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Kessler McGuinness & Associates, LLC 2007 PowerPoint Presentation
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Kessler McGuinness & Associates, LLC 2007

Kessler McGuinness & Associates, LLC 2007

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Kessler McGuinness & Associates, LLC 2007

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  1. Kessler McGuinness & Associates, LLC2007 The New ADAAG

  2. DOJ U.S. Access Board Architects Massport San Diego Internt’l Airport San Francisco Internt’l Airport Portland (OR) Internt’l Airport Dallas Area Rapid Transit SE Pennsylvania Transit Auth. Atlanta Housing Auth. CUNY Tufts University Fidelity Properties John Hancock Equity Office Equity Residential IBM/Lotus Harvard Univ. M.I.T. Talbots Au Bon Pain Archstone Smith Berklee College of Music Lincoln Property KMA Provide public and private entities with consulting services related to accessibility and Universal Design

  3. Purpose The New (2004) ADAAG What is it? What should you do with it?

  4. Agenda • Regulatory Context • Standards v. Guidelines • Revised ADAAG • Format & Organization • Scoping & Technical Requirements • Key Issues • When To Use The Revised ADAAG? • Q & A

  5. PRE-TEST

  6. Why Accessibility People with Disabilities • 19.4% or 49 million people in the U.S. • 24.1 million have a severe disability Demographics of Aging • 34.7 million people 65+ • Will double over the next 25 years • Disabilities increase with age “They” are “We”

  7. Regulatory Context • Penicillin • Architectural Barriers Act 1968 • Fair Housing Act 1968, 1988 • Section 504 1973 • Air Carriers Access Act 1988 • Americans with Disabilities Act 1990 • Mass. Architectural Access Board 1968 • State & Local Anti-Discrimination Laws MAAB ABA

  8. Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) • Designed, altered, leased with federal funds • UFAS current standard • Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards • New ADA-ABA Guidelines • The Americans with Disabilities Act and Architectural Barriers Act Guidelines “The New ADAAG”

  9. Americans with Disabilities ActPublic Law 101-336 Broad prohibition againstdiscrimination based on disability • TITLE I - Employment • TITLE II - Activities operated by state or local governments, including housing • TITLE III – Commercial Facilities & Places of Public Accommodation

  10. ADA – Civil Rights • …discrimination for purposes of <the ADA) includes a failureto design and construct facilities … that arereadily accessible to and useableby individuals with disabilities. • Door Knob = Discrimination • Proactive barrier removal requirements = Affirmative Action

  11. ADAAG • Looks like a building code…but isn’t • Applies to all facility types except some housing • Minimum standard • Does not necessarily insure compliance with the law

  12. ADA Accessible Design Standard Law Implementing Regulations ADAAG (guidelines) Adopted by US DoJ ADA Standards (enforceable)

  13. ADA Design Standard v. ADAAG • Current Design Standard (ADAAG 1992) • ADAAG (2002) • State and local government facilities • Building elements designed for children’s use • Play areas • Recreation facilities • ADA-ABA Guidelines (2004) • More ADAAG to Come: • Public Rights-Of-Way • Developed Outdoor Areas

  14. Final Rule 36 CFR Parts 1190 & 1191 ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities; Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Guidelines; Final Rule (An enforceable guideline for DoT, GSA & USPS projects)

  15. Revised ADAAG - Background • Decade-long review • Advisory committee • Format and usability • Reconciling with model codes • Consistent ADA/ABA requirements • Updating requirements • Proposed rule • Public comment • Final Rule 7/2004

  16. What’s Different? • New Organization & Format • New Scoping & Technical Requirements • Harmonizes & References Model Building Codes*

  17. Organization & Format • New numbering system consistent with model codes • Clear delineation between scoping and technical provisions • New figures and commentary • Non-mandatory language -advisory information • All figure-based information in written text • Integrate special occupancy chapters(medical, libraries, transient lodging..)

  18. Rule in Three Parts* Technical Chapters (Part III) ADA Scoping (Chapter I) ABA Scoping (Chapter II)

  19. Advisory Material Clarifications & Recommendations*

  20. ADA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION • Equivalent Facilitation • Tolerances • Percentages

  21. ADA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

  22. Press Boxes New exception: • 500 sq ft or less (aggregate area) • AND • On bleachers entered on one level • Or • Free standing – elevated 12’-0” or more • 521 CMR still requires all press boxes to be accessible

  23. Accessible Means of Egress References International Building Code (IBC) Amendments to 521 CMR are more stringent 20.11.1 - ALL SPACES OR ELEMENTS REQUIRED TO BE ACCESSIBLE BY 521 CMR SHALL BE PROVIDED WITH NO LESS THAN ONE ACCESSIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS. A. WHERE MORE THAN ONE MEANS OF EGRESS IS REQUIRED UNDER 780 CMR (THE STATE BUILDING CODE) FROM ANY ACCESSIBLE SPACE OR ELEMENT, EACH SPACE OR ELEMENT SHALL BE SERVED BY NOT LESS THAN TWO ACCESSIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS.

  24. Exterior Egress 20.11.2 – THE EXIT DISCHARGE SHALL PROVIDE A CONTINUOUS PATH OF TRAVEL FROM AN EXIT TO A PUBLIC WAY BY MEANS OF A WALKWAY OR A RAMP. A. WHERE PUBLIC WAYS ARE FURTHER THAN 100 FEET FROM AN EXIT, EXTERIOR AREAS OF RESCUE ASSISTANCE …….NO CLOSER THAN 100 FEET FROM THE BUILDING. B. IN BUILDINGS WHERE THE GRADE AT THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE PROHIBITS CONSTRUCTION OF EITHER A WALKWAY OR A RAMP, A PORTION OF AN EXTERIOR EXIT BALCONY LOCATED IMMEDIATELY ADJACENT TO AN EMERGENCY EXIT COMPLYING WITH 20.12.2 MAY BE CONSTRUCTED AS AN AREA OF RESCUE ASSISTANCE.

