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English Abbreviations

English Abbreviations

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English Abbreviations

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  1. English Abbreviations Derived from Latin

  2. after the middle of the day post meridiem P.M. School lets out at 2:30 P.M.

  3. around, about (used with dates) c. circa Rome was founded c. 753 BC.

  4. for the sake of example e.g. exempli gratia Ice cream comes in many flavors, e.g. vanilla, chocolate, strawberry, cherry…

  5. et cetera and the rest etc. I love creative “domestic” hobbies like crafts, scrapbooking, cooking, etc.

  6. id est that is… i.e. Each year students have a “Senior Skip Day,” i.e., a day when all seniors don’t show up for classes.

  7. and the others (often used with authors) et al. et alii This book was written by John Smith, Mary Jones, et. al.

  8. In the year of the Lord (used for modern dates) Anno Domini A.D. Graduation will be May 25, 2012 A.D.

  9. ante meridiem before the middle of the day A.M. School begins at 7:30 A.M.

  10. Medicinae Doctor Doctor of Medicine M.D. My best friend got her M.D. degree.

  11. no. numero number, by number A famous perfume is Chanel No. 5.

  12. Philosophiae Doctor Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. Some teachers earn their Ph.D.

  13. versus vs. against The big game was AHS vs. Bay.

  14. pro tempore for the time being pro tem. Ancient Aliens abducted Austin, so Erin had to be president pro tem of the Latin Club.

  15. post scriptum afterthought (lit., “written after”) P.S. Dear Lovey Dovey, I love you a lot. I really do. You’re awesome. From: Me P.S.: I love you!

  16. in the same place (used in citing books and articles) ibidem ibid Jones, Martha. I Believe in Ancient Aliens. p. 42. ibid, p. 50. ibid, p. 76.

  17. to improvise (used in acting) ad lib. ad libitum The comedians in the show “Whose Line Is It, Anyway?” had to ad lib.

  18. see (used in research papers) v. vide Ancient aliens are all around us. (v. Jones, p. 76)

  19. cf. confer compare While cars are required by law to stop at all stop signs (Vehicle Code section 1234 ("Cars must stop at stop signs")), pedestrians are not (cf. Vehicle Code section 4321 ("Pedestrians need not stop at stop signs")).

  20. that is to say viz. videlicet The original 1960’s “Avengers” roster, viz. Thor, Iron Man, Hulk, Ant-Man, and Wasp, did not include Captain America until issue 4.

  21. note well n.b. nota bene When writing directions on the board, the teacher wrote “N.B.” in big letters so the students would note it well.