Examples: • Simile • Metaphor • Alliteration • Personification • Onomatopoeia • Hyperbole • Idiom
Similes are sentences that compare two unlike objects using like or as. • The girl’s hair is as yellow as the sun. • The boy runs like a rabbit.
"What Happens to a Dream Deferred?"by Langston Hughes Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?
Important! Using “like” or “as”doesn’t always mean it is a simile! A comparison must be made. Not a Simile:I like pizza. Simile:The moon is like a pizza.
Metaphors are sentences that state one thing is another to show a likeness between the two using the words is, am, are, was, and were. • That report was dynamite! • The boy is an egghead.
The Hunt My sister once again is on the prowlA lioness hunting her preySearching for something lost long ago I hope it won’t ruin her day.Like a detective she snoopsIn dizzying loopsUntil she picks up on a clueA little white bottle she once thought long goneAt last she has located her glue Picture Puzzle Piece by Shel Silverstein One picture puzzle pieceLyin' on the sidewalk,One picture puzzle pieceSoakin' in the rain.It might be a button of blueOn the coat of the womanWho lived in a shoe.It might be a magical bean,Or a fold in the redVelvet robe of a queen.It might be the one little biteOf the apple her stepmotherGave to Snow White.It might be the veil of a brideOr a bottle with some evil genie inside.It might be a small tuft of hairOn the big bouncy bellyOf Bobo the Bear.It might be a bit of the cloakOf the Witch of the WestAs she melted to smoke.It might be a shadowy traceOf a tear that runs down an angel's face.Nothing has more possibilitiesThan one old wet picture puzzle piece.
Alliteration is the repetition of the beginning consonant sound in a group of words. • Stan the strong surfer saved several swimmers on Saturday. • Tiny Tommy Thompson takes toy trucks to Tina’s on Tuesday.
Personification is sentences that give inanimate objects a human characteristic. • The friendly gates welcomed us. • The flowers danced in the wind. • The earth choked from all of the pollution.
Hyperobles a statement that is exaggerated for effect to show strong feeling. • I tried a thousand times. • His feet are as big as a barge.
Onomatopoeia is sound words. • Vroom • Swish • Boom • Beep • Click-clack • Tick-tock
Idioms are sentences that cannot be understood by the meanings of their separate words. (You have to figure out what it really means) • I’m in hot water with my mom! • Are you feeling blue today?
I am so mad I could spit fire. hyperbole
The lady was a singing bird. metaphor
You crack me up! idiom
I’m in the doghouse! idiom