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Customer relationship management (CMR)
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Customer relationship management (CMR)

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  1. Customer relationship management (CMR) Strategic marketing

  2. Customer relationship management What is customer Relation Management (CRM)? • A company-wide business strategy designed to optimize • profitability • revenue • customer satisfaction by focusing on highly defined and precise customer groups Concept is to treat customers as individuals rather than part of a group

  3. Customer relationship management strategy • The company accomplishes this strategy by • Organizing the company around customer segments • Establishing and tracking customer interactions with the company • Fostering customer satisfying behaviors • Example when you login to a website like • Rhapsody player targets consumers who stream audio • Tracks their musical preferences and usage • Uses this information to offer special promotions & make recommendations to you specifically

  4. Customer relationship management CRm v. Mass Marketing Mass marketing means using one approach & hoping it has mass appeal CRM allows you to effectively communicate with the individual customer

  5. Leverage customerinformation Understand interactions with current customer base Identify best customers Capture customer data based on interactions Customer relationship management cycle Identify customer relationships • Customer relationship management seems like a simple customer service management strategy • It is a closed-loop system that builds relationships with customers • Continuous • No predefined starting/ending point Store and integratecustomer data using IT

  6. Customer Relationship Management Bridgestone tire uses ondemand 5 • Gathers information from P.O.S. • Demographic, frequency of purchases, how much they purchase, & how far they drive • Gathers information from all types of communication the customer has • How often they visit a specific store & purchasing history • Captures relative customer data on interactions • Last purchase made, does customer redeem coupons, last form of communication between customer • Store & integrate customer data • Stores customer responses from survey, warranty cards, any customer input source • Identify most profitable customers • Not all customers are the same. Focus on money makers • Leverage information • Customer data is sent to all departments of a company. Get all information to right department. • Send customers promotions aimed at increasing store visits & sales

  7. Customer relationship management CRM key points • Customers take center stage • Business must manage the customer relationship across all points of customer contact

  8. Identify customer relationships • Companies have a crm system that follows a customer-centric focus or model • Customer centric • An internal management philosophy similar to the marketing concept • Company customizes its product & service offering based on data generated through interactions between the customer and the company • All company decisions and actions are a direct result of customer information

  9. Customer relationship management • Companies force customers to login to websites so that they can gain access to their information & preferences • Take advantage of online opportunities; have to login Learning • An informal process of collecting customer data through customer comments and feedback on product or service performance.

  10. Customer relationship management Knowledge management • The process by which learned information from customers is centralized and shared in order to enhance the relationship between customers and the organization. • Knowledge management involves Collecting information through: • Experimental observations • Comments • Customer actions • Qualitative facts

  11. Customer relationship management Empowerment Delegation of authority to solve customers’ problems quickly—usually by the first person that the customer notifies regarding the problem. • Employees don’t have to rely on management to make decisions • Trusted to take care of customer without supervision

  12. Customer relationship management interaction the point at which a customer and a company representative exchange information and develop learning relationships • Customer defines the terms of the interaction (often by preference) • Organization responds with products & services that meet customer needs • Any activity or touch point a customer has with a company (directly or indirectly) constitutes an interaction

  13. Customer relationship Management Touch points All possible areas of a business where customers communicate with that business. -- Amazon saves your searches based on login Point of sale interactions Communications between customers and organizations thatoccur at the point of sale, normally in a store. -- Check out with store credit card

  14. Customer relationship Management • Most common ways a company can interact with current customers • Web • Point of sale • Kiosk • Delivery, installation • Survey • Product registration

  15. Customer relationship Management Channel interactions The traditional approach for acquiring customer data The method of data collection (how information is obtained) is most important Can include Store visits Conversations with sales people Interactions via the web Phone conversations Wireless communications

  16. Undercover boss • Directv • • How do they (or could they) develop customer retionships? • How do they identify customer relationships? • Examples of interactions between a company & its customer base • Types of information it wants to capture

  17. CRM Part II

  18. Warm up Directv empowers its customer service representatives to offer discounts to long-established customers in order to solve a problem. This is an example of which stage of the customer relationship cycle? • Capturing customer data • Identification of customer relationship • Leveraging the customer information • Storing & integrating customer data using information technology

  19. Leverage customerinformation Understand interactions with current customer base Identify best customers Capture customer data based on interactions Customer relationship management cycle Identify customer relationships • Identify customer relationships • Understand interactions with customer base • Capture customer data based on interactions • Store & integrate customer data using information technology • Identify best customers • Leverage customer information Store and integratecustomer data using IT

  20. How do companies store & integrate customer data?

  21. Customer relationship Management Data warehouse A central warehouse of customer data collected by an organization. Essentially it is a large computerized file of all information collected in the previous phase of the CRM process. Takes information from a variety of databases and integrates them so that departments throughout an organization can have access to all pertinent customer data

  22. Customer relationship Management • When Building a database you develop a list • Response list: customers who have indicated an interest in a product or service • Includes their name & addresses • Have responded to an offer at some time • Compiled list: created by an outside company that has collected data of potential customers • Gather information from telephone directories or membership rosters • Enhance information with census data & other public record information

  23. Customer relationship Management • Goal of a company is to find your best customers • 80/20 Rule: 80% of your profits come from 20% of your customers • Goal is to identify that 20%. Data mining • Identify and profile the best customers • Pickup on patterns & characteristics to determine trends • Calculate their lifetime value • Predict purchasing behavior

  24. forms of analysis can be performed after customer data is captured?

  25. Customer relationship Management Data mining • Customer segmentation • Break down large groups into smaller homogenous groups • Recency-frequency-monetary analysis (rfm) • Measures: recently purchased moves, frequency, & amount spent • Projects current value of a customer to a company • Lifetime value analysis (ltv) • Projects future value of a customer to a company • Explains how much it costs to acquire customers • Level of spending to retain customers • Facilitates targeting new customers • Predictive modeling • Predict when a purchase will take place

  26. How do companies leverage customer information?

  27. Leveraging customer information Leveraging means designing & tailoring marketing strategies to best appeal to identified customers Campaign management • Monitoring the success of marketing strategies based on sales, orders, etc.. • Develop customized sales for loyal customers • Customers that spend more, get more • Allows companies to store information about customers & trends

  28. CRM Marketing Database Applications Reinforcing customerpurchase decisions Campaign management Inducing product trialby new customers Retain loyalcustomers Cross-selling other products and services Increasing effectivenessof distribution channel marketing Designing targetedmarketing communications Improving customer service LO7

  29. Campaign Management Developing customized offerings for appropriate segment Pricing these offeringsattractively Communicating offerings in a waythat enhances customer relationships LO7

  30. Retaining Loyal Customers Retaining an additional 5 percent of customers increases profits by as much as 25 percent Improving customer retention by 2 percent candecrease costs by as much as 10 percent Loyalty programs reward loyal customers for making multiple purchases Loyalty programs provide information about customers and trends LO7

  31. Targeted Marketing Communications InfrequentUsers • Offer direct incentives, such as a price discount • Offer more reinforcement of past purchase decisions ModerateUsers • Design around loyalty and reinforcement of purchase HeavyUsers LO7

  32. Increasing Effectiveness ofDistribution Channel Marketing RFID technology Multichannel Marketing CRM Databases Online LO7

  33. LO7 REVIEW LEARNING OUTCOME Leveraging Customer Information Marketing Information • Campaign management • Retaining loyal customers • Cross-selling other products • Designing targeted marketingcommunications • Reinforcing purchase decisions • Inducing product trial by new customers • Increasing effectiveness of distribution channel marketing • Improving customer service CRM Database Applications