  25. Employee Work Area • ALL • Access to egress • ADA • >1000 sq.ft. - must have accessible common use circulation paths (206.2.8) • ABA • Full access in employee work areas • 521 CMR • No jurisdiction over employee-only areas

  26. Entrances • ADA & ABA • 60% (v. 50%) must be accessible • 521 CMR • ALL public entrances accessible

  27. LULA/LIFTS Allowed in limited circumstances • Performance area/speakers’ platforms • Wheelchair spaces • Judicial spaces • Incidental spaces • Amusement rides • Team/player seating • When elevator not required

  28. Van Accessible Spaces 1 of 6 (v. 8)

  29. Single-User Toilet Rooms • ADA & ABA • Where grouped - 50% • 521 CMR • ALL accessible

  30. Ambulatory Stalls 6+ toilets and urinals

  31. TECHNICAL CHAPTERS 3 - Building Blocks Ground and floor surfaces (302), changes in level (303), wheelchair turning space (304), clear floor space (305), knee and toe clearances (306), protruding objects (307), reach ranges (308), and operable parts 4 – Accessible Routes Walking surfaces (403), doors (404), ramps (405), curb ramps (406), elevators (407 - 409), and platform lifts (410) 5 – General Site & Building Elements Parking (502), passenger loading zones (503), stairways (504), handrails (505) 6. – Plumbing Elements & Fixtures Drinking fountains (602), toilet and bathrooms (603), water closets and compartments (604), urinals (605), lavatories and sinks (606), bathtubs (607), showers (608), grab bars (609), tub and shower seats (610), washing machines and clothes dryers (611), and saunas and steam rooms (612).

  32. TECHNICAL CHAPTERS 7 – Communication Elements & Features Fire alarms (702), signs (703), telephones (704), detectable warnings (705), assistive listening systems (706), ATMs and fare machines (707) 8 – Special Rooms, Spaces & Elements Assembly areas (802), dressing, fitting, and locker rooms (803), kitchens and kitchenettes (804), medical care facilities (805), transient lodging (806), holding and housing cells (807), courtrooms (808), residential dwelling units (809), transportation facilities (810), and storage (811). 9 - Built-In Elements Dining and work surfaces (902), benches (903), and sales and service counters, including check-out aisles (904) 10 - Recreation Facilities Amusement rides (1002), recreational boating facilities (1003), exercise machines (1004), fishing piers and platforms (1005), golf facilities (1006), miniature golf facilities (1007), play areas (1008), swimming pools, wading pools

  33. Chapter 3: Building Blocks • Forward & Side • 48” max. • 15” min. • ADA & ABA more stringent than 521 CMR

  34. Knee Space • Lavatories • Counters • Fixed seating

  35. Cross slope 1:48 max.

  36. Tolerances 2.4.4 Tolerances on all dimensions, unless otherwise noted, shall not exceed the following: • Dimensions between 0" and 2" inclusive, shall have a maximum tolerance of plus or minus one‑eighth inch • Dimensions more than two inches and less than 36 inches (>2" and <36" = >51mm and <914mm) shall have a maximum tolerance of plus or minus one-half inch (½" =13mm). • Dimensions 36 inches or greater (36" or > = 914mm or >) shall have a maximum tolerance of plus or minus one inch (1" = 25mm). • SLOPES MAY NOT EXCEED MAXIMUMS. SLOPES SHALL BE MEASURED IN TWO-FOOT INCREMENTS. NOTE: Tolerances do not apply to minimums or maximums.

  37. What Can Happen

  38. FHA Litigation

  39. Chapter 4: Accessible Routes • ADA & ABA • Door in a recess >8” requires flush maneuvering space • 521 CMR • Door in a recess >6” requires flush maneuvering space

  40. Clear Width Min. separation (48”) between reduced clear widths

  41. Curb Cuts • ADA & ABA • 36” min. • 521 CMR • 48” min.

  42. Ramps • Edge Protection ADA & ABA • Prevents the passage of a 4” diameter sphere 521 CMR • Edge curbs, walls, railings, or projecting surfaces that prevent people from slipping off the ramp. Edge curbs shall be min. of 2” high.

  43. Detectable Warnings • New ABA/ADAAG: Not required at curb cuts on private property • Rulemaking on public rights-of-way • Required under current standard • Alternate design recognized

  44. Chapter 5: General Site and Building Elements • No curbs • Mark/stripe access aisle • At least 1 for every 100’ of loading zone space provided

  45. Handrails ADA & ABA • Gripping surface – more detail, more options 521 CMR • Round or oval

  46. CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES ADA & ABA • 16” – 18” to CL • 17” – 19” to CL 521 CMR • 18”

  47. Toilets • ADA & ABA • No other fixtures or obstructions shall be located within the required water closet clearance. • 521 CMR • Deeper (72”)

  48. Sink Knee Space • 29” apron clearance removed • The dip of the overflow is not considered in determining knee and toe clearances.

  49. Accessible Drinking Fountains No parallel approach

  50. Chapter 7: Communication Elements and Features • Capabilities and sound quality of assistive listening systems • ATMS - detailed criteria for audible output and tactile markings