In The Event of War Korean War Gazette Final Edition January 14, 1951 Volume 5, Number 1 Duck and Cover Fallout Shelter slkdfjasdfoiwejf;dsalkfjowekfj;dslfisdad.Adfoiwefkde;aowoeifdkowiekdgoijlkowefldskfjfdslkfjda; owekdjoiaj; fdoiidf;adlf . Kdfjasd;oifj d/. Dfiswiuejf;adlkfjoweijf;adlkfj . Dslkiufwojfldifje . Laidjfei;jdl k. dlsjflwekjf;afowiejkthedogl/ doifuejfkslpfdef. Dkfuwehf;dslfkji;salk. Sdfiwuehf;ldsakfjowiejf;asldfjiewjf; lkjldsfjpalkfe/ sdfiej ;felifsjk;dlkf/ skdfuhwe;flkjdsfoiewjf. Lk. Smdkofiwejf;aldfkjwoiefef. Swdkfuefhsldfwuefhldskfjhiweuf;alskdj . Ldsifjw;eflkdsjf;ifj; Nuclear Testing Loremipsum dolor sit amettotamaspernatur fugit beataeaspernaturoditeosistenemo et et, dicta accusantiumquiadoloremquequia quae laudantiumquia error vitae qui Loremipsum dolor sit ametundeaspernatur sit quasi magni sit sedexplicabodoloresdolores, sunt vitae voluptatemconsequunturutipsam quasi sedinventorequiaveritatisutvoluptatemdolores Loremipsum dolor sit ametdolores et aspernaturvoluptas dicta dicta, ipsamipsanemoperspiciatisunde error sedvoluptatemratione quae eaque quae quae, magnienimenimnatusperspiciatis quasi quiaquiaisteperspiciatisipsammagnivoluptatemvoluptatem, enimipsaiste et sedquiadoloremquevoluptatemutmagnilaudantiumlaudantium vitae vitae, illomagnimagnieosaccusantiumaccusantiumperspiciatis quasi nemo Loremipsum dolor sit amettotamaspernatur fugit beataeaspernaturoditeosistenemo et et, dicta accusantiumquiadoloremquequia quae laudantiumquia error vitae qui Loremipsum dolor sit ametundeaspernatur sit quasi magni sit sedexplicabodoloresdolores, sunt vitae voluptatemconsequunturutipsam quasi sedinventorequiaveritatisutvoluptatemdolores Loremipsum dolor sit ametdolores et aspernaturvoluptas dicta dicta, ipsamipsanemoperspiciatisunde error sedvoluptatemratione quae
Duck and Cover • Method of protection • Issued by the US government • The biggest group of people the “Duck and Cover” method was taught to school children between the 1950s to the 1980s. • Procedure • Find sturdy shelter(ex: desk, table, ect.) • Sit on knees and place head into lap. • Clasp your hands together and place your hands on the back of your neck. Click on the picture to see the duck and cover video.
Fallout Shelters • civil defense measure intended to reduce deaths in a nuclear war. • A basic fallout shelter consists of shielding that reduces gamma-ray exposure • Concrete, bricks, earth, and sand are some of the materials that are dense or heavy enough to provide fallout protection. • walls at least 12 inches thick • According to civil defense authorities, a concrete block basement shelter could be built as a do-it-yourself project. • Ventilation in the shelter was provided by a hand-cranked blower attached by a pipe to a filter mechanism on the surfaces for $150 to $200 at the time Click on the picture and scroll to the bottom of page to see how the City of Dallas ‘ Fallout Shelter was set up.
Nuclear Testing • Between July 16, 1945 and September 23, 1992 the United States of America conducted (by official count) 1054 nuclear tests • There were actually a few surface tests included in the official test count conducted after November 4, 1962
References • Duck and Cover. Duck and Cover. Araxmas, 13 Apr. 2006. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lW4s7TETtJA>. • "Fallout Shelters." Fallout Shelters. U-S-History. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h3706.html>.
Questions • 1. Between what years was the Duck and Cover method taught? • 2. Duck and cover was a method of what? • 3. What were the three steps to the Duck and Cover method? • 1. • 2. • 3. • 4. What was built to reduce causalities in nuclear war? • 6. What were the main materials used to make a fallout shelter? • 7. For any type of defense help the walls had to be at least how thick?
Questions • 8. Could people build shelter themselves? • 9. How was the shelters ventilated? • 10. How much did the ventilation cost? • 11. How many nuclear tests did the US conduct between July 16, 1945 and September 23, 1992? • 12. When did the US start limiting their surface tests? • 13. What is the turtles name that is in the Duck and Cover videos? • 14. How many rooms were in the Dallas Civil Defense Emergency Operations Center?