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Nomenclature Practice

Nomenclature Practice

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Nomenclature Practice

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  1. Nomenclature Practice Types I, II, & III Acids and Hydrates

  2. Directions • A compound’s name or formula will be presented. • For each you should determine the category of compound. i.e. Type I, II, III, Binary Acid, Oxyacid, or Hydrate • If the formula is given determine it’s name • If the name is given determine it’s formula.

  3. Reminders • Type I • Column IA, IIA, Ag, Zn & Al • Name both ions • Charges total to zero • Type II • The rest of the metals • Cation named with roman numeral (RN = charge) • Charges total to zero • Type III • Nonmetals with nonmetals • Named with prefixes

  4. Reminders • Acids ~ • H+1 is the cation • Oxyacids – contain oxygen • To name ~ remove the ‘ate’ add ‘ic acid’ • To write formula ~ charges must total to zero • Binary acids – two elements (no oxygen) • To name ~ use ‘hydro’ prefix & add ‘ic acid • To write formula ~ charges must total to zero • Hydrates • Ionic compounds named as normal with a ‘prefix hydrate’ added as a suffix

  5. Sodium oxide • Category? • Formula? Type I Na2O

  6. PCl3 • Category? • Name? Type III Phosphorus trichloride

  7. Copper(I) sulfide • Category? • Formula? Type II Cu2S

  8. H3PO4 • Category? • Name? Oxyacid Phosphoric acid

  9. Nickel(II) sulfate heptahydrate • Category? • Formula? Type II hydrate NiSO4. 7H2O

  10. HF • Category? • Name? Binary acid Hydrofluoric acid

  11. Zinc hydroxide • Category? • Formula? Type I Zn(OH)2

  12. SO2 • Category? • Name? Type III Sulfurdioxide

  13. Barium phosphate • Category? • Formula? Type I Ba3(PO4)2

  14. Ag2CrO4 • Category? • Name? Type I Silver chromate

  15. Vanadium(III) fluoride • Category? • Formula? Type II VF3

  16. NH4Cl • Category? • Name? Technically Type I. Polyatomic cation is not really a category. Ammonium chloride

  17. Strontium acetate • Category? • Formula? Type I Sr(C2H3O2)2

  18. MgCO3 • Category? • Name? Type I Magnesium carbonate

  19. Hydrobromic acid • Category? • Formula? Binary Acid HBr

  20. SnI4 • Category? • Name? Type II Tin(IV) iodide

  21. Lithium dichromate • Category? • Formula? Type I Li2Cr2O7

  22. MnO2 • Category? • Name? Type II Manganese(IV) oxide

  23. Magnesium sulfate hexahydrate • Category? • Formula? Type I hydrate MgSO4. 6H2O

  24. SeCl2 • Category? • Name? Type III Selenium dichloride

  25. Iron(II) nitrate • Category? • Formula? Type II Fe(NO3)2

  26. NaHCO3 • Category? • Name? Type I Sodium hydrogencarbonate

  27. Titanium(II) phosphide • Category? • Formula? Type II Ti3P2

  28. Cr(ClO3)3 • Category? • Name? Type II Chromiun(III) chlorate

  29. Nitrogen dioxide • Category? • Formula? Type III NO2

  30. H2S • Category? • Name? Binary acid Hydrosulfuric acid

  31. Nitric acid • Category? • Formula? Oxyacid HNO3

  32. KMnO4 • Category? • Name? Type I Potassium permanganate

  33. Cobalt(II) cyanide • Category? • Formula? Type II Co(CN)2

  34. Ca(HSO4)2 • Category? • Name? Type I Calcium hydrogensulfate

  35. Magnesium peroxide • Category? • Formula? Type I MgO2

  36. Cd(HPO4)2 • Category? • Name? Type II Cadmium(IV) hydrogenphosphate

  37. Aluminum sulfite • Category? • Formula? Type I Al2(SO3)3

  38. NaH2PO4 • Category? • Name? Type I Sodium dihydrogenphosphate

  39. Silver nitrite • Category? • Formula? Type I AgNO2

  40. SiO2 • Category? • Name? Type III Silicon dioxide

  41. Hydroselenic acid • Category? • Formula? Binary acid H2Se

  42. H2CrO4 • Category? • Name? Oxyacid Chromic acid

  43. Scandium(III) sulfide • Category? • Formula? Type II Sc2S3

  44. Hg2O • Category? • Name? Type II Mercury(I) oxide

  45. Lead(II) carbonate • Category? • Formula? Type II PbCO3

  46. GeS2 • Category? • Name? Type III Germanium disulfide

  47. Calcium arsenide • Category? • Formula? Type I Ca3As2

  48. CCl4 • Category? • Name? Type III Carbontetrachloride

  49. Xenontrioxide • Category? • Formula? Type III XeO3

  50. HCl • Category? • Name? Binary acid Hydrochloric acid