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Present Perfect

Present Perfect

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Present Perfect

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  1. PresentPerfect We use thepresentperfectto talkabout:  Unfinishedactionsorstatesthatstartedin thepastand continue up to thepresent: I’velivedin Braga for twentyyears.  Lifeexperienceswithunspecified dates: Myteacherhasbeento the United Statestwice.  Finishedpastactionsoreventswith a result in thepresent: I’veforgottenmy email password! (The result is that I can’t sign into my account now.)

  2. PresentPerfect – Time expressions Just Ever Never Already For Since Yet Mysisterhaslivedin France forfiveyears. I haven’teatenanycakesinceI startedmydieton 1st May. Haveyoueverbeen to Sydney before? No, I’veneverbeen to Australia. I haven’tbeenabroadyet. Peter hasjustarrived. Heis in hisbedroomreading a comicbook. I’vealreadypackedmythings. Let’sgo, shallwe?

  3. PastSimple We use thepastsimpleto talkaboutfinishedpastactionsat a specified time in thepast. Look atthefollowingexamples: Yesterday, I metmyfriendsatthebookstoreandweboughta verygoodbook.  Last week, I wentto thebeachand I triedyoga forthefirst time. Itwasamazing!  I finishedthatbooklastweek. I lovedthestoryaboutthegirlwhomovedto anothercityandmadea biglifestylechange.

  4. PastSimple – Time expressions Lastweek/month/year In the20th century In 2010 A week/month/year ago Yesterday LastyearI visitedmybestfriend, who lives in Rome. Marywent to the shopping centre yesterdayandbought a dress. Iwentto university in September 2000. A week ago, myfatherhada caraccident. Fortunatelynothingbadhappened; hewasn’thurtandneitherwastheother driver.

  5. PRACTICE

  6.  A. Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets in the past simple or present perfect. 1. His girlfriend loves Japan. She _________ (be) there many times. 2. Anthony __________ (work) in that big building for four years. (He still works there.) 3. They _____ (go) to Australia on holiday last summer. 4. I _____________ (watch) that film. It´s really good. 5. His grandparents _____ (be) here last Christmas. 6. They ____ (go) to Greece when she _____ (be) only four. hasbeen hasworked went havewatched were went was

  7.  A. Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets in the past simple or present perfect. (cont.) 7. ____ you ____ (see) any good TV programmes last weekend? 8. I _____ (have) a salad and a soup for lunch today. 9. My brother ________ (live) in Madrid since he went to college there. 10. The car looks different._____ you _______ (paint) it? 11. She _________ (not see) him at the café last Saturday night. 12. A friend of mine ____ (win) the lottery three years ago. Did see had haslived Have painted didn’tsee won

  8.  B. Say if the following sentences are right or wrong.Correct them if necessary. 1. ‘Have you ever been to India’? ‘No, I haven’t’. ________________________________________________ 2. I’ve had cereals for breakfast, but I’ve had nothing since then. __________________________________________________ 3. She’s enjoyed herself at the funfair last Saturday. ________________________________________________ 4. I’ve listened to their new album, but I didn’t like it (much). ________________________________________________ 5. Tom has left university ten years ago. ________________________________________________ Right Wrong–I hadcereals for breakfast, but I’ve had nothing since then. Wrong– She enjoyedherself at the funfair last Saturday. Right Wrong– Tom leftuniversity ten years ago.

  9.  B. Say if the following sentences are right or wrong.Correct them if necessary. (cont.) 6. Their cousins have lived in Barcelona since they’ve been teenagers. ___________________________________________________ 7. We have lived here for three years and a half. ___________________________________________________ 8. My parents worked in that company for ten years. ___________________________________________________ 9. Rose has made a cheese cake for her mother’s last birthday. ___________________________________________________ 10. I´ve washed your car. It looks really clean now! __________________________________________________ Wrong– Their cousins have lived in Barcelona since they wereteenagers. Right Right Wrong– Rose madea cheese cake for her mother’s birthday. Right