Friday, January 25 • Unit 2 CDAs- Test corrections • Introduction to the Legislative Branch • Article 1 Worksheet • Why Bicameral? • Senate vs House of Representatives Table of Contents: 95. Legislative Branch Book Project 96. Article 1 Worksheet 97. Why Bicameral? 98. Senate vs House chart
Test Corrections • Grade your test, mark all incorrect answers. • For each incorrect answer: • Question Number • Your Answer • Correct Answer • Question and Answer written in a sentence.
3 Reasons: • Historical Reasons • Practical Reasons • Theoretical Reasons
Historical • The British Parliament had 2 houses since the 1300s • Most of the colonies had bicameral assemblies already They were used to bicameralism!
Practical • The Framers had to create a bicameral legislature to settle the arguments between the New Jersey plan and Virginia plan • They wanted to keep the peace and make everyone happy!
Theoretical • The Framers wanted the two houses (Senate and House of Representatives) to be able to check each other • The Framers wanted to keep Congress from becoming super powerful and taking control of the other two branches. • They wanted to split the power of Congress!
House of Reps Senate • lower house • more representative of the people • 435 members • Each state has a number based on their population • One representative per district represent their district • 25 years old • 2 year term • Leader is Speaker of the House • Upper house • Originally chosen by State, after 17th Amendment- chosen by voters • 100 members- 2 per state • Represent the whole state • 30 years old • 6 year term • Leader is the President of the Senate (VP of the country) and President Pro Tempore