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Bell-work 12/10/13

Bell-work 12/10/13.

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Bell-work 12/10/13

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  1. Bell-work 12/10/13 Determine the political message of the student created political cartoon? Remember when evaluating you should follow these steps: 1. What actions are present in the cartoon? 2. What symbols and objects are present? 3. What people are present? 4. What expressions are displayed by the people in the cartoon? 5. What words or dialogue are present in the cartoon? 6. What is the meaning of the cartoon? EQ: In what ways did the large and small states disagree about at the Convention? The student will be able to compare and contrast the plans for government

  2. Objective: • Students will be able to compare and contrast the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan as evidenced by a completed Cornell Notes as well as a double-bubble map • Where does today’s objective fit into our unit learning goal? • Goal, E • How do you reach mastery of our goal? • TOC: page. 56: Constitutional Convention

  3. Why does this goal matter? • The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation (shown in Shays’ rebellion) prompted the states to call for a meeting to revise the Articles. The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia led to an entirely new framework of government.

  4. 1. Goals of the Convention 1787 • Philadelphia 1787 • George Washington was president of the Convention • Called to amend (change) the Articles of Confederation • 55 delegates from 12 of the states • Rhode Island did not send a delegate • Two different plans to change the Articles surfaced

  5. 2. Virginia Plan (Large State Plan) • Proposed by James Madison and Edmund Randolph of Virginia • Plan called for a new, strong central government and to toss out the Articles all together • Plan instead proposed three branches of government: the executive branch would carry out laws, the judicial branch would consist of a system of courts to interpret the law

  6. 2. Virginia Plan Representation based on population • The legislative branch would be broken up into two houses, a lower house and an upper house • The delegates argued about the best way to choose members of each house • The # of representatives each state had would be determined by the state’s population • Large states like Virginia, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts supported this plan • why? How did it benefit them?

  7. 3. New Jersey Plan (Small state Plan) • William Patterson proposed a different plan to the delegates in June 15, 1787 • This plan called for amending or changing the articles • This plan also called for three branches of government, but with one big difference Equal representation

  8. 3. New Jersey Plan • It called for a single house of Congress, with equal representation for each state • Why? How did this benefit small states? • Yes, their voice in government would be equal even with smaller populations • Delegates argued day after day over the issues and between the plans, some even feared the Convention would fail because of all the disagreements

  9. You decide! Critical Thinking! • In your groups, see if you can devise a plan for government that would appease both the large and the small states. What would make each state happy?  • Hint…it may help to think about how the legislative branch if constructed today! • You have five minutes!

  10. Answers: • The legislative branch would be bicameral (two houses), one house with equal representation and one with representation based on the state’s population. • Now, each state would feel that they would have an equal say in government • This is called the Great Compromise, and we will investigate it further tomorrow.

  11. Summary and Progress Chart • Compare and contrast both plans for a new national government by constructing a double bubble map at the bottom of your notes • Complete your progress chart for objective E • Can you effectively compare the parts of each plan? They you have reached mastery!  Diff. Large Same Small

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