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Lesson 3. Linear Equations. The Distributive Property. Warm-Up. State whether the equation is true or not with the given values. 6 x – 4 y = 22 when x = 5 and y = 2 x + 5 = y when x = 6 and y = 11 y = – 3 x – 1 when x = – 2 and y = – 7. The Distributive Property.

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## Linear Equations

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**Lesson 3**Linear Equations The Distributive Property**Warm-Up**State whether the equation is true or not with the given values. • 6x – 4y = 22 when x = 5 and y = 2 • x + 5 = y when x = 6 and y = 11 • y = – 3x – 1 when x = – 2 and y = – 7**The Distributive Property**Target: Simplify expressions using the Distributive Property and combining like terms.**Vocabulary**• Term: A number or the product of a number and a variable. • Constant: Term that has no variable. • Coefficient: The number multiplied by a variable in a term. • Distributive Property: A property that can be used to rewrite an expression without parentheses. • Like Terms: Terms that have the same variable raised to the same power. • Equivalent Expressions: Expressions that have the same value.**The Distributive Property**For any numbers a, b and c: a(b + c) = a ∙ b + a ∙ c a(b – c) = a ∙ b – a ∙ c**Example 1a**Use the Distributive Property to simplify each expression. 2(x + 6) 2(x) + 2(6) 2x + 12**Example 1b**Use the Distributive Property to simplify each expression.**Example 1c**Use the Distributive Property to simplify each expression. – 5(3x – 1) – 5(3x) – (– 5)(1) – 15x + 5**Example 2a**Find the product by using the Distributive Property and mental math. 4(103) 4(100 + 3) 4(100) + 4(3) 400 + 12 412**Example 2b**Find the product by using the Distributive Property and mental math. 998 ∙ 7 7(1000 – 2) 7(1000) – 7(2) 7000 – 14 6986**Example 2c**Find the product by using the Distributive Property and mental math. 8(6.5) 8(6 + 0.5) 8(6) + 8(0.5) 48 + 4 52**Example 3**Simplify by combining like terms. 3x – 2y + 4 – 2x + x + 4y 2x + 2y + 4**Example 4**Simplify by combining like terms – 5(2x – 1) + 3x – 2 – 10x + 5 + 3x – 2 – 7x + 3**Exit Problems**Simplify each expression. • 4(x − 3) • 9x + 2 + 3x – 4 − 7x • 10 + 8(2x + 3) − x**Communication Prompt**How could the Distributive Property help you do mental math in real-world situations?

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