Download
from isolationism to war n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
From Isolationism to War PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
From Isolationism to War

From Isolationism to War

119 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

From Isolationism to War

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. From Isolationism to War Chapter 17 Section 4

  2. U.S. Neutrality • Starting in 1935 Congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts which banned the U.S. from selling weapons or giving loans to countries at war • 1937- US permitted trade with fighting nations but made those nations pay cash and transport the cargo themselves, this is called cash and carry

  3. American Involvement Grows • German invasions of Poland, Germany, and the attack on Great Britain softened U.S. Neutrality Acts • U.S. gave “all aid short of war” to our allies, Great Britain • Anti-War groups like the America First Committee tried to block further aid to Britain

  4. Lend Lease Program • Congress passed the Lend – Lease Act in March 1941 which authorized the president to aid any nation whos defense he believed was vital to American security • Aid was given to Great Britain and once Germany attacked the Soviet Union he provided them with aid as well • By the end of the war the U.S. had handed out more than 49 billion dollars worth of aid to some 40 nations

  5. U.S./Japanese Relations • U.S. stopped selling scrap iron and steel to Japan in hopes of stopping Japanese expansion • Froze Japanese financial assets in US • Cut off all oil shipments (Japan desperately needed raw materials)

  6. Final Weeks of Peace • Japanese General TojoHedeki became Prime Minister in October 1941 • Tojo supported war against the U.S. • U.S. knew Japanese attack was immanent but didn’t know where • Japan planned to attack Pearl Harbor, a U.S. Naval base in Hawaii • Hoped the US Pacific fleet would be so crippled that they could achieve their goals in the Pacific before it was rebuilt

  7. Pearl Harbor • Shortly after 7:00AM on December 7th 1941 180 Japanese warplanes attacked • Half of the Pacific fleet was anchored at Pearl Harbor • By 9:45 the attack was over • 2,400 Americans were killed and 1,200 wounded • Nearly 200 American warplanes were damaged or destroyed • 18 warships including 8 of the 9 battleships were sunk or heavily damaged • Japan lost only 29 planes

  8. U.S. Declares War • The U.S. declares war on Japan on Dec. 8, 1941 • Japanese allies Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S. on Dec. 11th