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2012 IASSID World Congress

2012 IASSID World Congress. Eligibility and Classification in the Paralympics: How does this work for athletes with intellectual disabilities?. Prof Jan Burns. History. Sydney Paralympics 2000 – Spanish 10/12 basket ball team found to be cheating due to not having an ID

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2012 IASSID World Congress

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  1. 2012 IASSID World Congress Eligibility and Classification in the Paralympics: How does this work for athletes with intellectual disabilities? Prof Jan Burns

  2. History Sydney Paralympics 2000 – Spanish 10/12 basket ball team found to be cheating due to not having an ID ID athletes disallowed from competing until can provide evidence that can comply with International Paralympic Committee (IPC) governance

  3. IPC Rules and Procedures Eligibility i.e. Have they the disability they claim to have? Classification i.e. what impact does the disability have on the sport?

  4. What does ‘classification’ mean for athletes with ID in the Paralympics? INAS International Sports Federation for Para-athletes with ID IPC International Paralympic Committee Sports Federation

  5. Primary eligibility • Adopt a universally accepted definition of ID • Disability evident before age 18 • IQ below 75 • Significant impairment of adaptive behaviour • Adopt a ‘gold standard’ approach to assessment • International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities (IASSID) • Make appropriate adaptations based on available evidence to treat nations fairly

  6. INAS Eligibility Procedure • Primary evidence submitted, signed off by psychologist • Screened by INAS admin. • Insufficient evidence more requested • Sufficient information submitted • Panel of two-three review evidence • Criteria not met • Criteria met • Athlete rejected • Athlete registered

  7. Part 2: Classification Does having an intellectual disability impact on the ability to perform the sport and in what way?

  8. LONDON 2012 • IPC General Assembly Oct 2009 agreed that ID athletes could re-join for London 2012 • 3 sports • Athletics • 1500m • Shot • Long jump • Table tennis • Swimming 100m

  9. International research group INAS & International Paralympic Committee Research Questions Does ID impair sports performance? If so how, and in what way for different sports? So how do classify ID athletes?

  10. Starting from a conceptual model Understanding

  11. Key components of intellectual functioning that have sport specific applications include: Sports Intelligence

  12. Developing the classification system G - An assessment of generic sports intelligence - An assessment of sports specific intelligence S

  13. The Sport Cognition Test Battery G Collection of proven psychometric tests chosen to test each area Able to be administered largely non-verbally Quick to administer Largely touch screen computer, with some ‘table top’ tests Easy and quick to score

  14. - Sport specific assessment S Two components Observation in competition – video analysis of relative stroking speed, mid-pool. ID athletes have relative low stroke speeds compared to non–disabled athletes TSAL-Q – a questionnaire based inventory of training and experience

  15. Bandwidth model Non – disabled sample Tests 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 High scores Low scores High scores Low scores Disabled Sample

  16. Bandwidth model Non – disabled sample Tests 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 High scores Low scores Overlap Cut-off scores High scores Low scores Disabled Sample

  17. What next? Lots more to do Other sports, basket ball, skiing, football Funding However, good developments and we will see ID athletes compete in London this summer Thank you for listening Questions?

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