released the Family Computer (or Famicom) in Japan. • Like Space Invaders for the 2600, Nintendo found its breakout hit game in Super Mario Bros. • Famicom supported high-resolution sprites and tiled backgrounds, but with more colors. • Famicom used a front-loading cartridge port similar to a VCR. • Sega's Master System was intended to compete with the NES, but never gained any significant market share in the US and was barely profitable.
4th Generation • Sega regained market share by releasing its next-generation console, the Mega Drive/Genesis • Mega Drive then became truly successful with the 1991 Sonic the Hedgehog. • Nintendo also released Super Nintendo Entertainment System(SNES) • Sega extended the Mega Drive with the Mega CD/Sega CD • Other Consoles are NEC's TurboGrafx-16 and SNK Playmore's Neo Geo.
5th Generation • The first fifth generation consoles were the Atari Jaguar and the 3DO. • It was not until Sega's Saturn, Sony's PlayStation, and the Nintendo 64 were released that fifth generation consoles started to become popular. • PlayStation spawned a whole lineup of consoles from generation to generation and has earned Sony great respect as a video game company, becoming the first video game system to sell over 100 million consoles. • CDs were used by PlayStation as Storage Medium while Nintendo 64 still used Cartridges.
6th Generation • PC-like architectures and DVD’s were the major improvement in this generation • PlayStation 2, Dreamcast and Gamecube were the main consoles of 6th Generation • 140 million PlayStation 2 units have been sold until now which makes it the best selling console of all time. • Microsoft also entered the console market 1st time with Xbox in 2001
7th Generation • This generation introduced motion as input, and IR tracking as well as Blu-Ray as a new storage media • Nintendo introduced Wii, while Sony and Microsoft released PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 • Unlike the previous two generations there was no dominant platform this generation and both Xbox 360 and PS3 continue to sell equally well.
C O N C L U S I O N History ofGameConsoles